Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Piscataquis County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the least populous of the sixteen counties, located in north central Maine. Formed on April 38, 1838 from portions of Somerset and Penobscot counties. Initially it had twenty-two towns, two more were incorporated later, Dover and Foxcroft combined, and seven towns surrendered their organization, becoming townships. The well-known Baxter State Park is located on the eastern edge of the county.

The county currently consists of the towns of Abbot, Atkinson, Beaver Cove, Bowerbank, Brownville, Dover-Foxcroft, Greenville, Guilford, Medford, Milo, Monson, Parkman, Sangerville, Sebec, Shirley, Wellington, Willimantic; the plantations of Kingsbury and Lake View; and townships including Blanchard, Elliotsville, Orneville, among others. See an 1853 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

Piscataquis County Courthouse in Dover-Foxcroft (2014)

Piscataquis County Courthouse in Dover-Foxcroft (2014) @

Sheriffs Department and County Jail in Dover-Foxcroft (2014)

Sheriffs Department and County Jail in Dover-Foxcroft (2014) @

The Dover-Foxcroft is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail. In 2010, Piscataquis County’s population represented 1.3% of the state’s total, with a census count of 17,535 a 1.7% increase over 2000.

People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010)
Piscataquis County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 16,795 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 -2.6% 3.4%
Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 17,237 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.0% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 19.8% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 18.5% 15.6%
Female persons, percent, 2009 50.7% 51.2%
White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 97.8% 96.1%
Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.3% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.6% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.3% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.0% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 0.8% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 97.0% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 67.1% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 1.9% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 3.4% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 80.3% 85.4%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 13.3% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 4,271 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 22.1 22.7
Housing units, 2009 14,347 704,578
Homeownership rate, 2000 79.5% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 8.3% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $62,300 $98,700
Households, 2000 7,278 518,200
Persons per household, 2000 2.34 2.39
Median household income, 2008 $35,144 $46,419
Per capita money income, 1999 $14,374 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 16.2% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Piscataquis County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 447 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment, 2008 4,196 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 -19.0% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments, 2008 1,411 113,522
Total number of firms, 2002 1,817 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 18.2% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 173,676 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) D 10,371,084
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 150,994 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $8,748 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 11,123 2,045,841
Building permits, 2009 27 3,1211
Federal spending, 2008 152,987 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Piscataquis County Maine
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 3,966.22 30,861.55
Persons per square mile, 2000 4.3 41.3
FIPS Code 021 23
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area None

1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23021.html (accessed April 30, 2011)
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This entry was last modified: May 05, 2014 06:12 PM

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