Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Society

Peary, Robert E.

The Peary House on Eagle Island (2002)

(1856-1920), who summered on Eagle Island, received a degree in civil engineering from Bowdoin College in 1877, was a noted Arctic explorer who became famous as the discoverer of the North Pole, though many experts believe that the claim has … Continue reading

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Perkins, Frances

Frances Perkins Center (2014)

While she was born in Boston, Frances Perkins considered her family’s “Brick House” in Newcastle to be her home. As the National Park Service observed in its National Landmark Nomination document: The Perkins Homestead in Newcastle, Maine, is nationally significant … Continue reading

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Phipps, Sir William

born in Nauskeag (now Woolwich), a ship tradesman in Arrowsic, then governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, he commanded several military expeditions against the French in Canada. As governor, he pardoned those who were accused in the Salem witch trials. Continue reading

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Pilgrims

“In the fall of 1620 the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth during a disagreeable storm, and, noting the excellent opportunity for future misery, began to erect a number of rude cabins.”  — Bill Nye Members of the Plymouth Colony began trading … Continue reading

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Population Density by County

Map: Population Density by County 1990

Maine continues to see a migration of its population away from the most northern areas and toward the south and mid-coast.  Within counties such as Oxford and Penobscot, their southern most communities are growing while the smaller northern towns decline … Continue reading

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Population Since 1741

Map: Maine Population 1742-2010

The population of Maine is measured every ten years by the U.S. Census Bureau, and is estimated annually by the Department of Human Services. The graph at right illustrates the increases since 1742 and the declining portion of the U.S. … Continue reading

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Population, Largest Communities

Fifteen communities had populations of over 15,000 in the year 2010, two more than in 2000. While ranks of the first five were little changed, Scarborough surged ahead while Waterville fell behind. Windham and Gorham were new to the list … Continue reading

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Population, Urban Areas

Maine Urban-Rural Population 2010

The U.S. Census identifies “Urbanized Areas” (Urbanized) and “Urban Clusters” (Clusters), reporting population and the number of housing units (Housing). Data is extracted from the Maine 2010 Population Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing, Issued August 2012. Continue reading

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Preble, Edward

(1761-1807) was born in Falmouth, now Portland, on August 15, 1761 and has been called the “Father of the American Navy.” He played a decisive role in keeping the waters of Maine safe from Barbary pirates as Commander of U.S. … Continue reading

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Pulitzer Prize Winners

The following winners have Maine roots from birth or residence. Author Year Category Title Laura E. Richards 1917 Biography Julia Ward Howe Booth Tarkington 1919 Literature The Magnificent Ambersons Booth Tarkington 1922 Literature Alice Adams Edwin Arlington Robinson 1922 Poetry … Continue reading

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Rabies

Chart: Rabies by County 1994-2010

What Should You do if You have been Exposed? If you have been bitten or scratched by a wild animal, or by a pet or farm animal that has been behaving oddly, follow these steps: 1. Animals must be killed … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Education

Average Maine Teacher Salaries

Compared to all other states and the District of Columbia, Maine ranks relatively high when considering the number of students per teacher and on the amount spent per pupil. However, Maine ranks very low when comparing teacher salaries.  It does … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Education, Graduation Rates

Big Schools Size and Graduation Rate

The U.S. Department of Education released a report November 26, 2012 “detailing state four-year high school graduation rates in 2010-11 – the first year for which all states used a common, rigorous measure.” The new calculation, the Department emphasized, is … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Health and Obesity

Maine appears to be near the national average in terms of the percent of its populations in various categories that are obese, or overweight and obese, or who have diabetes or hypertension – both linked to being overweight. YEAR RANK … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Population

Maine is a relative small, sparsely settled state when it comes to population.  Its people are predominantly  white, of European-origin, with relatively few members of minority ethnic or racial groups. The state ranks about 40th in total population, population density, … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Public Safety

Maine ranks very low in crime and prisoner incarcerations. With respect to crime rates, the Morgan Quitno Press, which produces state-by-state rankings on a variety of subjects, produced rankings of the “safest states” based on a formula that measures how … Continue reading

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Rank of Maine, Social Indicators

YEAR RANK MAINE U.S. Status of Children 1=High In Poverty 2000 18 13.7% 16.6% 2007 31 15.4% 18.0% 2010 36 17.8% 21.6% At/Below 200% Poverty 19953 20 38.3% – 20013 25 34.5% 38.1% 2010 34 36.3% 43.2% At/Below 200% Poverty, … Continue reading

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Rasles, Sebastian

Father Rasle Monument (2001)

was a Jesuit priest killed by the British in an attack on the Native American village in Norridgewock on August 23, 1724. Born January 28, 1657* in France, he attended college then taught Greek at Nimes in Southern France. There … Continue reading

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Reich, Wilhelm

Orgonon in Rangeley (2001)

A Freudian analyst born in Austria in 1897, Reich was trying to prove the energetic reality of the “Libido” which Sigmund Freud had coined. He worked on his own version of biophysics for many years but by 1933 he left … Continue reading

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Rich, Louise Dickinson

Selected Works Happy the Land (1946/1998) Start of the Trail (1949) My Neck of the Woods (1950) Trail to the North (1952) Only Parent (1953) Innocence Under the Elms (1955) The Coast of Maine (1956/1962/1970/1975/1993) Peninsula (1958/1971) First Book of … Continue reading

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