Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Lincoln County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the thirteenth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in mid-coast Maine. Its early history is well described as follows:

Lincoln County was the most easterly of the two counties established, June 21, 1760, when York County was first divided. Its western boundary started at the eastern extremity of Casco Bay to New Meadows River, across the Carrying Place to Merrymeeting Bay and then up the Androscoggin River 30 miles and from thence north 2 degrees west to the northern limits of the province.  Its eastern boundary was the Province of Nova Scotia and extended from the sea to the unbounded northern limits of the province of Maine.

The southwest part of this new county had once been Cornwall County of the Colony of New York.  All of the towns in Cornwall County had been destroyed by the Indians before 1700.  The new towns of Georgetown and Pownalborough, and the districts of Newcastle and Woolwich were existent when Lincoln County was established. (Counties,Cities, Towns, and Plantations of Maine, pp. 39-41)

See an 1857 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

The county, which once comprised more than 90% of Maine, was later divided giving portions to Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, and Washington counties.  Its final bounday was established on April 1, 1860.

Lincoln County Courthouse (2001)

Lincoln County Courthouse (2001)

The county currently consists of the towns of Alna, Boothbay, Boothbay Harbor, Bremen, Bristol, Damariscotta, Dresden, Edgecomb, Jefferson, Newcastle, Nobleboro, Somerville, South Bristol, Southport, Waldoboro, Westport Island, Whitefield, Wiscasset; and the plantation of Monhegan.

Wiscasset is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.

In 2010, Lincoln County’s population represented 2.6% of the state’s total, with a census count of 34,457, a 2.5% increase over 2000.


People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010)
Lincoln County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 34,576 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 2.9% 3.4%
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 33,615 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 4.8% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 19.0% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent definition and source info Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 20.0% 15.6%
Female persons, percent definition and source info Female persons, percent, 2009 51.1% 51.2%
White persons, percent definition and source info White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 98.1% 96.1%
Black persons, percent definition and source info Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.3% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.3% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent definition and source info Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.5% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent definition and source info Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 0.8% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent definition and source info Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 0.8% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent definition and source info White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 97.3% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000 definition and source info Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 64.9% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent definition and source info Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 2.0% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+ definition and source info Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 2.8% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+ definition and source info High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 87.9% 85.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+ definition and source info Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 26.6% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+ definition and source info Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 6,296 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+ definition and source info Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 23.4 22.7
Housing units definition and source info Housing units, 2009 22,792 704,578
Homeownership rate definition and source info Homeownership rate, 2000 83.0% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent definition and source info Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 6.9% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units definition and source info Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $119,900 $98,700
Households definition and source info Households, 2000 14,158 518,200
Persons per household definition and source info Persons per household, 2000 2.35 2.39
Median household income definition and source info Median household income, 2008 $49,862 $46,419
Per capita money income definition and source info Per capita money income, 1999 $20,760 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent definition and source info Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 10.9% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Lincoln County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments definition and source info Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 1,464 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, 2008 8,943 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 5.1% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments definition and source info Nonemployer establishments, 2008 4,985 113,522
Total number of firms definition and source info Total number of firms, 2002 5,931 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent definition and source info Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent definition and source info Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent definition and source info Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent definition and source info Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 24.0% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments definition and source info Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 105,443 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales definition and source info Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 72,284 10,371,084
Retail sales definition and source info Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 396,690 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita definition and source info Retail sales per capita, 2002 $11,505 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales definition and source info Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 62,140 2,045,841
Building permits definition and source info Building permits, 2009 104 3,1211
Federal spending definition and source info Federal spending, 2008 248,976 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Lincoln County Maine
Land area definition and source info Land area, 2000 (square miles) 455.99 30,861.55
Persons per square mile definition and source info Persons per square mile, 2000 73.7 41.3
Persons per square mile definition and source info FIPS Code 015 23
Persons per square mile definition and source info Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area None
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23015.html (accessed April 30, 2011)
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This entry was last modified: March 16, 2013 08:21 PM

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