Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "E"

E Township

Location Map for E Township

once a plantation in Aroostook County organized in 1898, nearly 100 years later, on July 1, 1990, it surrendered its organization to again become an unorganized territory. It is located just southwest of Mars Hill and directly west of Blaine. Access is on the E Plantation Road, which is the only improved road in E Township. Continue reading

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Eagle Lake

Location Map for Eagle Lake

settled 1840’s by Acadian-French and Irish immigrants, it was named for the many eagles at the Lake by a Major Strickland during the Aroostook War. Eagle Lake spawns the Fish River, which empties into the St. John River at Fort Kent. See photos. It is the birthplace and residence of former Maine House Speaker John L. Martin. Continue reading

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Eagle Lake Township

Locomotives at the Tramway Site (1978)

Not to be confused with the town of Eagle Lake  in Aroostook County, Eagle Lake Township lies to the southwest in Piscataquis County. It too has frontage on another waterbody named Eagle Lake and includes part of the Allagash Wilderness … Continue reading

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Eagle, Bald

Bald Eagle Surveying the Kennebec River (2005)

The Bald Eagle, symbol of the United States of America and once threatened with extinction, has made a substantial comeback. It is now listed as “threatened” rather than “endangered.” The St. Croix River, bordering Canada in Washington County, has a … Continue reading

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Earthquakes

Earthquakes in Maine, Maine Geological Survey

in Maine have been relatively mild since the reported “big one” on November 18, 1755, which was felt widely across New England and did great damage in Massachusetts. On April 20, 2002 people in Maine felt their houses shaking at … Continue reading

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East Machias

Location Map for East Machias

in Washington County, incorporated 1826. Benjamin Foster built a house here in 1765 and served in the Revolutionary War. Washington Academy, a private boarding school serving grades 9-12, was established in 1792 and is one of the oldest academies in Maine. See photos. Continue reading

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East Millinocket

Location Map for East Millinocket

Truly a company town, as is Millinocket, its incorporation followed Great Northern’s development of the paper mill and ground wood mill in 1906. Once a source of well-paid employment, the mill has been under economic pressure, a partial cause of population loss of over 3 % during the 1970-2010 period. It is just west of Medway off I-95 in Aroostook County. Continue reading

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Eastbrook

Sign: Town Line, Entering Eastbrook from Waltham (2003)

in Hancock County, incorporated 1837, Settled in 1800, an early settler built the first house and established its first mill. In 1886 Eastbrook had four mills – two sawmills, one producing staves, and one manufacturing shingles. It still has several historically significant buildings. See photos. Lyle Frost Wildlife Management Area offers canoeing; wildlife to be seen: eagles, deer and water birds. Continue reading

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Eastern Phoebe

Eastern Phoebe in Harpswell (2011)

This seven-inch gray bird with brown wings returns to southern Maine in early spring to build its nest, often in the usual place unless it has been destroyed. The insect eating Phoebe makes its news under overhanging structures, such as … Continue reading

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Easton

Location Map for Easton

In the 1970s Easton was the site of a failed attempt to establish a sugar beet refinery to diversify dependence on the potato economy. The McCain Foods, U.S.A. facility and the J. M. Huber Corporation’s Engineered Woods plant provide local employment. Easton, in Aroostook County, incorporated in 1865. Continue reading

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Eastport

Location Map for Eastport

is on Moose Island at the end of a peninsular surrounded by Cobscook Bay and Passamaquoddy Bay. See video and photos. Visited by European fishermen and traders in the 1600’s, the area was settled in 1772. A proposed oil refinery was rejected based on concerns about oil spills and environmental threats. Once a fish canning center (the first sardine cannery in the U.S. opened in 1875), the city struggles against its isolated location. The historic downtown has undergone substantial restoration. Continue reading

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EBEEMEE Township

Cottages on the East Branch of the Pleasant River (2014)

Just north of Brownville on Route 11, this township contains the East Branch of the Pleasant River which feeds the connected West Pond, Pearl Pond and Ebeemee Lake. Small year-round and seasonal cottages are located on the access roads and … Continue reading

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Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy

(1865-1946), a historian of the Penobscot Indians, was born in Brewer. She also wrote historical articles about the lumber and fur industries in the Penobscot Valley. She was respected for her exact research on the history of the Penobscot Indians, … Continue reading

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Economic Data

Agriculture Number of farms and acreage since 1930 Agricultural Subsidies Paid to Maine Farms 1999-2001 Labor Force Employment by Industrial Sector Employment by Top 50 Employers Labor Force, Employed and Unemployed Since 1976 Unemployment Rate: US, New England, Maine Since … Continue reading

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Economy

Haying in Western Maine (George French Collection, Maine State Archives)

The Maine economy has passed through stages typical of most states, with an initial focus on extractive activities (fishing, logging, slate and granite quarrying, other mining, and ice harvesting), and moving from subsistence farming to substantial agricultural development (apples, blueberries … Continue reading

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Economy, Labor History

Panel 1

People who have worked on farms, in forests, on the seas, in mills, factories and offices — all have contributed to the Maine economy over the past nearly four centuries.  In the twenty-first century more people are working in commercial, … Continue reading

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Eddington

Location Map for Eddington

in Penobscot County, settled 1780 and incorporated 1811, has frontage on two major ponds, Chemo and Davis and hosts Katahdin Scout Reservation, known as Camp Roosevelt. Eddington village has been known as Eddington Bend for the sharp curve in the Penobscot River. Continue reading

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Edgecomb

Location Map for Edgecomb

Overlooking the Sheepscot River and the Narrows at the entrance to Wiscasset Harbor, Fort Edgecomb’s tower has a 360 degree view of the water and countryside. See photos. Settlers arrived in 1744; the town incorporated in 1774. Population has more than doubling, during the decades 1970-2010. Continue reading

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Edinburg

Location Map for Edinburg

in Penobscot County, settled in 1827, incorporated 1835 is bound on the east by the Penobscot River and lies opposite the entrance of the Passadumkeag River. The river, attractions of rural life, and the proximity of the University of Maine and the City of Bangor, may be forces contributing to recent development in the community. See photos. Continue reading

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Egrets

Great Egret (2010)

The Great Egret and the Snowy Egret are both well-known birds along the Maine Coast. Egrets are part of the heron family. Great Egret This egret is all white with a yellow bill and black legs. Its length of 35-41 … Continue reading

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Eider, Common

“Best known for its soft, warm down”, the large diving sea-duck common eider, according to Audubon*, is “most easily observed because of its tendency to remain close to shore and its relative abundance, especially in northeastern North America. This cold … Continue reading

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Election Ballot Samples, Issues

Referendum Ballot, Complete the Arrow, Machine Counted

The following are samples of ballots used in issue elections, such as constitutional amendements, citizen initiated questions, bond issues, and issues proposed by the legislature.

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Elections

 If the fire engines are parked outside on a weekday, you can be pretty sure they’re voting inside. . . . Voting in Maine is fun. It is neighborly. It is seeing people, and swapping news, as well as being … Continue reading

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Elections, Campaign Debates

Candidates for Governor Selections from Maine Public Broadcasting Network Debate, November 1, 2006 This election debate was co-sponsored by the Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center and hosted by Fred Bever. Responses are complete but each selection has been condensed by … Continue reading

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Elections, Campaign Media

Maine Republican Party Headquarters in Hallowell 2002

Roadside signs are a long tradition in Maine elections. With the outlawing of billboards in the 1970’s, they have played an important role in at least raising candidates’ name recognition, and for the appearance of broad support. Paid politial campaign … Continue reading

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Elections, Congressional Districts

Congressional Districts for Elections 2004-2010

Maine once had as many as eight members of the U.S. House of Representatives, thus eight congressional districts.  When Maine achieved statehood in 1820, Congress assigned the new state one At-Large Representative, leaving Massachusetts with its allotted 20 Representatives. In … Continue reading

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Elections, Governor Results

Elections for governor were initially held annually. In 1880, a two-year term was introduced and lasted through 1958, when four-year terms were instituted. (See election procedures.) The tables below report the election year, votes for Democrats, Republicans, and the next … Continue reading

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Elections, Initiatives

No on Resort Casino Sign, November, 2003

Votes on citizen initiatives since 1911 The state constitution allows citizens to place issues on the statewide ballot by petition. In its first thirty-seven years, only six initiated bills qualified to be placed on a ballot; only two passed. In … Continue reading

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Elections, President Results

Presidential Elections 1828-2016

Here are the results of presidential elections in Maine since 1824. Party abbreviations under “Other”: SL=Socialist Labor; C=Communist; SLC=Socialist Labor and Communist (totals combined); ND=National Democrat; IND=Independence; ST=Single Tax. The various early “parties” came and went rather frequently in the … Continue reading

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Elections, Referenda

Wind Power Bond Issue (June 2010)

Votes on referenda since 1911 Most items placed on issue ballots are referenda proposed by the legislature, and most of those are bond issues seeking authorization to borrow large amounts of money over 5, 10, 20 or more years. A … Continue reading

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Electoral College

Program, 2004 Maine Electoral College, p. 1

Unlike state elections, the popular vote for President and Vice President of the United States does not directly determine the winners. The final determination is made by a group of 538 people distributed among the fifty states, based on the … Continue reading

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Electoral College, Maine Law

Maine Law, Title 21-A, regarding Presidential Electors [Governing the procedure for the Electoral College in Maine 2004] §801. Election In a presidential election year, the presidential electors shall be chosen at the general election. 1. Vote for presidential candidate construed. … Continue reading

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Eliot

Location Map for Eliot

in York County, settled in the 1630s, on the east side of the Piscataqua River dividing Maine from New Hampshire, is a growing residential community serving Kittery and Portsmouth. See photos. Its population expanded by almost 12% in the 1990-2000 decade. Eliot was home to Maine’s first Quaker Meetinghouse built in 1776. Continue reading

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Eliott, Maxine

Miss Maxine Elliott, c. 1905

Motion pictures . . . The Eternal Magdalene (1919) The Fighting Odds (1917) When the West Was Young (1913) A Doll for the Baby (1913) Samaritan (1913) (1873-1940) was born as Jessie C. Dermott in Rockland on February 5, 1873. … Continue reading

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Elliotsville Township

View from the Trail

was incorporated as a town, February 19, 1835 but its incorporation was repealed May 26, 1858. Later reorganized as a plantation, January 3, 1887, it was deorganized March 31, 1983. Elliottsville is home to more than a dozen small ponds … Continue reading

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Ellsworth

Location Map for Ellsworth

Settled in 1763, it has relied on lumbering, shipbuilding, and industry to support its economy. The classic Grand Theater has been saved as an active movie and performance space. See photos. At the confluence of seven highway routes, the city is a shopping center for the area and summer tourism. The Col. John Black Mansion, a modified Georgian design, was home to the land agent for William Bingham. Continue reading

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Elver Landings

Elver Landings 1994-2011

Elvers are young eels. According to the Maine Department of Marine Resources, “After spawning, the adult eels die. The eggs hatch after several days and develop into a larval stage (leptocephalus) which is shaped like a willow leaf. The larvae … Continue reading

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Embden

Location Map for Embden

The first white people arrived in the 1770’s, making settlements along the Kennebec River. Embden Pond, in the shadow of Dunbar Hill, dominates the northwest portion of the town. The shoreline is dotted with many cottages and is active in the summer with swimming, boating, and water skiing. See photos. The town has shown consistent population growth in each of the four decades 1970-2010. Continue reading

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Emery, David F.

(1948- ) a U.S. Representative was born in Rockland on September 1, 1948. He attended public schools, and earned a B.S. from Worcester (Massachusetts) Polytechnic Institute in 1970. Emery served as a Representative in Maine Legislature from 1970 to 1974. … Continue reading

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Emmons, Chansonetta Stanley

(1858-1937) was a gifted early 20th century photographer. She was born on December 30, 1858 in Kingfield, the only daughter of Apphia and Solomon Stanley Emmons’s seven children. Chansonetta was nicknamed Netta, because her French-inspired name meaning, “little song” was … Continue reading

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Employment by Industry

Change in Employment Sectors 1990-2010

In 1990 Trade (17.5%) and Manufacturing (17.4%) constituted the largest employment sectors in the Maine economy. By 2010, Manufacturing had faded to 8.6%, and the top two employment sectors were Trade (17%) and Education and Health Services (20.2%).  During the … Continue reading

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Employment, Top 50 Employers

Top 50 Employers 2014

The rank of private sector employment by Maine firms varies with both long- and short-term trends in the economy. The table below is a snapshot of the fifty largest private employers in Maine in the first quarter of 2012 and … Continue reading

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Enfield

Location Map for Enfield

Henry David Thoreau traveled through the town in 1846 on his way to Mount Katahdin. Enfield is the birthplace of Arthur R. MacDougall, Jr., author of the Dud Dean stories of a fictional Maine Guide. Along with other communities in the area, people in Enfield are heavily involved in forest management and logging. Continue reading

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Environment, Superfund Sites

In general, “A Superfund site is an uncontrolled or abandoned place where hazardous waste is located, possibly affecting local ecosystems or people.”1 A federal Superfund site is any land in the United States that has been contaminated by hazardous waste … Continue reading

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Etna

Location Map for Etna

Etna Campground, since disbanded, was the site, at Etna Pond, of annual summer meetings of spiritualist beginning in 1876. In 1928 Camp Katahdin for boys, founded by Douglas W. Crate, Sr., opened at the pond. The town, in Penobscot County, incorporated in 1820 Continue reading

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Eustis

Location Map for Eustis

In 1775 the area had been the scene of Benedict Arnold’s march to Quebec. He was accompanied by Col. Timothy Bigelow, who returned to the area and for whom Bigelow Mountain is named. Eustis village in the north of the township, is on the North Branch of the Dead River and is the smaller of the two villages, the other being Stratton. Continue reading

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Evans, George

George Evans

(1797-1867) a Representative and a Senator from Maine, was born in Hallowell on January 12, 1797. He was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1815, he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and practiced in Gardiner. He served as a … Continue reading

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Evergreen Cemetery

One of the Substantial Mausoleums in Evergreen (2002

Established by the City of Portland in 1854, the cemetery was designed by Charles H. Howe as a rural landscape with winding carriage paths, ponds, footbridges, gardens, chapel, funerary art and sculpture. It also includes extensive wooded wetlands. Evergreen was … Continue reading

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Executive Branch

The governor heads the executive branch of Maine government, which is composed of the Executive Department and the various specialized departments. (The other branches are the judicial and the legislative.) Executive agencies have been frequently “reorganized” with mergers, divisions, and … Continue reading

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Executive Orders

Governor

Executive Orders are official acts of a governor to establish policies and practices for the Executive Branch in the administration of state government.  These Orders may direct that certain actions be taken, that emergencies be dealt with in a prescribed … Continue reading

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Exeter

Location Map for Exeter

Uncharacteristic for most Maine towns, Exeter has neither a lake, pond or mountain of note. Maine combined Routes 11 and 43 zigs and zags in a generally east-west direction through the town. The economy is a mix between agriculture and work in the Bangor area service industries. Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Education

Average Maine Teacher Salaries

Compared to all other states and the District of Columbia, Maine ranks relatively high when considering the number of students per teacher and on the amount spent per pupil. However, Maine ranks very low when comparing teacher salaries.  It does … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Education, Graduation Rates

Big Schools Size and Graduation Rate

The U.S. Department of Education released a report November 26, 2012 “detailing state four-year high school graduation rates in 2010-11 – the first year for which all states used a common, rigorous measure.” The new calculation, the Department emphasized, is … Continue reading

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Township E

Location Map for TWP E in Franklin County

Township E is south of Sandy River Plantation, host to the next northerly section of the AT after Township D. (E Township is a different township in Aroostook County.) Township E, almost triangular in shape,  extends eight miles from Long … Continue reading

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