Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Limestone

Location Map for Limestone

Location Map for Limestone

Year Population
1970 8,745
1980 8,719
1990 9,922
2000 2,361
2010 2,314
Limestone Population Chart 1860-2010

Population Trend 1860-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 46:54:25
W. Latitude 67:51:48
Maine House District 148
Maine Senate District 1
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 40.7
Area sq. mi. (land) 40.4
Population/sq.mi. (land) 57.3
County: Aroostook

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Sign: Welcome to Limestone (2003)[LIME-stone] is a town in Aroostook County, incorporated on February 26, 1869 from Limestone Plantation, itself formally organized in 1855 from the township E R1 WELS.

Settled in 1849 by General Mark Trafton of Bangor, then the Customs Officer at Fort Fairfield, it was named for the lime deposits found there.

As early as 1846 a dam and a shingle mill had been completed. By the 1880’s Limestone had two sawmills and two starch factories, fed by the local potato crops.

U.S. Customs (2003)

U.S. Customs on Route 229 (2003)

Canadian Customs (2003)

Canadian Customs (2003)

The town is a port of entry into the United States from Limestone, New Brunswick, Canada.

In the north of the town, the Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge straddles the town line with Caswell.

Robert A. Frost Memorial Library (2003)

Robert A. Frost Memorial Library (2003)

The disastrous impact on the community of the demise of Loring Air Force Base in the 1990’s may be seen by Limestone’s population fluctuation:

The 2000 and 2010 censuses place the number of residents below the 1950 mark of 2,427 and far below the 1960 peak of 13,102!

School of Math and Science (2003)

School of Math and Science (2003)

School of Math and Science (2003)

School of Math and Science (2003)

The School of Mathematics and Science, a high school for top students from across the state, is now located on the former military facility, as is the Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge.

U.S. Route 1A in the Main Village (2003)

U.S. Route 1A in the Main Village (2003)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Maine Place Names and The Peopling of its Towns.

Garbinski, John C. The United States Air Force in Maine: Progeny of the Cold War. Bangor, Me. Maine Aviation Historical Society. c2000.

Limestone Centennial, 1869-1969: The Review of a Century. Limestone, Me? The Centennial Committees. 1969.

Loring Readjustment Committee (Me.) Community Profiles. Caribou, Me. The Committee. 1993.

Maine Department of Conservation. Bureau of Parks and Lands. Northern Aroostook Region Management Plan. June 2007. http://www.maine.gov/doc/parks/programs/planning/northern/plan.pdf (accessed October 17, 2011)

Maine. Trial Justice Court (Limestone). Wallace K. Fenlason, Trial Justice Docket. 1952 June 25-1957 June 11. (Cataloger Note: This docket records the Trial Justice criminal cases heard by Wallace K. Fenlason. These court records include brief notes on the case: defendant, and the Justice’s decision in the case or their appeal to the next court. Typical cases could include assault, motor vehicle violations, non-support, malicious mischief, breaking entering and larceny, etc.) [Maine State Archives]

Turner, Philip B. Loring. Caribou, Me.? The Author. .1994? [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections; University of Maine at Presque Isle Library and Learning Resource Center]

*United  States.  Department  of  the  Interior.  National  Park  Service. National Register of Historic Places Registration Form.   “U.S. Inspection Station Limestone, Maine.” December 6, 2011. https://www.nps.gov/nr/feature/places/pdfs/14000556.pdf (accessed May 29, 2016)

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Church of the Advent, Church Street 1 block south of junction with Maine Route 229

U.S. Inspection Station–Limestone

[Route 229] The Limestone Inspection Station evolved from the contexts of Prohibition (1919-1933), the increased popularization of automobile travel, and the Public Works Administration (PWA) that developed out of the Great Depression of the 1930s. Contributing to the need for an increase in Inspection Stations by 1919 was the imposition of head taxes and literacy tests on Canadian immigrants beginning in 1917 that had resulted in a sharp increase of illegal entry attempts into the United States. The Station was built in 1933 along Route 229 near the international border with Canada.

It has retained a fair amount of the Colonial Revival design features and still projects its intended association of American architecture at the international border. It is in its original location in a northern, pastoral, open, and semi-isolated setting that is relatively unchanged from its period of significance. The Limestone Station successfully conveys its intended values and images, now historically associated with PWA-era Federal architecture as a whole.

Unlike most of that era’s Inspection Stations, the Limestone Station presents elements of the “New England Cape Cod” variation of the Colonial Revival style, of the type often seen on residences.

A projecting kiosk was added to the front, probably in the 1970s. Wooden sash windows were replaced with metal-frame units. The original wood clapboard has been covered by aluminum siding, but this is very likely a reversible condition. The west garage wing was converted to restrooms. All of these alterations appear to have been made in the 1960s or later.*

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