Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Timeline of Maine History 04: The American Revolution

1775-1789

1775

Machias Bay 1785

Machias Bay 1785

Battle of Lexington and Concord begins the Revolutionary War.
Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia.
Benedict Arnold and his expedition reach Swan Island in the Kennebec River, move through the state to Quebec.
The British ship Margaretta is captured by Maine citizens in Machias.
Falmouth (Portland) is burned by British.
Incorporation of the towns of Cape Elizabeth, Harpswell, Newcastle, Pepperellborough, and Woolwich.

1776

Declaration of Independence, copies sent to all Maine towns to be read aloud.
Incorporation of the town of Warren.

1777

The Ranger, first American Warship, built at Kittery.
Incorporation of the towns of Fryeburg and Thomaston. Population 42,241

1778

Maine constituted a district by the Continental Congress.
Incorporation of the towns of Coxhall (Lyman) and Gray.

1779

Birth of Governor William D. Williamson, second Governor of Maine (1821).
Incorporation of the Town of Pittston.
Penobscot Expedition is launched and defeated in an attempt to drive the British from Downeast Maine.

1780

Maine Population: 65,000

1781

Incorporation of the town of Bath.
Articles of Confederation go into effect.

1782

First settlements in the towns of Hope, New Sharon, and Solon.

1783

Birth in Hallowell of U.S. Senator (1837-1843) Reuel Williams.
Treaty of Paris confirms American independence, sets Maine’s boundaries.

1784

Incorporation of the town of Machias.
Province of New Brunswick established, beginning long boundary dispute with Maine.

1785

Movement begins to separate Maine from Massachusetts.
Falmouth Gazette, first Maine newspaper, begins publication.

1786

Incorporation of the towns of Portland, Turner, and Union.
First attack of Daniel Shays Rebellion in Massachusetts in response to debtors’ grievances.

1787

Stagecoach line opened between Portland and Portsmouth, later to Augusta.
Incorporation of the towns of Limerick, Penobscot, and Waterborough.
Second attack of Shays Rebellion in Massachusetts exposes weak Confederation.
U.S. Constitution drafted, signed, sent to states for ratification.

1788

U.S. Constitution ratified.
Birth in Hebron of Governor (1822-1827) Albion Parris, elected U.S. Senator (1827-1828), served as Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury (1836-1850).
Incorporation of the towns of Bowdoin, Canaan, Fairfield, Greene, Nobleborough, and Norridgewock.

1789

District of Maine Established
Birth of U.S. Senator (1833-1836) Ether Shepley, a justice of the Supreme Court of Maine and its Chief Justice (1848-1855).
Hancock and Washington Counties formed.
Incorporation of the towns of Blue Hill, Cushing, Deer Isle, Durham, Frankfort, Freeport, Gouldsboro, Islesborough, Mount Desert, Sedgwick, Sullivan, Trenton, and Vinalhaven.
Slavery abolished in Massachusetts (therefore, Maine).
U.S. Congress convenes in New York; Washington inaugurated President.

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This entry was last modified: May 06, 2017 02:59 PM

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