Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Washington County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the fourteenth most populous of the sixteen counties, located on the eastern most coast of Maine. It was formed on May 1, 1790 comprising all land west from the St. Croix River to the then eastern boundary of Hancock County. Only one town, Machias, existed within its boundaries. The county lost half its territory with the formation of Aroostook County in 1838.

See an 1861 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

Currently Washington County consists of the cities of Calais and Eastport; the towns of Addison, Alexander, Baileyville, Beals, Beddington, Charlotte, Cherryfield, Columbia, Columbia Falls, Cooper, Crawford, Cutler, Danforth, Deblois, Dennysville, East Machias, Harrington, Jonesboro, Jonesport, Lubec, Machias, Machiasport, Marshfield, Meddybemps, Milbridge, Northfield, Pembroke, Perry, Princeton, Robbinston, Roque Bluffs, Steuben, Talmadge, Topsfield, Vanceboro, Waite, Wesley, Whiting, Whitneyville; the plantations of Baring, Codyville, and Grand Lake Stream; the townships of Brookton, Centerville, Edmunds, and Wesley; and two Indian Reservations: Pleasant Point and Indian Township.

The county, which harbors many coastal islands, contains a deep-water port at Eastport, the eastern most city in the United States. Its eastern boundary with the Province of New Brunswick is defined by the St. Croix River.

Washington County Courthouse (2004)

County Courthouse (2004)

Sheriff's Department in Machias (2004)

Sheriff’s Department in Machias (2004)

Machias is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.

In 2010, Washington County’s population represented 2.5% of the state’s total, with a census count of 32,856 a 3.2% decrease from 2000.


People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010)
Washington County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 32,107 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 -5.4% 3.4%
Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 33,935 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.4% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 20.1% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 18.7% 15.6%
Female persons, percent, 2009 51.4% 51.2%
White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 93.1% 96.1%
Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.6% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 4.5% 0.6%
Asians percent, 2009 (a) 0.5% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.3% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 1.7% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 91.7% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 66.7% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 4.1% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 5.4% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 79.9% 85.4%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 14.7% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 8,543 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 19.2 22.7
Housing units, 2009 23,028 704,578
Homeownership rate, 2000 77.7% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 8.8% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $68,700 $98,700
Households, 2000 14,118 518,200
Persons per household, 2000 2.34 2.39
Median household income, 2008 $31,856 $46,419
Per capita money income, 1999 $14,119 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 20.1% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Washington County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 913 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment, 2008 7,635 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 -4.9% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments, 2008 4,102 113,522
Total number of firms, 2002 4,645 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 11.3% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 406,671 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 57,127 10,371,084
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 265,342 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $7,942 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 22,748 2,045,841
Building permits, 2009 63 3,1211
Federal spending, 2008 456,413 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Washington County Maine
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 2,568.48 30,861.55
Persons per square mile, 2000 13.2 41.3
FIPS Code 029 23
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area None

1: Includes data not distributed by county.

(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/27/23029.html (accessed May 1, 2011)





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This entry was last modified: November 11, 2017 06:05 PM

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