the most populous of Maine’s counties, contains approximately 20% of the state’s population with less than 3% of the state’s land area. Four of the ten largest communities by population are in Cumberland County. See an 1857 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.
The City of Portland dominates the cultural and commercial environment of the county, and for most of southern Maine. It is also an important transportation center, including Amtrak’s passenger rail service south, and bus service both north and south.
The University of Maine has campuses in Portland and Gorham. Other colleges with campuses in the county include Kaplan University (South Portland), Maine College of Art (Portland), St. Joseph’s College (Standish), Southern Maine Community College (South Portland), and Southern New Hampshire University (Brunswick).
In South Portland, the Maine Mall and nearby businesses consitiute the largest concentration of commercial activity in the state.
The county was created in 1760 when York county was divided into two new counties: Lincoln and Cumberland. In 1805, the northern part of the county was set off to form another: Oxford County. Later in 1854, further land was set off to create the new Androscoggin County. Other minor adjustment have taken place from time-to-time.
In 2011 Cumberland County, facing Casco Bay, contains the following: the cities of Portland, South Portland and Westbrook; and the towns of Baldwin, Bridgeton, Brunswick, Cape Elizabeth, Casco, Chebeague Island, Cumberland, Falmouth, Freeport, Frye Island, Gorham, Gray, Harpswell, Harrison, Long Island, Naples, New Gloucester, North Yarmouth, Pownal, Raymond, Scarborough, Sebago, Standish, Windham and Yarmouth.
The county hosts a number of nature preserves, many of which are coastal.
|Geography QuickFacts||Cumberland County||Maine|
|Land area, 2000 (square miles)||835.51||30,861.55|
|Persons per square mile, 2000||317.7||41.3|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area||Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME Metro Area|
U.S. Census Table Notes: F=fewer than 100 firms; S=supressed, data does not meet publication standards; Z=greater than zero, but less than 1/2 percent; (a)=includes persons reporting only one race; (b)=Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23005.html (accessed February 15, 2011)