Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Wildlife

Semipalmated Sandpiper

Semipalmated Sandpiper (2014)

This bird is one of several sandpipers in Maine.  The Semipalmated Sandpiper, described as perhaps one of the most numerous shorebirds in North America, is not a permanent resident, but is does migrate through the state. Those featured here passed … Continue reading

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Sparrows

Chipping Sparrow (2010)

Several species of sparrows abound in Maine’s collection of birds.  They include the Chipping, Song, and White-throated sparrows. All are between 5 and 7 inches long. In an unusual twist, the female and male sparrows noted here have the same … Continue reading

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Species, Endangered and Threatened

Eagles Nest Distribution 2008

Since European settlement, at least 14 species of wildlife are known to have been completely eliminated from the Maine environment. To prevent further losses, the Maine Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1975. In 1986, Maine’s first list of 23 … Continue reading

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Tree Swallow

Tree Swallow at the Viles Arboretum (2002)

remains in Maine, along the coast, near freshwater ponds, and in agricultural fields, during the summer.  Thereafter, as with many other birds, it migrates to to southern coastal states, Mexico and Central America. This one apparently decided to take up … Continue reading

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Tufted Titmouse

Tufted Titmouse

is a bird found in the southern half of Maine year-round.  Nationally, its range is essentially east of the Mississippi River. Slate gray with a white belly and a rusty area below the wings, the male, female and young Titmouse … Continue reading

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Turkeys

From an article by George Matula Wildlife Biologist, Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife Physical Characteristics The Wild Turkey is North America’s largest upland game bird. Average adult hens weigh between 8 – 12 lb. and adult toms (males) between … Continue reading

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Turtles

Maine is home to a wide variety of wildlife, including eight species of turtles, according to the Maine Herpetological Society. Several are considered common (widespread and not in danger): Eastern Painted, Midland Painted, Northern Snapping, and Musk turtles. Some are … Continue reading

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Wildlife

Maine has an abundance of wildlife in its inland areas. The State’s Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife manages many species. Throughout the state, nature preserves provide opportunities to protect and to view wild animals. Here are some links to … Continue reading

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Willets and Yellowlegs

Greater Yellowlegs in Harpswell

Willets and yellowlegs are birds similar in appearance, as are the greater and lesser yellow legs. Greater Yellowlegs As you have already guessed, “yellow legs” are a distinguishing feature of this long-billed shorebird.  It differs from the lesser yellowlegs by … Continue reading

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Woodchucks

Woodchucks in Sherman (2017)

These cute large rodents (thus a mammal) are entertaining to look at, but potentially dangerous and disruptive. A member of the squirrel family, it is also known as the “ground hog” or whistle pig. According to Scientific American, Groundhogs are … Continue reading

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Woodpeckers

Downy Woodpecker

Maine Resident Woodpeckers Four species of woodpeckers are among the birds that inhabit Maine. The essence of being a woodpecker is the use of its sharp, pointed bill for digging into trees for nesting and extracting insects. Three share the … Continue reading

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