Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map for Jefferson

Location Map for Jefferson

Year Population
1970 1,242
1980 1,616
1990 2,111
2000 2,388
2010 2,427
Jefferson Population Chart 1810-2010

Population Trend 1810-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:30:48
W. Latitude 69:26:08
Maine House Dist 88
Maine Senate District 13
Congress District 1
Area sq. mi. (total) 58.6
Area sq. mi. (land) 52.7
Population/sq.mi. (land) 46.0
County: Lincoln

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Classic Barn in Jefferson (2012)

[JEF-er-son] is a town in Lincoln County, incorporated from Ballstown Plantation on February 24, 1807, when Thomas Jefferson was President. During the 19th Century, it set off land to Alna and Newcastle, and annexed land from Patricktown, later incorporated as Somerville.

Old Town House, now Historical Society (2012)

Old Town House, now Historical Society (2012)

Classic Old House near the Society (2012)

Classic Old House near the Society (2012)

First Baptist Church (2012)

First Baptist Church (2012)

Bunker Hill Baptist Church (2012)

Bunker Hill Baptist (2012)

According to Chadbourne,

Historically the present town dates back to January 13, 1630, when a grant of fifteen miles on each side of the Kennebec River from the mouth to the present site of Gardiner was made to William Bradford [governor of the Pilgrim Colony] of Plymouth, Massachusetts.

The town of Jefferson was included in this area and was part of the plantation of Ballstown, founded in 1770 by John Ball. (p.42)

N.C. Hunt Lumber Mill (2012)

N.C. Hunt Lumber Mill (2012)

Damariscotta Lake Park (2012)

Damariscotta Lake Park (’12)

Abandoned granite quarries and clay banks where bricks were made suggest the early economic activities of the area. The Gazetteer of Maine in 1886, observed the following:

The principal occupation of the people is agriculture. There is at East Jefferson, on Damariscotta Lake, a flourishing cheese factory. At this place there are also lumber, stave and shingle mills, a wooden pump and carriage factory. At West Jefferson are a shingle-mill and potash factory, etc.

Several fine farm houses and barns have survived to recall the great heritage of the town.

Horses and Barn on the Bunker Hill Road (2012)

Classic Barn in Jefferson (2012)

Part of the agricultural tradition throughout Maine is the usually circular, rock walled cattle pound, often used as a site to buy and sell farm animals, and to hold wandering livestock to keep them from destroying crops.  The images below are from the Library of Congress.

Jefferson Cattle Pound Interior (1937)

Jefferson Cattle Pound Interior (1937)

Jefferson Cattle Pound Exterior (1937)

Jefferson Cattle Pound Exterior (1937)

Jefferson has a substantial frontage on Damariscotta Lake, both in its north end and on virtually all its western shore. Damariscotta State Park is at the northeast corner of the lake, in Jefferson. A close look at the 1930’s photo below shows the lake in the distance.  The more recent photo may have been taken near the old location.

Picnicking in Jefferson (1930's) George French Collection, Maine State Archives

Picnicking in Jefferson (1930’s)

Picnic Area on Bunker Hill Road (2012)

Picnic Area on Bunker Hill Road (2012) @

The main village is near the north end of the lake and the state park.  The town office, memorial park, village school, and the grange hall are all nearby each other.

Jefferson Town Office (2012)

Jefferson Town Office (2012)

Jefferson Village School (2012)

The Village School (2012)

Jefferson Market in the Village (2012)

Jefferson Market (2012)

Jefferson Fire & Rescue (2012)

Jefferson Fire & Rescue (’12)

Jefferson Post Office (2012)

Jefferson Post Office (2012)

Old Mill Dam (2012)

Old Mill Dam (2012)

Musquash Pond Preserve consists of extensive freshwater wetlands draining three ponds. Self-guiding nature trails and interpretive signs in the western portion known as Dyer Neck contains numerous bog species.

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board.

Additional resources

Historic American Buildings Survey. Josiah T. Tubby, Photographer April 20, 1937. “VIEW OF SECTION OF WALL – Cattle Pound, Route 220, Jefferson, Lincoln County, ME.” Digital ID: (None) hhh (accessed January 23, 2013)  Reproduction Number: HABS ME,8-JEF.V,1–2. Repository: Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA


Beard, Frank A. and Bette A. Smith. Maine’s Historic Places: Properties on the National Register of Historic Places. Camden, Me. Down East Books. 1982, p. 214.

Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Maine Place Names and The Peopling of its Towns.

Bond, Priscilla Hom. Army Air Force Ground Observer Corps of Jefferson, Maine. Jefferson, Me. Jefferson Historical Society. 1992. [Maine State Library]

Tompkins, Robert D. Jefferson & Environs, 1807. Jefferson, Me. Jefferson Historical Society. 2007.

Jefferson (Me.) Centennial Celebration of the Town of Jefferson, Lincoln County, Maine, U.S.A., August 21, 1907. Compiled by Alberto A. Bennett, chairman of the Printing committee. Lewiston, Me. Journal Printing Company. 1908.

Jefferson, Touchstone of Democracy. Lewiston, Me. Twin City Printery. c1976.

Jefferson, Touchstone of Democracy II: The Early Years to 1907.  Newcastle, Me. Jefferson Historical Society/Lincoln County Publishing. 2007.

Maine State Archives. George French Collection. (source of the 1930’s photo)

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. p. 2914.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Jackson, Dr. F. W., House, Maine Route 32. Built 1903-1905, it is described by Beard and Smith as follows: “This large and splendid Colonial Revival house, an architectural landmark in Jefferson, was built by a native son who returned after a successful medical career and a prosperous and happy marriage.”

Jefferson Town House, Junction of Maine Route 126 and Maine Route 213

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One Response to Jefferson

  1. Vera A. Northrup says:

    Did not realize that William Bradford of Plymouth, Mass., was in anyway involved w/Jefferson!!! He was our relative and many of the children in our family have been named after him – he was on my mother’s side of the family!!! So ironic that I would eventually end up in Jefferson as my home for a few years and raise our girls there!

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