Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "H"

A Brief History of Maine

This brief sketch focuses on the highlights of Maine History and is not intended to be as extensive as the many available works on the subject. Each of the sections includes a link to the Timeline for the period covered. To view the Timeline for a particular period, in the Table of Contents click on the dates under the TimeLink column. Continue reading

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Augusta Historic Register

D. V. Adams Block (2015)

National Register of Historic Places – Augusta Much of Augusta’s history is tied to two eras: the early settlement and trading on the Kennebec River, and the long period it has served as the state’s capital.  Official government buildings and … Continue reading

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Bangor Historic Register

84-96 Hammond Street (2016)

National Register of Historic Places –Bangor Bangor’s architectural history is influenced by the great houses built in the boom years of the nineteenth century, with its resident lumber barons and its related commerce. The city’s role as a regional hub … Continue reading

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Gulf Hagas

Long view of Gulf Hagas with Forested Cliffs

and The Hermitage are both located in the Bowdoin College Grant East, T7 R10 NWP, an unorganized township east of Greenville and northwest of Brownville. The area is part of the Appalachian Trail corridor owned by the National Park Service. … Continue reading

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Haines, William T.

William T. Haines (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1854-1919) born in Levant on August 7, 1854, attended local schools and the University of Maine. After receiving his LL.B. from Albany Law School in 1878, he was admitted to the Maine bar the following year. Haines began his legal … Continue reading

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Hale, Eugene

(1836-1918) a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from Maine and father of Frederick Hale another U.S. Senator, was born in Turner on June 9, 1836. He was educated in the common schools and at Hebron Academy, studied law in … Continue reading

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Hale, Frederick

Frederick Hale, courtesy of Maine State Museum

(1874-1963), son of Eugene Hale, grandson of Zachariah Chandler, and cousin of Robert Hale, was a Senator from Maine, born in Detroit, Michigan. on October 7, 1874. He attended preparatory schools in Lawrenceville, New Jersey and Groton, Massachusetts, and graduated … Continue reading

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Hale, Robert

(1889-1976), cousin of Frederick Hale, was a U.S. Representative born in Portland on November 29, 1889. He attended the public schools; was graduated from Portland High School in 1906, from Bowdoin College, Brunswick in 1910, and from Oxford University in … Continue reading

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Hall, Joseph

(1793-1859) was a U.S. Representative born in Methuen, Massachusetts on June 26, 1793. He attended the common schools and Andover Academy in Andover, Massachusetts. He moved to Camden in 1809 and engaged in business. During the War of 1812 he … Continue reading

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Hall, Joshua

Joshua Hall (courtesy Maine State Archives)

was born on October 22, 1768 in Lewes, Delaware. He served the town of Frankfort in the General Court in 1814, 1816, 1818 and 1819, and was a member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1820-1821. A National Republican, … Continue reading

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Hall, R.B.

R. B. Hall Day Program (1999)

(1858-1907) composer and musician, was born into a musical family on June 30th, 1858 in Bowdoinham and was known as a cornet virtuoso, bandmaster and composer of marches. Among his compositions is the Fort Popham March. His father played E … Continue reading

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Hallowell

Location Map for Hallowell

Early in the 19th century, Hallowell on the Kennebec has become an important commercial center in the District of Maine. River ice and shipbuilding were staple industries. Granite quarries were active and productive in the 19th century, with one on “Granite Hill.” Maine’s smallest city in area has a vital downtown with antique and book shops, along with restaurants. See photos. The first settler arrived in 1762; surveyor Ephraim Ballard, in 1776; his wife Martha, the next year. Maine’s first Anti-Slavery Society was founded here in 1833. Continue reading

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Hamlin Plantation

Map of Maine Showing the location of Hamlin Plantation. Green areas are unorganized territories.

a plantation in Aroostook County, organized in 1859 for election purposes and formally organized for general purposes in 1895. Named for Hannibal Hamlin, President Lincoln’s first Vice President, this northeastern community is bounded on the north by the St. John River. See map. The population is concentrated along the river on the Hamlin Road (U.S. Route 1A). Hamlin Plantation is subject to the Maine Land Use Regulation Commission, which has identified critical natural areas in the plantation. Continue reading

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Hamlin, Hannibal

Governor Hannibal Hamlin (1857), during the Civil War, Matthew Brady Studio, from the National Archives collections

(1809-1891) a Representative and a Senator from Maine and a Vice President of the United States, was born at Paris Hill in Oxford County on August 27, 1809. He attended the district schools, Hebron Academy, and Kents Hill School. Hamlin … Continue reading

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Hamlin, Helen

Maine Department of Conservation Photo

By the early 1930s, approximately twenty families lived permanently at the depot, including those of the superintendent, paymaster, master mechanic, truck drivers, Lombard operators, boat operators, scalers, camp superintendents, and many more. At the height of its operation, thousands of … Continue reading

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Hamlin, Simon

(1866-1939) a U.S. Representative, was born in Standish (Richville) August 10, 1866. He attended the public schools, Gorham Normal School, and Bridgton Academy,  and taught school. Hamlin was graduated from Bowdoin College, in 1900 and became superintendent of the South … Continue reading

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Hammond

Location Map for Hammond

Hammond is west of Littleton and northwest of Houlton in southern Aroostook County, clearly “off the beaten path” of U.S. Route 1. However, is has sustained, and increased, its small population over four decades. Access to the public “Hammond Lot” is through the small village in the southeast near Houlton. B stream runs west to east through the southern portion of the township, from B Pond through B Dam in the east. Continue reading

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Hammons, David

(1808-1888) a U.S. Representative, was born in Cornish on May 12, 1808 and attended the common schools. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1836 and commenced practice in Lovell. A member of the Maine State Senate in … Continue reading

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Hampden

Location Map for Hampden

The town is a suburb of Bangor lying just south of that city on U.S. Route 1A. It hosts a regional U.S. Post Office processing center. Hampden Academy was established in 1803. The Grange Hall, one of the first chartered Granges in 1880. See photos. While teaching here Stephen King was spending his spare time writing short stories and novels. It is the birthplace of social reformer Dorothea Dix. Settled in 1767 it was once known as Wheelersborough after the first settler, carpenter, and mill owner. Continue reading

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Hancock

Location Map for Hancock

Hancock Village lies south of the junction on a peninsular, with Taunton Bay on its northeast and Skillings River on the southwest. Further south are the villages of South Hancock and Hancock Point. See photos. A Wildlife Management Area near Egypt Bay is open to the public for primitive forms of recreation including hunting and trapping. Continue reading

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Hancock County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is one of two downeast coastal counties located east of the Penobscot River. It was formed when the extensive Lincoln County was divided on June 25, 1789 by adding Hancock and Washington counties. The westerly portion of the new Hancock … Continue reading

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Hanover

Location Map for Hanover

Hanover is experiencing home and vacation property development at a more rapid pace. The small town is receiving more interest within the greater area as development in neighboring larger towns is spreading. As with many Maine communities, the number of full-time residents is declining as non-resident vacation homes increase. Continue reading

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Harmony

Location Map for Harmony

Harmony has substantial frontage on Great Moose Lake and the Sebasticook River which flows into it from Mainstream Pond. Boat launch facilities are available at the Lake and the Pond. See photos. U.S. Representative Clyde H. Smith (husband of Margaret Chase Smith) was born here. Continue reading

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Harpswell

Location Map for Harpswell

Historically a collection of small villages, some on islands, the closest to a town center is the town office and the recycling center on the Mountain Road. See photos. Its population doubles in summer as seasonal residents return. Several easy hiking trails and nature preserves are at hand. A historic park is at Harpswell Center. Continue reading

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Harpswell Center

Harpswell Town House and Kellogg Church (2013)

During Harpswell’s early settlement and before a bridge connected it to the rest of the town, Harpswell Neck was the site of several small villages.  Harpswell Center hosted a church, the 1759 meetinghouse (later the town office), and a 1793 … Continue reading

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Harpswell, North

Skolfield Shores Kiosk at Merriconeagan Farm (2011)

In Harpswell, this is the northern most village on Harpswell Neck, the others being West and South Harpswell. It centers on the intersection of Route 123 from Brunswick and the Mountain Road, which links North Harpswell to the islands via … Continue reading

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Harpswell, West and South

Mitchell Field Pier (2007)

Among Harpswell’s villages at the southern portion of Harpswell Neck is West Harpswell, about two miles south of Harpswell Center. South Harpswell begins about a mile farther, where Route 123 branches to Ash Point Road, Basin Point Road, as well … Continue reading

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Harrington

Location Map for Harrington

In 1858 the Jefferson Davis trail was cut to haul supplies and instruments to the top of Humpback Mountain for the U.S. Coast Survey. An elegant old church, adjoins the Gallison Memorial Library on U.S. 1. See photos. The town has sustained its population base when others in Washington County have declined. From 2000 to 2010 the number of residents expanded by nearly 14%. Continue reading

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Harris, Mark

(1779-1843) a U.S. Representative, was born in Ipswich, Massachusetts on January 27, 1779, and attended the common schools. He moved to Portland in 1800 and worked in retail sales. A member of the Massachusetts State Senate in 1816, he held … Continue reading

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Harrison

Location Map for Harrison

A growing community, its population has consistently expanded over the past forty years. From 2000 to 2010 alone it grew by nearly 18%. See photos and video. By 1847 a wood products mill, known as Scribner’s Mill, was in operation. An effort to restore it is underway. Just north of Naples, Harrison has substantial frontage on Long Lake, which it shares with Bridgton. Continue reading

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Hartford

Location Map for Hartford

Lake Anasagunticook on Main Street (Route 140) in northern Hartford is surrounded by seasonal and year-round houses. See photos. Church Street, an extension of Staples Hill Road in Canton, is a rural road with farms, the old school and community church, with access to the southern shore of the Lake. The area was first settled by Edmund Irish in 1788. The J&) Irish Museum is on Route 140. Continue reading

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Hartland

Location Map for Hartland

About 19 miles northeast of Skowhegan, Hartland village lies on the Sebasticook River at the junction of Maine Routes 23, 43, 151, and 152. See photos. Built before the Civil War, the Academy Building ceased its educational function in 2001 when a new school was built.. It became the Town Hall, hosting town meetings and offices. Woolen mills and tanneries were 19th and early 20th century industries. Continue reading

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Haskell Island

Great Harbor Cove on Haskell Island (2010)

Haskell is an island in the town of Harpswell, not accessible by land. It lies at the edge of Casco Bay on the south end of Merriconeag Sound. A summer home to seasonal residents, the island retains many features of … Continue reading

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Haskell, Nathaniel M.

Nathaniel M. Haskell (1953)

Born September 27, 1912, he was a native of Pittsfield where his father, Lewis O. Haskell, was owner and publisher of the Pittsfield Advertiser. When he was only two years old his father died and his mother took the family … Continue reading

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Haskell, Robert N.

Robert N. Haskell (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1904-  ) was born in Bangor, Maine on August 24, 1904. He was educated in local schools and received a degree in engineering from the University of Maine in 1905. Following graduation, he was employed by the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company … Continue reading

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Hathaway, William D.

Hathaway Campaign Button

(1924-2013) served as a U.S. Representative and a U. S. Senator from Maine. Born in Cambridge, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, February 21, 1924; he attended Boston public schools. Hathaway served in the United States Army Air Corps 1942-1946. He enlisted as … Continue reading

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Hawley, Jean Gannett

(1924-1994) was one of Maine’s most influential media figures. As publisher and chair of the board of Guy Gannett Communications, she controlled a company whose assets included newspapers, television channels, and multi-tenant broadcast towers. As a successful and visible citizen, … Continue reading

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Hawthorne, Nathaniel

Nathaniel Hawthorne House

(1804-1864) was born on July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts, to a prominent family. Family and local history, some of it drawn from Raymond, Casco, and the surrounding area where he spent many summers between 1813 and 1825, provided much … Continue reading

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Hawthorne, Works

Nathaniel Hawthorne’s works . . . Fanshawe, 1828 My Kinsman, Major Molineux; Roger Malvin’s Burial, 1832 (stories) Young Goodman Brown, 1835 Twice Told Tales, 1837(expanded 1842) Grandfather’s Chair, 1841 Famous Old People, 1841 Liberty Tree, 1841 Biographical Stories For Children, … Continue reading

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Haynesville

Location Map for Haynesville

Located on U.S. Route 2A in Aroostook County, this wooded community has recently experienced a major decline in population. See photo. A military road to supply the Houlton post was completed in 1832, providing easy access to the town. Scenic canoeing and fishing is renowned here. The road through the Haynesville Woods was immortalized in the hit song sung by Fort Fairfield’s Richard “Dick” Curless in 1965 – “A Tombstone Every Mile.” Continue reading

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Health and Human Services

Prior to 1975 known as the Department of Health and Welfare, the mission of this executive department is to protect and preserve the health and welfare of Maine citizens. More recently known as the Department of Human Services, it is … Continue reading

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Healthcare Quality

2009 National Healthcare Quality Report: Ranking on Selected Measures The following ranking shows how well Maine is performing among all the States on 18 important measures of health care quality from the 2009 National Healthcare Quality Report. These measures were … Continue reading

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Healy, James Augustine

(1830-1900) was the first African American bishop of the Roman Catholic Church and the first black American ordained a priest in that religion. Born in Georgia, Healy’s father was a white plantation owner and his mother, a black slave. Sent … Continue reading

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Hebron

Location Map for Hebron

Hebron Academy is a private school established in 1804 by Revolutionary War veteran William Barrows. Maine U.S. Representative Stanley Tupper graduated from the Academy. See photos. The growing community has more than doubled its population since 1980. It lies within easy commuting distance northwest of the Lewiston-Auburn area. Continue reading

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Henry, Harriet

Harriet Putnam Henry (1923-2004) became Maine’s first woman judge in 1973. Nationally recognized as an expert in marine law and coastal management, she soon became known as an advocate for women judges, and for her work in the areas of … Continue reading

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Hermon

Location Map for Hermon

Now a growing suburb of Bangor, it lies just west of the city on U.S. Route 2 and Maine Route 100. See photo. Hermon hosts the Northern Maine Junction rail yard in its southeast corner along U.S. Route 2. The property has been used for maintenance, refueling, and railcar classification since 1905. Continue reading

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Herrick, Anson

(1812-1868) was the son of Ebenezer Herrick, a Representative from Maine. Anson Herrick was born in Lewiston on January 21, 1812 and attended the public schools. Later he learned the art of printing and established the Citizen newspaper at Wiscasset … Continue reading

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Herrick, Ebenezer

(1785-1839), father of Anson Herrick, was a U.S. Representative born in Lewiston on October 21, 1785. He attended the common schools, studied law, was admitted to the bar and began his practice in Bowdoinham. He also engaged in business 1814-1818. … Continue reading

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Herrick, Joshua

(1793-1874) a U.S. Representative, was born in Beverly, Massachusetts, March 18, 1793, where he attended the common schools. Herrick moved to the District of Maine in 1811 and engaged in the lumber business. He served in the War of 1812, … Continue reading

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Hersey

Location Map for Hersey

Hersey Village is in the extreme west of the township on Route 11. Townline Road is its northern boundary, separating it from Moro Plantation. The interior of the township is accessible on the Retreat Road, which extends from Route 159 in Crystal in the south to Route 11 in Hersey’s northwest corner. The 137-acre Crystal Lake is the only one in the town. Continue reading

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Hersey, Ira Greenlief

Ira G. Hersey, courtesy Maine State Archives

(1858-1943) a U.S. Representative, was born in Hodgdon on March 31, 1858, attended the public schools and Ricker Classical Institute in Houlton. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1880 and began his practice in Houlton. An unsuccessful … Continue reading

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Hersey, Samuel Freeman

Samuel F. Hersey, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1812-1875) a U.S. Representative, was born in Sumner on April 12, 1812. He attended the common schools of Sumner and Buckfield, taught school from 1828 to 1831, and was graduated from Hebron Academy in 1831. He moved to Bangor the … Continue reading

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Herseytown Township

Mount Katahdin from Herseytown (2012)

Herseytown Township should not be confused with the town of Hersey about 25 miles north on Route 11. Davidson, the only village in the township, is in the north at Davidson Pond on the Davidson Road off Route 11. Other … Continue reading

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Highland

Location Map for Highland Plantation

The Lexington-Highland fire station is located at a small settlement is at the junction of Sandy Stream Road with the Long Falls Dam Road about 32 miles northwest of Skowhegan. See photos. The small assessors office appears to have been a one-room schoolhouse. Continue reading

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Hildreth, Horace A.

Horace A. Hildreth (courtesy Maine State Museum)

  (1902-1988 ) born in December 1902 in Gardiner, the son of an attorney, attended local schools before graduating from Bowdoin College in the class of 1925 and receiving his LL.B. from Harvard in 1928. In Boston he joined the … Continue reading

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Hill, John Freemont

John Fremont Hill (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1855-1912) born in Eliot on October 29, 1855, was Maine governor from 1901 to 1905. Educated in local schools, he attended the Maine Medical School of Brunswick receiving his degree in 1877. Although he practiced medicine for a year in … Continue reading

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Hinds, Asher

Asher Crosby Hinds (1863-1919) a U.S. Representative, was born in Benton on February 6, 1863. He attended the public schools and Coburn Classical Institute, was graduated from Colby College in 1883. He began newspaper work in Portland in 1884. Hinds … Continue reading

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Hiram

Location Map for Hiram

The villages of Hiram and East Hiram are divided by the Saco River. Nearby Mount Cutler sports a hiking trail; a chain of ponds hugs the western border above South Hiram. Raymond Cotton, a storekeeper and author, made many home movies. See photos & 1938 video on blueberry farming. The community buildings (churches, library, grange, museum) are within walking distance in Hiram village. Continue reading

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Historic Preservation Commission, Maine

Maine Historic Preservation Commission (2001)

The Commission is responsible for the identification, evaluation, and protection of Maine’s significant cultural resources as directed by the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. It is located at 55 Capitol Street in Augusta. It consists of eleven members as … Continue reading

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Hobbstown Township

Hobbstown Township Location Map

This township (T4 R6 BKP  WKR) in Somerset County contains most of Spencer Lake, along with the 2400-foot Spencer Mountain west of the Lake, and the 2300-foot Hardscrabble Mountain east of the Lake. With no village settlement, it is primarily … Continue reading

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Hockey

High School Hockey (2004)

Consecutive Championships School No. Year St. Dominic 11 1947-1957 Waterville 5 1969-1973   Year No Class 1927-1976 Year Class A Year Class B 1927 Waterville 1977 Lewiston 1977 Biddeford 1928 Waterville 1978 Saint Dominic 1978 Winslow 1929 Lewiston 1979 Waterville … Continue reading

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Hodgdon

Location Map for Hodgdon

a farming community, lies just south of Houlton on U.S. 1 where the South Branch of the Meduxnekeag River flows north to an eventual outlet in Canada. See photos. Most of the Lt. Gordon Manuel Wildlife Management Area, including the related dam and the Hodgdon Deadwater, lies in the southwestern portion of Hodgdon. Continue reading

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Holden

Location Map for Holden

The town has substantial frontage on Brewer Lake, which is shared with neighboring Orrington. At East Holden, where Maine Route 46 crosses 1A, a commercial area has blossomed in recent years. See photos. Administrative offices, library, and museum of the Grand Lodge of Maine Masons are located at the crossroads. Continue reading

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Holeb Township

Location Map for Holeb Township

Holeb was and is a place for harvesting forest products. Amos A. Logging crews and camps were here and in the 19th century. See photos. Most of the shores on Attean and Holeb Ponds, and a significant length of the Moose River including Holeb Falls, lie within the Maine Public Reserved Lands. Canoe trips are frequent. Continue reading

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Holland, Cornelius

(1783-1870) a U.S. Representative, was born in Sutton, Massachusetts on July 9, 1783. He attended the common schools, studied medicine and began his practice in Livermore in 1814. Holland moved to Canton in 1815 also engaging in agricultural pursuits. A … Continue reading

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Hollis

Location Map for Hollis

Just 10 miles northwest of Biddeford-Saco, the town was the summer home of Kate Douglas Wiggin, author of Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm among others. See photos. Her house is now the library. Wildfires of 1947 wiped out many historic homes, so only about 20% of all houses are older 50 years. The village with most commercial development is Hollis Center, with restaurants, gasoline stations, a food market and other service businesses. Poland Spring bottling plant was the only substantial industrial use in Hollis as of 2004. Continue reading

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Holmes, John

John Holmes, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1773-1843) was a Representative from Massachusetts and a Senator from Maine; born in Kingston, Massachusetts, March 14, 1773. He attended the Kingston public schools; graduated from Rhode Island College (now Brown University), Providence, Rhode Island, in 1796. He studied law, … Continue reading

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Homer, Winslow

Homer Cottage (2002)

1836 Birth in Boston 1854? Lithography workshop 1857 Free-lancing, Harper’s Weekly 1859 National Academy of Design 1862 Artist for Harper’s 1863+ Civil War paintings, Harper’s 1866 Prisoners from the Front 1867 Homer returns to New York 1872 Snap the Whip. … Continue reading

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Hope

Location Map for Hope

Located just northwest of Camden on Maine Routes 105 and 235, Hope has a cluster of lakes and ponds attractive to summer vacationers. See photos. The town’s population has more than tripled since 1970, and in the 2000-2010 decade continued growing by over 17 percent. The town hosts at least one extensive orchard featuring apples and pears, among other products. Continue reading

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Hope Island

Hope Island East Shore South End (2015)

This mile-long, 89-acre island is near the southwest shore of Great Chebeague Island. It has been a part of the City of Portland, the Town of Cumberland, and the Town of Chebeague. In 1935 Hope Island, then part of the … Continue reading

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Houlton

Location Map for Houlton

In 1828 a military post was established and the military road to supply the post was completed in 1832. The garrison stayed until the Webster-Ashburton treaty was completed in 1842. See photos. Served by the New Brunswick and Canada Railway as late as 1886. By 1894 the new Bangor and Aroostook Railroad connected the town to central Maine. The “Houlton Band” of the Maliseet Indians has its tribal offices near the Canadian border. Continue reading

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Housing

Chart Home Ownership Maine and US

Maine home ownership in 2010 was 73.8%, compared with 66.9% for the U.S. as a whole. It had dropped from 75.3% in 2006, just before the recession in the housing market. In 2000, the U.S. rate was 76.5 and Maine’s … Continue reading

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Howard, Oliver O.

Oliver O. Howard

Oliver Otis Howard was born in Leeds, November 8, 1830. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1850 and from the U.S. Military Academy in 1855. On the outbreak of the Civil War, Howard, an opponent of slavery, resigned his regular … Continue reading

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Howells, William Dean

William Dean Howells House at Kittery Point (2013)

William Dean Howells (1837-1920) was a prolific author, editor, and literary critic. While not a legal Maine resident, his connections to the state include his relationship with Maine-based writers, his two decades at the summer place in Maine at Kittery … Continue reading

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Howland

Location Map for Howland

Att the junction of the Piscataquis River with the Penobscot, and Seboeis Stream with the Piscataquis, it once had a thriving paper mill, The Advance Bag and Paper Company. See photos. The old mill remains empty. Maine Inland Fisheries and Wildlife supervises the Old Pond Farm Wildlife Management Area featuring eagles, osprey, deer, moose, and water birds. Continue reading

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Hubbard, John

John Hubbard (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1794-1869) of Hallowell, was born in Readfield March 22, 1794. His father, a physician and farmer, though once prosperous, fell on hard times and lost much of his property. Hubbard had little high school education, but decided to improve himself … Continue reading

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Hudson

Location Map for Hudson

Little Pushaw Pond is in the northwest portion of the town. Pushaw Stream flow from it to Pushaw Lake in the southeast. See photos. Hudson is a growing community in a rural setting with easy access to Bangor and to the University of Maine in Orono. Continue reading

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Hunton, Jonathan

Jonathan G. Hunton (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1781-1851) was born in Unity, New Hampshire on March 14, 1781. After early education in the common schools, he moved to Readfield as a young man to study law with his uncle, Samuel P. Glidden, the first lawyer in that … Continue reading

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