male in summer is a yellow bird with a black patch on its forehead, with black wings and tail and white on the wings and rump. In winter he looks much like the female: a dull olive yellow with brownish wings. The male has a bright orange bill, while the female’s is, again, a dull olive. Note the brighter spring colors compared to the fall in the photos below.
The goldfinch is a year-round resident of Maine found throughout the state. It likes the small, black niger seed at the feeder. At 4 1/2 to 5 inches, it is smaller than a sparrow, and likes open fields, trees, and suburban areas.