Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Government

Townships

School Bell Commemorating the Maine Unorganized Territory School System (2001)

Townships is the designation of minor civil divisions that have no organized local government, such as a plantation, town or city.
School Bell Commemorating the Maine Unorganized Territory School System (2001)

Bell Recalling the Unorganized Territory School System (2001)

Townships in Maine are administered directly by the State government. Taxes are due directly to the State Bureau of Taxation, with funds disbursed to support township services such as schools. They have names or may simply be designated by a township and range identification, such as T3 R4 WELS or T5 ND BPP. T stands for township, and R indicates a range. More abbreviations are here. Continue reading

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A Sample of Governors Addresses

Inaugural Address, Governor William King, 1820 Inaugural Address, Governor Hannibal Hamlin, 1857 Inaugural Address, Governor James B. Longley, 1975 Inaugural Address, Governor Joseph E. Brennan, 1979 Inaugural Address, Governor Joseph E. Brennan, 1983 Inaugural Address, Governor John R. McKernan, Jr., … Continue reading

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Abbot

Location Map for Abbot

is a town in Piscataquis County, incorporated on January 31, 1827. It was one of several tracts granted to Bowdoin College in 1794 and was named for the College’s treasurer, John Abbott. (The final “t” in the town’s name seems to have been lost over the years.) In the 1870’s the town was prospering with two railway stations and a rail link to Bangor. Two covered bridges spanned the Piscataquis River. Continue reading

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Abbott, Nehemiah

(1804-1877) was a U.S. Representative born in Sidney on March 29, 1804. He studied law at the Litchfield (Connecticut) Law School, was admitted to the bar in 1836, and commenced practice at Calais. Abbott moved to Columbus, Mississippi in 1839, … Continue reading

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Acton

Location Map for Action

is a town in York County, incorporated on March 6, 1830; it ceded land to Shapleigh in 1831. It was part of a much larger tract of land in purchased in 1661 by Francis Small from Chief Sunday of the Newichawannock Tribe. Settled in 1776, the town’s first mill, a grist mill, was built on the Salmon Falls River in 1779 by Joseph Parsons. Continue reading

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Addison

Location Map for Addison

is a coastal town in Washington County, located at the junction of the Pleasant River and its West Branch, on a peninsular whose westerly portion comprises Cape Split in South Addison, and contains nature preserves, eagle nesting sites, and historic buildings. Continue reading

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Albany

Location Map for Albany

an unorganized township in Oxford County, was originally incorporated as a town on June 20, 1803 from its earlier designation as Oxford Plantation. It lies just south of the town of Bethel and on the edge of the scenic White Mountains National Forest in Western Maine. The town house, grange, and congregational church, all near Routes 5 and 15, are historic landmarks. Continue reading

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Albion

Location map for Albion

First settled in 1790, probably by Congregational minister Daniel Lovejoy, Albion, in Kennebec County, is the birthplace of Elijah Parish Lovejoy, son of Daniel and a fearless journalist and opponent of slavery. A plaque to Lovejoy, who was murdered for his beliefs, rests outside the town library. Continue reading

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Alexander

Location Map for Alexander

is a town in Washington County named for Alexander Baring (Lord Ashburton) the British envoy who, along with Daniel Webster, settled Maine’s northern boundary with the Webster-Ashburton Treaty. It contains Barrows and Pleasant lakes, and has substantial frontage on Meddybemps Lake. Continue reading

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Alfred

Map of Maine Showing the location of Alfred. Green areas are unorganized territories.

Originally, the area was known to the Native Americans as Massabesic and was acquired from Chief Fluellin in 1661 by Major William Phipps. Later a Shaker community settled on a hill overlooking what is now called Shaker Pond. Alfred is the county seat of York County and was the site of a Civilian Conservation Corps camp in the 1930’s. Continue reading

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Allagash

Location Map for Allagash

in Aroostook County, is at the mouth of the Allagash River as it enters the St, John. Large in area, small in population, hunting and camping is an economic asset. The Allagash River flows through the town and is the tenth longest in the State. At 69 miles, it drains 1,240 square miles in northern Maine. Across the St. John lies the small Canadian town of Connors. Continue reading

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Allen, Elisha Hunt

(1804-1883), son of Samuel Clesson Allen, was a U.S. Representative who was born in New Salem, Massachusetts on January 28, 1804. He attended New Salem Academy, and was graduated from Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, in 1823. Allen studied law, was … Continue reading

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Allen, Thomas H.

(1945- ) U.S. Representative; born in Portland on April 16, 1945, he graduated Bowdoin College in 1967, and was a Rhodes Scholar to Oxford University in 1970. He received his J.D. from Harvard University in 1974. Allen was on the … Continue reading

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Alna

Location Map for Alna

Head Tide village, poet Edwin Arlington Robinson’s birthplace, is a “small, picturesque river community with many … well-preserved 19th century buildings.” Video. Alna is home to the Wiscasset, Waterville and Farmington narrow gauge railway museum. The Sheepscot River runs through the town, the site of canoe trips from Whitefield to Wiscasset. Continue reading

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Alton

Location Map for Alton

Near Bangor and the University of Maine in Orono, home to the Hirundo Wildlife Refuge and Alton Bog, it has steadily gained population since 1970. The Refuge is the site of an archaeological project on Pushaw Stream; evidence suggests occupation by prehistoric Indian cultures dating back approximately 7,000 years. Continue reading

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Ames, Benjamin

(1778-1835) a Democratic-Republican from Bath, born October 30, 1778, was acting governor 1821-1822 and President of the Maine Senate in 1824. He was born in Andover, Massachusetts and Harvard educated, moved to Bath in 1806 and was admitted to the … Continue reading

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Amherst

Location Map for Amherst

A web of dirt roads leads into the hinterland where several streams, the West Branch of the Union River, and a half dozen small ponds attract fishermen, hunters, and vacationers. Amherst was the site of an unsolved a homicide, in 1976. Video. Named for Amherst, New Hampshire, it is located on the east-west Maine Route 9, known as the Airline. Continue reading

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Amity

Location Map for Amity

is a small town in Aroostook County, incorporated on March 19, 1836 from township T10 R01. Even as Aroostook County has lost population over the years, Amity has managed slow but consistent growth. Continue reading

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Amos L. Allen

(1837-1911) was a U.S. Representative born in Waterboro on March 17, 1837. He attended the common schools, Whitestown Seminary, Whitestown, New York, and was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1860. Allen studied law at Columbia Law School, Washington, D.C., was … Continue reading

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Anderson, Hugh J.

(1801-1881) was a U.S. Representative born in Wiscasset on May 10, 1801 where he attended the local schools. He moved to Belfast in 1815 and was employed as a clerk in the mercantile establishment of his uncle. Clerk of the … Continue reading

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