Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Cumberland County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the most populous of Maine’s counties, contains approximately 20% of the state’s population with less than 3% of the state’s land area.  Four of the ten largest communities by population are in Cumberland County. See an 1857 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

The City of Portland dominates the cultural and commercial environment of the county, and for most of southern Maine.  It is also an important transportation center, including Amtrak’s passenger rail service south, and bus transportation both north and south.

The University of Maine has campuses in Portland and Gorham.  Other colleges with campuses in the county include Kaplan University (South Portland), Maine College of Art (Portland), St. Joseph’s College (Standish), Southern Maine Community College (South Portland), and Southern New Hampshire University (Brunswick).

Cumberland County Court Buildings (2013)

Cumberland County Court Buildings (2013)

In South Portland, the Maine Mall and nearby businesses constitute the largest concentration of commercial activity in the state.

The county was created in 1760 when York county was divided into two new counties: Lincoln and Cumberland.  In 1805, the northern part of the county was set off to form another: Oxford County.  Later in 1854, further land was set off to create the new Androscoggin County.  Other minor adjustment have taken place from time-to-time.

In 2011 Cumberland County, facing Casco Bay, contains the following: the cities of Portland, South Portland and Westbrook; and the towns of Baldwin, Bridgeton, Brunswick, Cape Elizabeth, Casco, Chebeague Island, Cumberland, Falmouth, Freeport, Frye Island, Gorham, Gray, Harpswell, Harrison, Long Island, Naples, New Gloucester, North Yarmouth, Pownal, Raymond, Scarborough, Sebago, Standish, Windham and Yarmouth.

The county hosts a number of nature preserves, many of which are coastal.

People QuickFacts Cumberland County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 278,559 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 4.9% 3.4%
Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 265,611 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.5% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 20.8% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 14.3% 15.6%
Female persons, percent, 2009 51.3% 51.2%
White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 94.0% 96.1%
Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 2.5% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.4% 0.6%
Asians, percent, 2009 (a) 1.8% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) 0.1% Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.1% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 2.0% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 92.3% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 54.2% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 3.8% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 5.9% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 90.1% 85.4%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 34.2% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 42,102 237,910
Mean time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 22.0 22.7
Housing units, 2009 134,295 704,578
Homeownership rate, 2000 66.8% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 28.2% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $131,200 $98,700
Households, 2000 107,989 518,200
Persons per household, 2000 2.38 2.39
Median household income, 2008 $54,053 $46,419
Per capita income, 1999 $23,949 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 10.4% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Cumberland County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 11,105 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment, 2008 160,520 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 6.9% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments, 2008 25,162 113,522
Total number of firms, 2002 31,011 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.4% 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, %, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.9% 0.6%
Native Hawaiian, Other Pacific Islander owned firms, %, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 1.1% 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 27.2% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 2,137,412 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 5,807,142 10,371,084
Retail sales 2002 ($1000) 4,386,091 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $16,252 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 573,621 2,045,841
Building permits, 2009 575 3,1211
Federal spending, 2008 2,145,559 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Cumberland County Maine
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 835.51 30,861.55
Persons per square mile, 2000 317.7 41.3
FIPS Code 005 23
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area Portland-South Portland-Biddeford, ME Metro Area

U.S. Census Table Notes: F=fewer than 100 firms; S=supressed, data does not meet publication standards; Z=greater than zero, but less than 1/2 percent; (a)=includes persons reporting only one race; (b)=Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23005.html (accessed February 15, 2011)




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This entry was last modified: November 12, 2017 02:17 AM

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