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Constitution

Constitution, Maine

Title page from the Maine Constitution, Maine State Archives photo

Article I. Declaration of Rights. Article II. Electors. Article III. Distribution of Powers. Article IV. Part First. House of Representatives. Part Second. Senate. Part Third. Legislative Power. Article V. Part First. Executive Power. Part Second. Secretary. Part Third. Treasurer. Article … Continue reading

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Constitutional Offices

Secretaries of State 820-21 Ashur Ware, Portland 1822-28 Amos Nichols, Augusta 1829-30 Edward Russell, N. Yarmouth 1831-34 Roscoe G. Greene, Portland 1835-37 Asaph R. Nichols, Augusta 1838 Samuel P. Benson, Winthrop 1839 Asaph R. Nichols, Augusta 1840 Philip C. Johnson, … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 01 Declaration of Rights

Article I. Declaration of Rights. Section 1. Natural rights. All people are born equally free and independent, and have certain natural, inherent and unalienable rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, acquiring, possessing and protecting … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 02 Electors

Article II. Electors. Section 1. Qualifications of electors; written ballot; military servicemen; students. Every citizen of the United States of the age of 18 years and upwards, excepting persons under guardianship for reasons of mental illness, having his or her … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 03 Distribution of Powers

Article III. Distribution of Powers. Section 1. Powers distributed. The powers of this government shall be divided into 3 distinct departments, the legislative, executive and judicial. Section 2. To be kept separate. No person or persons, belonging to one of … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 04 Part 1

Article IV. — Part First. House of Representatives. Section 1. Legislative department; style of acts. The legislative power shall be vested in 2 distinct branches, a House of Representatives, and a Senate, each to have a negative on the other, … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 04 Part 2

Article IV. — Part Second. Senate. Section 1. Number of Senators. The Senate shall consist of an odd number of Senators, not less than 31 nor more than 35, elected at the same time and for the same term as … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 04 Part 3

Article IV. — Part Third. Legislative Power. Section 1. To meet annually; power of Legislature to convene itself at other times; extent of legislative power. The Legislature shall convene on the first Wednesday of December following the general election in … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 05 Part 1

Article V. — Part First. Executive Power. Section 1. Governor. The supreme executive power of this State shall be vested in a Governor. Section 2. Term of office; reelection eligibility. The Governor shall be elected by the qualified electors, and … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 05 Part 2

Article V. — Part Second. Secretary. Section 1. Election. The Secretary of State shall be chosen biennially at the first session of the Legislature, by joint ballot of the Senators and Representatives in convention. Section 1-A. Succession to the office … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 05 Part 3

Article V. — Part Third. Treasurer. Section 1. Election. The Treasurer shall be chosen biennially, at the first session of the Legislature, by joint ballot of the Senators, and Representatives in convention. Section 1-A. Succession to the office of Treasurer. … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 06 Judicial Power

Article VI. Judicial Power. Section 1. Courts. The judicial power of this State shall be vested in a Supreme Judicial Court, and such other courts as the Legislature shall from time to time establish. Section 2. Compensation. The Justices of … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 07 Military

Article VII. Military. Section 1. Officers, how appointed. All commissioned officers of the militia shall be appointed and commissioned by the Governor, from such persons as are qualified by law to hold such offices. Section 2. Qualifications and selection. The … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 08 Part 1

Article VIII. — Part First. Education. Section 1. Legislature shall require towns to support public schools; duty of Legislature. A general diffusion of the advantages of education being essential to the preservation of the rights and liberties of the people; … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 08 Part 2

Article VIII. — Part Second. Municipal Home Rule. Section 1. Power of municipalities to amend their charters. The inhabitants of any municipality shall have the power to alter and amend their charters on all matters, not prohibited by Constitution or … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 09

Article IX. General Provisions. Section 1. Oaths and subscriptions. Every person elected or appointed to either of the places or offices provided in this Constitution, and every person elected, appointed, or commissioned to any judicial, executive, military or other office … Continue reading

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Maine Constitution Art. 10

Article X. Additional Provisions. Section 1. (See Section 7 and Note.) Section 2. (See Section 7 and Note.) Section 3. Laws now in force continue until repealed. All laws now in force in this State, and not repugnant to this … Continue reading

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