is the fourteenth most populous of the sixteen counties, located on the eastern most coast of Maine. It was formed on May 1, 1790 comprising all land west from the St. Croix River to the then eastern boundary of Hancock County. Only one town, Machias, existed within its boundaries. The county lost half its territory with the formation of Aroostook County in 1838.
See an 1861 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.
Currently Washington County consists of the cities of Calais and Eastport; the towns of Addison, Alexander, Baileyville, Beals, Beddington, Charlotte, Cherryfield, Columbia, Columbia Falls, Cooper, Crawford, Cutler, Danforth, Deblois, Dennysville, East Machias, Harrington, Jonesboro, Jonesport, Lubec, Machias, Machiasport, Marshfield, Meddybemps, Milbridge, Northfield, Pembroke, Perry, Princeton, Robbinston, Roque Bluffs, Steuben, Talmadge, Topsfield, Vanceboro, Waite, Wesley, Whiting, Whitneyville; the plantations of Baring, Codyville, and Grand Lake Stream; the townships of Brookton, Centerville, Edmunds, and Wesley; and two Indian Reservations: Pleasant Point and Indian Township.
The county, which harbors many coastal islands, contains a deep-water port at Eastport, the eastern most city in the United States. Its eastern boundary with the Province of New Brunswick is defined by the St. Croix River.
Machias is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.
In 2010, Washinton County’s population represented 2.5% of the state’s total, with a census count of 32,856 a 3.2% decrease from 2000.
|Geography QuickFacts||Washington County||Maine|
|Land area, 2000 (square miles)||2,568.48||30,861.55|
|Persons per square mile, 2000||13.2||41.3|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area||None|
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown