Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "civil rights"

Biddeford

Location Map for Biddeford

Early settlers from Biddeford in England may have given the area its name. Biddeford was destroyed during Queen Anne’s War, but was resettled beginning in 1714. Lumbering was the major industry until the early 19th century; textiles dominated for 100 years from mid-century. First Irish, then French Canadians came to work in the mills. See photos. Continue reading

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Bowdoin College

Massachusetts Hall (2002)

is a liberal arts institution located in Brunswick. In June 1794 Massachusetts Governor Samuel Adams signed an act to establish Bowdoin College promoted by James Bowdoin III, who gave financial support to its formation and named it in honor of … Continue reading

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July 4

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1776 American Declaration of Independence issued   1786 … Continue reading

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July 6

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1837 Elijah P. Lovejoy, a Maine-born anti-slavery editor … Continue reading

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Malaga Island

Malaga Island off Phippsburg (USGS map 1894)

One of the more shameful episodes in Maine history is the treatment of the black residents of Malaga Island, in the New Meadows River just off Phippsburg. Benjamin Darling, a freed slave, bought the nearby Horse Island in 1794. His … Continue reading

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March 14

Olson House on Hathorn Point in Cushing (2005)

March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1773 Birth date of U.S. Senator (1820-1827) John … Continue reading

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March 28

Olson House on Hathorn Point in Cushing (2005)

March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Maple Sunday is the 4th Sunday in March. … Continue reading

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May 12

Sheep at Crystal Spring Farm in Brunswick (May 2010)

May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1857 Ten year average of “ice out” on … Continue reading

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May 7

Sheep at Crystal Spring Farm in Brunswick (May 2010)

May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1792 First state-sanctioned election on the separation of … Continue reading

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November 6

The Selectmen

November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1790 James Bowdoin II, after whom Bowdoin College is … Continue reading

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