Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Roque Bluffs

Location Map for Roque Bluffs

Location Map for Roque Bluffs

Year Population
1970 153
1980 244
1990 234
2000 264
2010 303
Roque Bluffs Population Chart 1900-2010

Population Trend 1900-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:37:24
W. Latitude 67:28:19
Maine House District 139
Maine Senate District 6
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 19.5
Area sq. mi. (land) 10,7
Population/sq.mi. (land) 28.3
County: Washington

Total=land+water; Land=land only

[roke BLUFS] is a town in Washington County, settled in 1763 and incorporated on March 12, 1891 from a portion of Jonesboro. Contrary to most town in Washington County, the town has been adding population during the last two decades.

Located south of Machias, the community has a long coastline on its Great Cove, Englishman Bay and Little Kennebec Bay.

Roque Bluffs State Park occupies about two miles of the shore.  Inland from the park is the Englishman River Wildlife Management Area along the eastern shore of that river.

Virtually all of the town is considered one of Maine’s “Focus Areas of Statewide Ecological Significance.” The Maine Natural Areas Program has this overview:

This area, which includes Englishman River Marsh, the Black Head Bogs, Hanscom Heath, and Great Cove Heath, is generally in excellent condition. The peatlands are scattered to the east and west of the major feature of this focus area—the extensive Englishman River tidal marsh. The total area of the Englishman River Marsh is roughly 230 acres, making it one of the larger tidal marshes in the Downeast Region.

Englishman River Tidal Marsh The most interesting feature of the Englishman River tidal marsh is the extensive mixing zone where freshwater marsh converges with salt marsh. The resulting “brackish tidal marsh” supports an interesting assemblage of plant species with characteristics of both freshwater and saltwater tidal marshes.

It also notes the presence of rare plants, high quality wildlife habitat, and the economic impact on enhancing property values and attracting tourism.

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board.

Additional resources

Maine. Department of Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry. “Focus Areas of Statewide Ecological Significance Roque Bluffs.” https://www.maine.gov/dacf/mnap/focusarea/roque_bluffs_focus_area.pdf (accessed April 4, 2013)

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This entry was last modified: April 07, 2017 08:34 PM

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