was Maine’s first county, established November 20, 1652, by the Massachusetts act that also incorporated the town of Kittery. The county included all of the land claimed by Massachusetts beyond the Piscataqua River, which now defines the southern boundary of Maine with New Hampshire.
In 1674, the jurisdiction of Massachusetts was extended to Muscongus Bay, near Pemaquid Point in the current town of Bristol. By 1760 its eastern boundary by identified as the St. Croix River, now the border of Washington County with New Brunswick, Canada.
On June 21, 1760, York was divided by adding two new counties within it eastern area: Cumberland and Lincoln. York County now consists of the following: the cities of Biddeford and Saco; and the towns of Action, Alfred, Arundel, Berwick, Buxton, Cornish, Dayton, Eliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kennebunkport, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Limington, Lyman, Newfield, North Berwick, Ogunquit, Old Orchard Beach, Parsonsfield, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterboro, Wells, and York.
See an 1856 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.
The town of Alfred is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.
In 2010, York County was Maine’s second most populous at 15.5% of the state’s total, with a census count of 197,131, a 5.6% increase over 2000.
|Geography QuickFacts||York County||Maine|
|Land area, 2000 (square miles)||990.92||30,861.55|
|Persons per square mile, 2000||188.4||41.3|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area:
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shownSource: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23031.html (accessed April 28, 2011)