Maine: An Encyclopedia

Lincoln Plantation

Location Map for Lincoln Plantation

Location Map for Lincoln Plantation

Year Population
1970 60
1980 50
1990 38
2000 46
2010 2,041
Lincoln Plantation Population Chart 1860-2010

Population Trend 1860-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:56:42
W. Latitude 70:59:48
Maine House District 117
Maine Senate District 18
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 36.9
Area sq. mi. (land) 32.5
Population/sq.mi. (land) 1.4
County: Oxford

Total=land+water; Land=land only
Aziscohos Dam, June, 1973

Aziscohos Dam, June, 1973


[LINK-uhn] a plantation in Oxford County, organized on July 15, 1875 from township T5 R2 WBKP.

Though organized for election purposes in 1860, its formal organization was confirmed in 1891 by the Maine legislature.

In the nineteenth century, it was a magnet for summer visitors to Parmachene Lake, a hunting and fishing resort.

The Aziscohos Dam spills water into the Magalloway River that flows through the plantation.  Population increased during the dam’s construction between 1909 and 1911, thus the spike in the 1910 census as shown in the chart.

Magalloway River (1973)

Magalloway River (1973)

Magalloway River (1973)

Magalloway River (1973)

The southern end of Aziscohos Lake, most of which is in New Hampshire, offers campsites and fishing. The area is known as Wilsons Mills.

Photos: National Archives #’s NWDNS-412-DA-8169, NWDNS-412-DA-8173, and NWDNS-412-DA-8177 respectively.

The 93-foot Bennett Covered Bridge was built in 1901 and spans the Magalloway River near Wilson Mills. It has been closed to traffic since 1985. (Photo: George French Collection, Maine State Archives.)

Bennett Covered Bridge, 1901 (c. 1935)

Bennett Covered Bridge, 1901 (c. 1935)

Form of Government: Assessors-Annual Meeting.

Additional resources

Farrar, Charles A. J. Farrar’s Illustrated Guide Book to Rangeley, Richardson, Kennebago, Umbagog, and Parmachenee lakes, the head-waters of the Connecticut, Dixville Notch, and Andover, Me., and vicinity . . . Boston. Lee and Shepard. 1882.

Farrar, Charles A. J. Wild Woods Life, or, A Trip to Parmachenee: containing The adventures of the party of Boston boys … ; a realistic story of life in the woods. Boston.Lee & Shepard. 1884. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

Haynes, George H. Rangeley Lakes, Parmachenee, Kennebago and Seven Ponds: via Boston & Maine, Maine Central Railroad and Sandy River Railroad. 1914? (Lewiston, Me. Journal Press) [Maine State Library]

Heywood, Daniel E. Diary of Daniel E. Heywood, a Parmachenee Guide at Camp Caribou, Parmachenee Lake, Oxford Co., Maine, fall of 1890. 1984. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

History of Wilsons Mills, Maine and the Magalloway Settlements. Wilsons Mills, Me. Published by the Town. 1975.

*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: and

Whittemore, William. Diaries, 1870-1876. (Cataloger Note: William Whittemore was a laborer in 1870 on a farm owned by William W. Bragg in Errol, New Hampshire. His diaries, one for 1870 and one for 1875, record his work on the farm and work as a trapper along the Magalloway River in Lincoln Township, Oxford County, Maine.

Entries are brief and record the weather and work he did on the farm during the summer and logging at the Millsfield Pond dam during the winter. He also trapped animals during the winter. Included in the 1875 diary is a list of game he caught in the winter of 1875/1876.) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Bennett Bridge

[1.5 miles south of Wilson Mills off Maine Route 16, over Magalloway River, Wilson Mills] This 1901 wooden covered bridge spans the Magalloway River as it passes near Wilson’s Mills, a section of Lincoln Plantation (T5,R2) in Oxford County. The basic engineering concept is Paddleford Truss construction, a modification of a Long Truss system.

The bridge was built to serve the several small farms, which snuggle close to the New Hampshire border, on the west side of the Magalloway. A few of these farms are still occupied, but they no longer produce. Crops of hay had been raised for the feeding of horses used in winter pulp cutting and logging operations. Tractors, trucks and skidders have replaced the horse, so these fields are reverting to forests. The bridge, closed since 1985, is owned by the Maine Department of Transportation.* [See photo above.]

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This entry was last modified: December 27, 2016 08:39 PM

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