Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map for Sangerville

Location Map for Sangerville

Year Population
1970 1,107
1980 1,398
1990 1,219
2000 1,270
2010 1,343
Sangerville Population Chart 1820-2010

Population Trend 1820-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 45:07:26
W. Latitude 69:18:39
Maine House District 119
Maine Senate District 4
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 39.7
Area sq. mi. (land) 38.5
Population/sq.mi. (land) 34.9
County: Piscataquis

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Sign: Welcome to Sangerville (2002)

[SANG-ehr-vil] is a town in Piscataquis County, incorporated on June 13, 1814 from the township T4 R6 NWP. It later ceded land to Guilford in 1889.

The area was settled when Phineas Ames brought his family there in 1803. He built a grist mill on Black Stream. Another early arrival, Thomas Prince, established a fulling mill. Shortly thereafter, William Farnham reportedly brought young apple trees from Garland and planted the first orchard.

Though called Amestown for Ames its earliest settler, upon incorporation it was renamed in honor of its early proprietor, Colonel Calvin Sanger of Sherborn, Massachusetts.

Church in Sangerville (2002)

Church in Sangerville (2002)

Sangerville Town Hall (2002)

Sangerville Town Hall (2002)

Bronze plaques mark the birthplaces of inventor Sir Hiram S. Maxim and mining tycoon Sir Harry Oakes, apparently a descendant of the Oakes family that had moved there by 1808.

Sangerville Post Office (2011)

Sangerville Post Office

Masonic Temple and American Legion Hall (2011)

Masonic Temple and American Legion Hall (2011)

Sangerville has been a small lumbering and agricultural community for most of its history. Adjacent to Guilford, its main village is just south of the Piscataquis River, which forms its northern boundary.

In the 1880’s Sangerville village hosted a grist mill, a sawmill, a tannery, and a woolen mill, which employed about fifty people. Elsewhere in town there were three sawmills, a shingle mill, and another grist mill.

The town has several ponds, the largest of which is Manhanock, accessible by a boat ramp off Route 23 near Sangerville village. Manhanock and Harlow (in Parkman) ponds are managed as one 595-acre water body since fish pass freely under a bridge separating the two.

The 403-acre Center Pond, a recreational area, is indeed in the center of the township and is accessible off the Silver Mills Road.  The 93-acre Marr Pond is in East Sangerville.


Medal of HonorCongressional Medal of Honor winners:

Civil War


Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

175th Anniversary Sangerville: Centeseptquinary, 1814-1989. Sangerville, Me. History Book Text Committee. 1989. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections; Maine State Library]

Bailey, Parley A., 1822-1904. Correspondence, 1864-1865. (Cataloger Note: letters written to and from Bailey and his wife Judith, and from his daughter Mary while he was serving in the Civil War.)

Dover, Foxcroft, Guilford, Sangerville, Dexter, Newport, Corinna Souvenir 1908. 1908? University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: and

Carleton, Robert, House: 75000108.PDF
Sangerville Town Hall: 91000322.PDF

Record Book of School Districts No. 3 and 5 in Sangerville, Maine, 1832-1848. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

Sangerville Sesquicentennial 1814-1964: June 13, 1964. Maine. 1964. [Maine State Library]

Schultz, Sieferd C. Guilford and Sangerville. Charleston, SC. Arcadia Publishing. c2008.

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. pp. 499-500.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Carleton, Robert, House

Sangerville Carlton House (1975)

Sangerville Carlton House (1975)

[North Main Street] The Robert Carleton House is a significant example of a late Federal style structure in an area generally settled after this style of architecture had become outdated. One of the early workers in the mills was Guy Carleton who purchased the land on which the house stands from Colonel Sanger in 1818. He had earlier begun to develop mill operations of his own in the area. They continued successfully into the 20th century as the Carleton Mills. Guy Carleton soon sold the house and land to his brother Robert who owned it until 1835. Robert Carleton was active in military affairs. He was Captain of the  Sangerville Company. He later became Major and Colonel in the Fifth Regiment, First Brigade, Third Division.* [Earle G. Shettleworth, Jr. photo]

Sangerville Town Hall

[Main Street] Sangerville’s Town Hall is among the most impressive found in Maine’s small communities. Built in 1901-02, the handsome two-story frame building exhibits a variety of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival style details.

In the mid-19th century local industries included four tanneries, four shingle mills, three sawmills, and two gristmills. However, most livelihoods appear to have involved agriculture. This pattern apparently persisted into the 1880s; a point that is illustrated by the steady population decline typical of such communities in the post-Civil War period in Maine.

However, between 1880 and 1890 Sangerville’s economic fortunes changed dramatically due to the establishment of two woolen mills. During the decade the town’s population rebounded from a low of 1,047 in 1880 to 1,236 in 1890. Equally startling is the change in valuation from just under $300,000 to nearly $450,000.

The new-found prosperity in town enabled the residents of Sangerville to erect a seat of town government complete with a large auditorium that surpassed those of most of its peers. Previously town records were likely to have been stored at private residences. At the town meeting held in March 1901, $7,500 was authorized to acquire a building lot and erect the existing structure. The town hall is one of a number of architecturally significant late 19th century buildings in Sangerville. Among these are a trio of Queen Anne houses featuring highly ornamented porches, and an elaborate Queen Anne church. Like the town hall, these buildings reflect the prosperity of the late 19th century. However, the overall Colonial Revival aspect of the town hall represents a decided shift in architectural taste.* [See photo above.]

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