|Maine House||District 141|
|Maine Senate||District 8|
|Area sq. mi.||(total) 56.2|
|Area sq. mi.||(land) 53.8|
Total=land+water; Land=land only
[BUR-ling-tun] is a town in Penobscot County, incorporated on March 8, 1832 from the unorganized township of T2 R1 NBPP, EPR. Named for a Massachusetts town, it annexed “two-mile strip” in 1835 and some additional land from Lowell in 1847.
The township was first settled in 1824, probably by Tristam Hurd who donated the name “Hurd Ridge” to the area.
Burlington Village, in the western portion of the township, centers on Route 188 (which includes Church Hill Road and Main Road), Long Ridge Road, and Back Road, with connecting Hurd Road.
The old church is on Church Hill Road; the historic Tavern, on Main Road.
In 1886, according to George Varney, “Much of the town is still covered with forest, consisting principally of maple, birch, beech, pine and spruce.”
“Burlington is on the stage line from Enfield, on the European and North American Railway. The extension of the St. Croix and Penobscot Railroad is expected to pass through the town. The church edifice is used by the different societies in common.”
Varney usually listed the “manufactures” of each town. They are conspicuously absent from Burlington in this period. Lumbering and agriculture have been the main occupations, supplemented by the staff of the Old Tavern.
The village, where the photos above were taken, is about 45 miles north of Bangor, and east of the Howland exit on Interstate 95 following Route 188 east from Enfield.
Saponac Lake, in the south end of the town and at the north end of Grand Falls Township, is from the Indian word for “the big opening.” Originally called Chibanook, the lake has a wide opening before entering the Passadumkeag River. The lake (below) is visible in views from Long Ridge Road in the village.
Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Maine Place Names and The Peopling of its Towns.
Eckstorm, Fannie Hardy. Indian Place Names of the Penobscot Valley and the Maine Coast.
Hawkins, Alan H. History of the Town of Burlington, Penobscot County, Maine from Settlement to 1975. Augusta, Me. The Kennebec Journal. 1977.
*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me. Text from National Register of Historic Places: http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/nrhp/text/86000674.PDF.
Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. p. 148.
National Register of Historic Places – Listings
[Maine Route 188 and Old Dam Road] The Old Tavern is a well preserved early inn and tavern catering to lumbermen and drivers during the height of the lumber industry. Now a quiet community, Burlington was once a bustling, rough town on the Passadumkeag River. The building was filled with hard living, heavy drinking men during the log drive season. It was built by Amzi Libby who came from Limerick to Burlington about 1834. When he acquired the lot at “the corner” in 1844, he built the tavern, which served as a hotel for lumbering crews driving down the Passadumkeag or who were working in the Nicatous area, south east of Burlington in townships T3 ND and T40 MD, where Nicatous Lake is located.
Jeremiah Page bought the tavern in 1864. He became a prominent citizen as a merchant and innkeeper, also serving as selectman, town clerk and Justice of the Peace. Later the tavern became a popular headquarters for hunters and fishermen in the area.*
The local historical society purchased it in 1984. See photo above and interior photos at Ye Olde Tavern.