Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

York County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

was Maine’s first county, established November 20, 1652, by the Massachusetts act that also incorporated the town of Kittery.  The county included all of the land claimed by Massachusetts beyond the Piscataqua River, which now defines the southern boundary of Maine with New Hampshire.

In 1674, the jurisdiction of Massachusetts was extended to Muscongus Bay, near Pemaquid Point in the current town of Bristol. By 1760 its eastern boundary by identified as the St. Croix River, now the border of Washington County with New Brunswick, Canada.

On June 21, 1760, York was divided by adding two new counties within it eastern area: Cumberland and Lincoln. York County now consists of the following: the cities of Biddeford and Saco; and the towns of Action, Alfred, Arundel, Berwick, Buxton, Cornish, Dayton, Eliot, Hollis, Kennebunk, Kennebunkport, Kittery, Lebanon, Limerick, Limington, Lyman, Newfield, North Berwick, Ogunquit, Old Orchard Beach, Parsonsfield, Sanford, Shapleigh, South Berwick, Waterboro, Wells, and York.

See an 1856 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

York Couny Courthouse in Alfred (2003)

York Couny Courthouse in Alfred (2003)

The town of Alfred is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.

In 2010, York County was Maine’s second most populous at  15.5% of the state’s total, with a census count of 197,131, a 5.6% increase over 2000.

People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010)
York County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 201,876 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 8.1% 3.4%
Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 186,740 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.2% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 21.0% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 15.1% 15.6%
Female persons, percent, 2009 51.3% 51.2%
White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 97.2% 96.1%
Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.7% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.3% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.9% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 0.9% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 1.3% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 96.0% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 58.0% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 2.8% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 9.4% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 86.5% 85.4%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 22.9% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 32,913 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 25.8 22.7
Housing units, 2009 105,602 704,578
Homeownership rate, 2000 72.6% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 21.6% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $122,600 $98,700
Households, 2000 74,563 518,200
Persons per household, 2000 2.47 2.39
Median household income, 2008 $54,626 $46,419
Per capita money income, 1999 $21,225 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 9.4% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts York County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 5,700 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment, 2008 55,659 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 8.0% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments, 2008 16,668 113,522
Total number of firms, 2002 19,721 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 0.6% 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 26.6% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) D 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 592,649 10,371,084
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 1,805,030 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $9,223 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 389,675 2,045,841
Building permits, 2009 526 3,1211
Federal spending, 2008 1,502,019 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts York County Maine
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 990.92 30,861.55
Persons per square mile, 2000 188.4 41.3
FIPS Code 031 23
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area:
Portland-South Portland-Biddeford
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shownSource: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23031.html (accessed April 28, 2011)





This entry was posted in Government, Counties and tagged , , . Bookmark the permalink.
This entry was last modified: November 11, 2017 06:30 PM

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *