Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Insects, Browntail Moth

Browntail Moth Larva (2017)

According to the Maine Forest Service the browntail moth was accidentally introduced into Somerville, Massachusetts from Europe in 1897.  By 1913, the insect had spread to all New England states, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.  Populations of this pest slowly … Continue reading

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Katahdin, Mount

A "Lake" of Fog under Katahdin (August 2014)

It was like sitting in a chimney and waiting for the smoke to blow away. It was, in fact, a cloud-factory,– these were the cloud-works, and the wind turned them off done from the cool, bare rocks. [Thoreau] is the … Continue reading

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Kineo, Mount

Map of Kineo Location on Moosehead Lake (1922)

From the 1922 USGS 15 Minute Series, Moosehead Lake, ME Quadrangle, Northwest Corner, from the University of New Hampshire Dimond Library online, accessed 7/24/2004, at http://docs.unh.edu/nhtopos/MooseheadLake.htm The Kineo Cottage Row Historic District is a collection of seven wood-framed cottages built … Continue reading

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MacDonald, Moses

(1815-1869) a U.S. Representative, was born in Limerick on April 8, 1815. He received an academic education, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1837 and began his practice in Biddeford in 1837. A member of the Maine House … Continue reading

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MacDougall, Arthur R., Jr.

(1896-19??) was born in the rural and forested community of Enfield on August 16, 1896, the son of a master carpenter. His father had emigrated from Scotland and, in the “new world” had evangelical ministry. His mother was Nellie Rosilla … Continue reading

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Machias

Location Map for Machias

The town, and its Burnham Tavern, was the site of anti-British plotting resulting in capturing the schooner Margaretta. The Tavern was built in 1770, the only building in eastern Maine directly connected with the American Revolution. The Washington County seat, it is located on the Machias River, the engine of its earlier lumbering and shipbuilding industries. Once a haven for pirates, and now a commercial center, it is home to the University of Maine at Machias. Continue reading

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Machiasport

Location Map for Machiasport

The town lies primarily on the west side of Machias Bay as the Machias River enters the Bay. It offers many sheltered harbors including the well known Bucks Harbor. Machiasport was at the center of controversy in the late 1960’s when an oil terminal was proposed, unsuccessfully, for the quiet coastal community. Continue reading

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Mackworth Island

Gatehouse on Mackworth Island (2003)

is in Falmouth and hosts the Baxter School for the Deaf, public reserved land, and the former summer home of Governor Percival Baxter. Approximately 100 acres, it is connected to the mainland by a causeway at the mouth of the … Continue reading

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MacMillan, Donald B.

Model of the Schooner Bowdoin at Bowdoin College (2013)

Donald Baxter MacMillan (1872-1970), though born in Provincetown, Massachusetts, lived in Freeport as a boy, and graduated from Freeport High School and Bowdoin College in Brunswick.  He later taught at schools in Maine and Massachusetts. After joining Admiral Robert E. … Continue reading

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Macwahoc

Location Map for Macwahoc

The name (the Indian term for “bog” or “wet ground”) is appropriate since the main village lies at the north end of a bog on Molunkus Stream. See photos. The township has some frontage on Molunkus Lake. A 485 acre section of Maine Public Reserved Land is here. Continue reading

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Madawaska

Location Map for Madawaska

was named for the river whose Indian name means “having its outlet among the reeds” and “worn out grass (land).” A monument marks the landing of the Acadians. Its main street, U.S. Route 1, is dominated by Fraser Paper Company, whose plant straddles the border with Edmunston, New Brunswick. Agriculture remains a significant portion of the economy. Most residents in this heavily Catholic community are fluent in French and have extended family members in Canada. Continue reading

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Madison

The site of many mills in its history, its largest has been a paper mill at the dam where U.S. Route 201 crosses the Kennebec River from Anson. Until the end of the log drives in 1976, the river was often choked with pulp logs destined for this mill and others. The Lakewood Summer Theater, opened in 1901 in East Madison. Benedick Arnold passed through on his way to Quebec. Continue reading

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Madrid TWP

Location Map for Madrid

gave up its municipal status on July 1, 2000 since it was unable to sustain the expenses associated with being an organized town. The Appalachian Trail cuts through the northwest corner of the township, passing over The Horn, a mountain just northeast of Saddleback Mountain. Continue reading

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Magalloway Plantation

Location Map for Magalloway Plantation

Named for the Malecite Indian word for “caribou,” it is located on the New Hampshire border, with substantial frontage on Umbagog Lake and on Upper and Lower Lower Richardson Lakes. A section of Maine Public Reserved Land sits just north of the Lake Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge on that lake’s Sunday Cove. The plantation is accessible from Maine Route 16 in Lincoln Plantation. Continue reading

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Maine Maritime Academy

Harold Alfond Student Center (2001)

is a college located in Castine created primarily to educate and train students for service in the U.S. Merchant Marine. Former Governor Kenneth M. Curtis, once its President, is a distinguished graduate. According to the statute establishing Maine Merchant Marine … Continue reading

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Maine State Symbols

Maine State House (2001)

Each state has its “official state” you-name-it, and Maine is no exception. These symbols are intended to convey the spirit and essence of the natural environment and cultural heritage of Maine. Each has its own story and myths. Often the … Continue reading

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Maine, U.S.S.

U.S.S. Maine Memorial (2014)

was the United States battleship that steamed past the lighthouse in Havana (Cuba) Harbor  in January, 1898. In a few weeks the U.S.S. Maine was destroyed  there on February 15, 1898 by an explosion. A memorial is in a small … Continue reading

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Malaga Island

Malaga Island off Phippsburg (USGS map 1894)

One of the more shameful episodes in Maine history is the treatment of the black residents of Malaga Island, in the New Meadows River just off Phippsburg. Benjamin Darling, a freed slave, bought the nearby Horse Island in 1794. His … Continue reading

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Mammals

Maine’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife has developed a summary table describing well-known mammals that make their home in the state.  To expand  that effective presentation, we have added some creatures to the table. Features Size Habitat Food Litter … Continue reading

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Manana Island

Location of Manana and Monhegan

[like BANANA] is part of Monhegan Plantation, just across Monhegan Harbor. It has no major buildings, except for the Fog Signal. The long ramp that runs from the harbor to the Fog Station is the “road” for supplies and fuel. … Continue reading

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Manchester

Location Map for Manchester

Still a basically rural community, Manchester has maintained its old 1793 North Manchester Meetinghouse. It also features a sustainable forestry project within a few hundred yards of the Meetinghouse on Scribner Hill Road. A suburb of Augusta, the town has substantial frontage on the northern half Cobbosseecontee Lake. Continue reading

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Map Cabinet

Map of Maine 1778

The Map Cabinet offers selected images of historic maps of Maine. Most are from the Library of Congress where higher resolution versions are available by following the links listed under “Sources” below. The Library’s “permalinks” are permanent links to the … Continue reading

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Map of Municipalities

Map of Maine Minor Civil Divisions

Maine has nearly 500 municipalities – cities, towns, and plantations. The forms of local government vary, but each municipality is placed within one of Maine’s sixteen counties. To go to an article describing a particular municipality, move the cursor over … Continue reading

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Maple Sugar

Maple Trees Tapped for Maple Syrup on Route 6 in Carroll Plantation (2014)

Maine has a significant portion of the maple sugaring and maple syrup industry with 14% percent of the U.S. production in 2014.  Vermont produced 40%, and New York, 18%. Big Six Township, in northern Somerset County, is said to account … Continue reading

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Mapleton

Location Map for Mapleton

is a town in Aroostook County, incorporated in 1880 from Mapleton Plantation. The early settlers, arriving in about 1836, were from New Brunswick. Potatoes have been a major part of its economy in the 19th and 20th centuries. The Aroostook War of the 1840s discouraged settlement until the 1850s. Continue reading

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Marble, Sebastian S.

Sebastian S. Marble (Senate President photo, Maine State Archives)

was born on March 1, 1817 in Dixfield and attended local schools and Waterville Academy before deciding to study law. He was admitted to the Maine Bar in 1843 and after two years of traveling and teaching in the west … Continue reading

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Margaretta

Map: 1785 Survey of Machias Bay

On May 9, 1775, Captain James Moore sailed the British warship, the Margaretta, into Machias harbor with news of the battles of Lexington and Concord. The vessel had traveled to Maine to insure that a load of lumber was delivered … Continue reading

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Mariaville

Location Map for Mariaville

The town, with substantial frontage on Graham Lake and the east and west branches of the Union River, was named for William Bingham’s daughter Maria. With over 17% of its area covered with water, it is one of the most water-covered non-coastal towns in the state. While somewhat remote twelve miles north of Ellsworth, the town has a small but consistently growing population. Continue reading

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Mars Hill

Mars Hill mountain with Wind Turbines from U.S. Route 1 in Blaine (2014)

As with many rural Maine towns, Mars Hill is a community of pickup trucks as an essential tool of the farm economy. See photos. It shares a main street, U.S. Route 1, with neighboring Blaine. Mars Hill is located on the Prestile Stream where U.S. Route 1 forks to Presque Isle and Route 1A leads to Fort Fairfield. Established in the 1960’s, the Big Rock Ski Area on Mars Hill was purchased in 2000 by the Maine Winter Sports Center. Continue reading

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Marshall, Alfred

(ca. 1797-1868) a U.S. Representative, was born in New Hampshire about 1797. A member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1827, 1828, 1834, and 1835, he served as a general in the State militia. Marshall was elected as a … Continue reading

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Marshfield

Location Map for Marshfield

The main village lies just north of Machias on Maine Route 192 and on the Middle River, which empties into the Machias River. The captured British schooner Margaretta was hidden by being hauled out of sight up the Middle River. Marshfield is dotted with small lakes and the marshes that reflect its name. Continue reading

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Martin, John L.

(1941 –    ) was born in Eagle Lake June 5, 1941 and attended local schools. He received his B.A. in History and Government from the University of Maine at Orono in 1963, and did advanced graduate study in Political Science … Continue reading

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Masardis

Location Map for Masardis

The Aroostook River flows northward through the middle of the township and by the village of Masardis. The small Pollard Flat Wildlife Management Area lies on the west bank of the river north of the village. A boat launch provides access to Scopan (formerly Squa Pan) Lake. Most of the Lake is in adjoining Scopan Township. Continue reading

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Mason, Moses, Jr.

(1789-1866) a U.S. Representative was born in Dublin, New Hampshire on June 2, 1789. He moved with his parents to Bethel in 1799, attended the common schools, studied medicine, and commenced practice in Bethel in 1813. Mason was appointed first … Continue reading

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Mathilde, Molly

(c1665-1717) was named Pidianiske at birth by her parents who were Wabanaki Indians, which translates to “People Of The Dawn,” because they believed that the sun’s early light reaches the banks of the Penobscot River first, before it touches anywhere … Continue reading

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Matinicus Island and Criehaven Island

Location of Matinicus and Ragged Islands

[muh-TIN-ih-kuss] is an island plantation, organized on October 22, 1840, in Knox County in the Gulf of Maine 20 miles south of Rockland from which it is accessible by ferry. Its name, says Lawrence Bond, means “far off island,” from … Continue reading

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Mattawamkeag

Location Map for Mattawamkeag

The Mattawamkeag River, on which the town is located, is the largest eastern tributary of the Penobscot. See photos. The junction of the two rivers is marked by a gravel bar at the entrance to the Mattawamkeag. Thoreau, on his way to climbing Mount Katahdin, visited the area in 1847. Today, a 1,000 acre Wilderness Park is situated between the two rivers with campsites, fishing, swimming and hiking available. Continue reading

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Maxfield

Location Map for Maxfield

Maxfield is definitely “off the beaten path” in northeastern Penobscot County. No main route passes through it and the town is split by the Piscataquis River with no bridge spanning it within the town. A bridge in nearby Howland crosses the river just before it empties into the Penobscot. Continue reading

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Maxim, Hiram Stevens

(1840-1916) was born in Sangerville February 5, 1840 and was famous for inventing the machine gun, ironically a “sanguinary” (bloody) instrument of warfare. Among other things, he invented smokeless powder for guns, a gas generator, a gas headlight for locomotives, … Continue reading

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Mayall, Samuel

(1816-1892) a U.S. Representative, was born in North Gray on June 21, 1816. He attended the public schools and was tutored privately at home, later moving to Gray. A member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1845, 1847, and … Continue reading

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Mayfield Township

Location Map for Mayfield Township

Incorporated as a town in 1892, it deorganized in 1937. This township is just north of Brighton Plantation, with Mayfield Corner being the intersection of Routes 16 and 151 and the site of a village in the 19th century. It … Continue reading

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McCrate, John Dennis

(1802-1879) a U.S. Representative, was born in Wiscasset October 1, 1802. He was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1819, studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced in Damariscotta 1823-1835 and in Wiscasset 1835-1850. A member of the Maine … Continue reading

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McGillicuddy, Daniel John

(1859-1936) a U.S. Representative was born in Lewiston on August 27, 1859. He attended the common schools and was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1881, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1883 and commenced practice in Lewiston. A … Continue reading

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McIntire, Clifford Guy

(1908-1974) a U.S. Representative was born in Perham on May 4, 1908. He attended the public schools of Perham and Washburn High School, and was graduated from the University of Maine College of Agriculture at Orono in 1930. McIntire engaged … Continue reading

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McIntire, Rufus

(1784-1866) a U.S. Representative was born in York on December 19, 1784. He attended the common schools, was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1809, studied law, was admitted to the bar and began his practice in Parsonsfield in 1812. McIntire … Continue reading

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McKernan, John R. Jr.

Governor McKernan at a news conference (Maine State Archives)

(1948- ) a U.S. Representative, was born in Bangor on May 20, 1948. He attended public schools of Bangor, earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College in 1970, and his J.D. from the University of Maine School of Law in 1974. … Continue reading

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Meader, Abbott Vaughn

(1936-2004) was born in Waterville on March 20, 1936, using Vaughn Meader as his professional name in the entertainment industry. After his father’s death he was, according to his wife, sent to a brutal children’s home in Massachusetts. Thereafter he … Continue reading

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Mechanic Falls

Location Map for Mechanic Falls

Ever since a paper mill was established on the Little Androscoggin River in 1850, the town has been part of Maine’s paper making economy. See photos. One of the inventors of the Stanley Steamer automobile, Freeland O. Stanley, built some models here and was the town’s first high school principal. Continue reading

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Meddybemps

Location Map for Meddybemps

A boat launch accommodating trailers is located in Meddybemps village at the south end of the lake, which was once the site of a Native American village. Meddybemps Heath is located on near the lake in the northwest corner of the township. See photo. The Ntolonapemk, Eastern Surplus Superfund Site is located in the town. Continue reading

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Medford

Location Map for Medford

Medford Center village is the site of the very modest town office, the park with the veterans memorial, and a small church. See photos. Cold Stream, which runs through the village, provided power for a grist mill in the nineteenth century. Continue reading

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Medway

Location Map for Medway

The area was also known as Nicatou, or “the forks,” since it marks the joining of the East and West branches of the Penobscot River. Medway is midway between Bangor and the northern line of Penobscot County, hence the modern name. Once home to Congressman Michael Michaud, it is a gateway to Baxter State Park. Continue reading

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Mental Health and Mental Retardation

Bangor Mental Health Institute (2003)

This was the name of the former Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, now merged with the Department of Health and Human Services.  (Even earlier its functions were embedded in the old Department of Mental Health and Corrections.) Its … Continue reading

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Mercer

Location Map for Mercer

With forty-one residents in 1800, Mercer exploded to a population of 1,432 (its peak) by 1840. Soon thereafter, Maine’s first starch factory was established. The library and the Grange are two surviving organizations formed in the late 19th century as the population continued to decline. See photos. The town lies on U.S. Route 2 just west of Norridgewock with frontage on North Pond at its southeast corner. Continue reading

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Merganser, Common

Common Mergansers on Giles Pond in Aurora

This duck is, in fact, common throughout Maine in the summer and year round within about 40 miles of the coast from York County to Hancock County.  Lakes are their preferred habitat. Long at 22-27 inches, the common merganser has … Continue reading

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Merrill

Location Map for Merrill

The town is served by Maine Route 212 just west of Smyrna. The village of Smyrna Mills straddles the adjoining boundaries of the two towns. See photos. The Merrill Millstream Park was created from land, acquired in 1997, between the East Branch of the Mattawamkeag River and Route 212. Continue reading

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Merrymeeting Bay

Location Map for Merrymeeting Bay

Merrymeeting Bay is a broad expanse of water at the confluence of the Kennebec and Androscoggin rivers, and four smaller rivers: the Eastern (from Dresden), the Abagadasset, the Cathance (both from Bowdoinham), and the Muddy (from Topsham). In the mid-twentieth … Continue reading

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Meteorites

Meteorite from NASA

At one time or another, almost everyone in Maine has glimpsed a swift little streak of light dashing across the night sky. These are meteors, commonly called falling or shooting stars. Because they arrive at very high speeds – anywhere … Continue reading

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Mexico

Location Map for Mexico

The town, across the Swift River and the Androscoggin River from Rumford, is home to many workers in the Rumford paper mill. See photos. In the 1960’s, the mill employed over 3,000 people; by 2009 it employed less than 600. The crash in this and other manufacturing has contributed to the sharp population decline Mexico has experienced since 1970. Continue reading

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Michaud, Michael H.

Michael H. Michaud 2012

  (1955- ) is a U.S. Representative first elected in 2002, then re-elected in 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012. He was a Democratic State Senator Democrat from East Millinocket, unanimously elected Maine’s 107th Senate President on December 6, 2000 … Continue reading

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Milbridge

Location Map for Milbridge

The town lies at the mouth of the Narraguagus River where it empties into the Bay of the same name. U.S. Route 1 splits here with Route 1A. The town lies at the mouth of the Narraguagus River where it empties into the Bay of the same name. Blueberries and the Wyman Company in particular are important elements of the local economy. Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge is here. Continue reading

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Milford

The Bodwell Water Power Company Plant is a historic structure and landmark on the banks of the Penobscot River. The Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge combines bog, marsh, floodplain forest and the state’s second largest peatland. The town, across the river from Old Town, is a moderately growing residential area near the greater Bangor area and the University of Maine in Orono. Continue reading

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Millay, Edna St. Vincent

Camden Harbor from Mount Battie (2001)

(1892-1950) was born in Rockland on February 22, 1892 and moved to Camden with her family when she was twelve, graduated from Camden High School, then from Vassar College. Her mother, divorced, had little money for her three daughters, but … Continue reading

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Milliken, Carl E.

Carl E. Milliken (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1877-1961) was born on July 13, 1877 in Pittsfield, attended public schools there before graduating from Cony High School, then Bates College in the class of 1897. He went on to receive his masters degree from Harvard in 1899 before … Continue reading

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Milliken, Seth Llewellyn

(1831-1897) a U.S. Representative, was born in Montville on December 12, 1831. He attended the common schools and Waterville College [now Colby College]; was graduated from Union College, Schenectady, New York, in 1856. A member of the Maine House of … Continue reading

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Millinocket

Location Map for Millinocket

The Great Northern Paper Mill and the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad have been keys to the economic life of Millinocket for many years. See photos. The declining employment in the paper industry contributed to the steady loss of population over the past forty years – 42%. Millinocket is the gateway to Baxter State Park and its famed Mount Katahdin. Continue reading

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Milo

Location Map for Milo

Milo village lies just north of the junction of the Sebec and Piscataquis Rivers. The Pleasant River flows south through the town from Brownville to join the Piscataquis. Derby, on the east side of the Sebec River, is a service area for the Bangor and Aroostook Railroad. Continue reading

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Milton Township

Location Map for Milton TWP

This small township is surrounded by organized towns: Rumford, Bethel, Woodstock and Peru – all in Oxford County. About one mile of Route 232 is in the western corner and serves as the “Main Street” serving Milton Village. Several mountains, … Continue reading

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Mining

Tourmaline from Mt. Mica Quarry

Mining has been significant part of the Maine economy at different times in different places, thanks to its geologic composition. Granite, slate, and gem extraction have been important local industries at certain points in the state’s history. The Mt. Mica … Continue reading

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Minot

Location Map for Minot

Minot a growing community in recent decades, has become a residential commuter area for nearby Lewiston-Auburn with its location just west of Auburn. West Minot village is tucked away at the northwest edge of the community at the junction of Maine routes 119 and 124, adjacent to Hebron. The village once had an active railroad station and a grist mill. The old grange hall, community church, and railroad station keep the flavor of earlier times. Continue reading

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Mitchell, Elizabeth

Elizabeth "Libby" Mitchell

Maine state legislator and attorney, has made history in the state legislature three times. In 1980 she was elected the first woman House Majority Leader; in 1996, the first woman Speaker of the House; and in 2006 Senate Majority Leader, … Continue reading

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Mitchell, George J.

Mitchell and Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu, October 2010

(1933-  ) was born on August 20, 1933 in Waterville, where he spent his youth. After receiving his bachelor’s degree from Bowdoin College in 1954, he served as an officer in the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps until 1956. In … Continue reading

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Molly Mollasses

Sarah Molasses, Daughter of Molly Molasses and John Neptune

Mary Pelagie (1775-1867) an early 19th century Native American Penobscot woman, strove to live an autonomous life in an era in which there were numerous hindrances and hardships associated with womanhood. Existing in the late 18th to early 19th century … Continue reading

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Monhegan Island

Location of Manana and Monhegan

Attractive to artists since the late 19th century, its first draw was fish. See video and photos. After early European explorers passed by (Cabot in 1497, Weymouth and Champlain in 1605), the abundance of fish soon became apparent. Botanists have identified over six hundred varieties of wildflowers on the island. Monhegan Light was commissioned on July 2, 1824. Continue reading

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Monmouth

Location Map for Monmouth

The Theater at Monmouth, specializes in Elizabethan productions. See photos. Highmoor Farm is part of the University of Maine’s agricultural experiment station network. This growing town is located on U.S. Route 202 between Augusta and Lewiston, making it a convenient location for commuters to each city. Continue reading

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Monroe

Location Map for Monroe

Several small streams, marshes, and ponds fill the landscape in this still rural community. In 1880, with a population of 1,366, Monroe supported thirteen schoolhouses. See photos. In 2003 the Town office building also housed the library. Monroe is served by Maine Routes 139, between Brooks and Winterport, and 141 from Swanville. Continue reading

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Monson

Monson Birdseye View 1889

The Appalachian Trail runs along the northwestern portion of Lake Hebron, then veers north toward the Doughty Ponds. See photos. In Maine, “Monson” often means “slate” to those who know that its high quality products have been shipped worldwide. Continue reading

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Monticello

Monticello Village (2016)

The town’s has economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, especially potatoes. See photos. With the decline of potato farming, Monticello’s population has declined. The town’s has economy has traditionally been based on agriculture, especially potatoes, but also hay and oats in the 19th century. With the decline of potato farming, Monticello’s population has declined. It isocated about twelve miles north of Houlton on U.S. Route 1. Continue reading

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Montville

Location Map for Montville

The town seems a series of “corners” villages on Maine Route 220 from north to south: Poland’s, Bean’s, White’s, McFarland’s, and Clark’s. See photos. The Frye Mountain (Gene Letourneau) Wildlife Management Area is located in the northeast corner of the town near Poland’s Corner village. This growing community is easily linked to Belfast and Augusta via Maine Route 3. Continue reading

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Moor, Wyman Bradbury Seavy

Wyman Moore, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1811-1869) a U.S. Senator from Maine was born in Waterville, November 11, 1811. He attended the town school, prepared for college at China Academy, and graduated from Waterville College. Moor taught school for one year in St. Stephen’s, New Brunswick, … Continue reading

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Moore, Ruth

Weir in a Cove on Beals Island (2004)

1903 Birth, July 21 on Gott’s Island at the mouth of Blue Hill Bay. 1917 Goes to the mainland; stays with relatives while attending Ellsworth High School. 1921 Graduates from Ellsworth High, attends New York State College for Teachers in … Continue reading

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Moose

A Moose in its Leafy Habitat in the Mahoosuc Range of Western Maine

Most text from Jennifer Vashon, Wildlife Biologist.  Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. Images, video and supplemental text by Jim Henderson. Did You Know… ♦ A lactating cow has the highest nutritional requirements of any moose and eats over … Continue reading

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Moose River

Location Map for Moose River

Jackman’s Main Street (U.S. Route 201/Maine Route 6) merges with that of Moose River. See photos. The two towns, otherwise isolated, share a single community. The historic Moose River Congregational Church is in Jackman. The Town Office and most commercial activity lies along U.S. Route 201/Maine Route 6. The Scott Road (or the Moose River Road) proceeds east into the heart of the township. Continue reading

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Moosehorn Refuge

Sign: Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge (2004)

The Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge, a nature preserve, was established in 1937 as a refuge and breeding ground for migratory birds and other wildlife. It is the first in a chain of migratory bird refuges that extends from Maine to … Continue reading

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Moran, Edward

Edward Carleton Moran, Jr. (1894-1967) a U.S. Representative was born in Rockland on December 29, 1894. He attended the public schools and was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1917. During the First World War, he served from July 25, 1917 … Continue reading

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Moro Plantation

Location Map for Moro Plantation

is located about 24 miles west of Houlton, and north of Patten on Maine Route 11. See photos. Rockabema Lake, the source of the West Branch of the Mattawamkeag River, occupies the north central portion of the township. A Scattering of small ponds lie just north of the lake, providing a fine source of fishing. The heavily wooded area supports hunting, guides, and hunting lodges. Continue reading

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Morrill

Location Map for Morrill

Located about six miles west of Belfast, this growing community is served by Maine Routes 3 and 131. See photos. Two small ponds offer canoeing and wildlife viewing. Continue reading

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Morrill, Anson P.

Anson P. Morrill (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1803-1887), brother of Lot Myrick Morrill, a U.S. Representative, was born in Belgrade on June 10, 1803 and attended the district schools. Appointed postmaster at Dearborn, Kennebec County, he served from November 1, 1825 to June 3, 1841. He moved … Continue reading

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Morrill, Lot M.

Lot M. Morrill (courtesy Maine State Archives)

  (1813-1883), a Senator from Maine and brother of Anson Peaslee Morrill, was born in Belgrade, May 3, 1813. He attended the district schools and Waterville (now Colby) College. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1839, and … Continue reading

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Morrill, Samuel

Samuel Plummer Morrill, (1816-1892) a U.S. Representative, was born in Chesterville on February 11, 1816, attended the common schools and Farmington Academy. He studied theology; was ordained a minister and held pastorates in Farmington from 1848 to 1853. Elected in … Continue reading

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Morse Mountain

Sign Just Off Route 216 (2010)

The Bates-Morse Mountain Conservation Area is located off Route 216 in Phippsburg. A parking lot is available but no restroom facilities are provided. Managed by Bates College, it includes a spectacular view of the winding Sprague River exiting the Sprague … Continue reading

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Morse, Freeman Harlow

(1807-1891) a U.S. Representative, was born in Bath February 18, 1807; attended private schools and the academy in Bath. He was a carver of figureheads for ships. A member of the Maine House of Representatives (1840-1844), he was elected as … Continue reading

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Moscow

Location Map for Moscow

The town hosts the Wyman Hydroelectric Station, with its impressive Wyman Dam and its consequence: Wyman Lake, a bulge in the Kennebec River extending about six miles to the north between Moscow and Pleasant Ridge. See photos. Bingham and Moscow constitute a single population center at the junction of U.S. Route 201 (leading north to the Province of Quebec). Continue reading

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Mount Abram TWP

Mt. Abram Township Topographic Map

The township is immediately south of Carrabassett Valley, host to the next northerly section of the Appalachian Trail. Mount Abram Township is dominated by Mount Abraham, with the AT passing through the northwest corner. This four mile section is inaccessible … Continue reading

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Mount Battie

Mount Battie War Memorial (2001)

and the picturesque stone mountain tower, located in Camden, are rich in legend and history. In 1897, Columbus Bushwell, a Camden resident, built a carriage road to the top of the mountain. Today this old carriage road is part of … Continue reading

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Mount Chase

Mount Chase from Rt. 159 (2006)

Home to the village of Shin Pond, which lies between Lower and Upper Shin Pond, the town is served by Maine Route 159, the Shin Pond Road. See photos. Mount Chase, the mountain, rises 2,440 feet in the eastern edge of the town and dominates the horizon there. Continue reading

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Mount Desert

Location Map for Mount Desert

The town is located on Mount Desert Island, between Bar Harbor and Tremont. See map and photos. Several granite quarries were located in the town. In 1902 the Quarrymen’s Protective Union was organized. Continue reading

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Mount Desert Island

Location Map for Mount Desert Island

[mount dez-ERT] is an island in Hancock County, containing the towns of Mount Desert, Bar Harbor, Tremont, and Southwest Harbor. Though only 400 years have passed since Europeans first viewed it, the island has been visited by native people for … Continue reading

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Mount Desert, Fires of 1947

Through the summer and into the fall of 1947 Maine received only 50% of its normal rainfall. Vegetation dries; water supplies dwindled. But the autumn rains never came and by mid-October, Mount Desert Island was experiencing the driest conditions ever … Continue reading

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Mount Katahdin TWP

The Knife Edge and Beyond

After a trip of four to six months, depending on interests, style, and luck, the north-bound Appalachian Trail “thru hiker” finally arrives at Mount Katahdin’s summit in Mount Katahdin Township in Baxter State Park. Mid-October is the deadline for unrestricted … Continue reading

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Mount Vernon

Location Map for Mount Vernon

The village of West Mount Vernon, with a small church and fire department, is located at the north end of Echo Lake and the south end of Taylor Pond. See photos. In 1926, the novelist Erskine Caldwell moved to an old farmhouse in Mount Vernon, where he lived until the early 1930’s. The main village, Mount Vernon, is in the north of the town on Minnehonk Lake. Continue reading

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Mountains

The Knife Edge on Katahdin

Maine has 711 mountains over 1,000 feet high. These are the 20 highest, including the vertical distance to be climbed from base to peak.  Actual hiking distances are, of course, longer. Name County Height Above Sea Level Climb Above Base … Continue reading

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Mourning Doves

Mourning Dove (2013)

These pigeon-like birds visit home bird feeders, feasting mostly on seeds that drop to the ground. They remain year-round within about 40 miles of the coast. In summer they may be found in all but northern Piscataquis, Somerset and Aroostook … Continue reading

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Movies

Pizza Parlor in Skowhegan Redesigned

“These are feature films with Maine-related themes or locations. Please note that many titles are not known to survive, or are not available.” — Karan Sheldon, Northeast Historic Film As the Earth Turns, 1934 Back to the Woods, 1918 Beans … Continue reading

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Moxie Gore

Moxie Gore

is an unorganized township in Somerset County bordering the east bank of the Kennebec River just above The Forks Plantation.  Its odd shape earns it the name “Gore.” Moxie Stream is the outlet for Moxie Pond, which straddles The Forks … Continue reading

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Murch, Thompson Henry

(1838-1886) a U.S. Representative, was born in Hampden on March 29, 1838 and attended the common schools. He spent his early life at sea, learned the stonecutter’s trade and engaged in that occupation for eighteen years. He became editor and … Continue reading

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Muskie, Edmund S.

Edmund S. Muskie (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

(1914-1996) received a B.A. from Bates College and law degree from Cornell University, and served in the Navy in World War II. He entered politics winning a seat in the Maine House of Representatives in 1946 while practicing law in … Continue reading

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