Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Timeline of Maine History 03: Massachusetts and the Colonial Period

1651-1774

Massachusetts asserts its claim to Maine and takes over in 1652. Royal commissioners set up an independent government in Maine in 166, but Massachusetts regains control in 1668.  Many towns in Maine are incorporated during the period, developing a core of local government and for future resistance to Massachusetts.

1651

Massachusetts asserts its claim to Maine under its 1628 charter.

1652

Massachusetts takes over Maine, York County established. Incorporation of the towns of Kittery and York.

1653

Incorporation of the towns of Saco, Cape Porpoise, and Wells.

1658

Incorporation of the towns of Scarborough and Falmouth.

1661

Incorporation of the town of Apledoore, now part of Kittery.

1664

Grant of the Province of Maine to James, Duke of York.

1665

Royal commissioners set up an independent government in Maine.

1668

Massachusetts government regains control of Maine.

1674

Second Grant of the Province of Maine to James, Duke of York.
County of Devonshire (east of the Kennebec) is established.

1675

King Philip’s War begins.
French Fort Pentagoet destroyed in Castine by the Dutch.

1677

Massachusetts buys the claims of Sir Fernando Gorges‘ heirs.

1678

Sir Edmund Andros, under the Duke of York, becomes governor of New York and Sagadahoc.

1680

Government of Maine reorganized by the Massachusetts General Court.

1683

Incorporation of the town of North Yarmouth.

1685

British create the position of Surveyor of Pines and Timber in Maine to identify tall pines for the Royal Navy

1687

Sir Edmund Andros becomes governor of New England.

1688

King William’s War begins, lasting until 1699, destroying most Maine settlements. Edward Randolph makes first survey of Maine.

1689

Andros, who precipitated King William’s War, is deposed.

1691

Massachusetts Charter given by William and Mary designates Maine a “District.”  Charter reserves to the Crown all pines 24 or more inches in diameter and 12 inches above the ground.

1692

Serious Indian raids on Maine; York “massacre” occurs.

1699

Norridgewock Indians sign truce ending King William’s War.

1703

Queen Anne’s or Third Indian War, 1703-1711; settlements ravaged.

1704

Colonel Church attacks Indians up the Penobscot River, and the coast to the east.

1713

French cede Acadia (eastern Maine) to the English. Incorporation of the town of Berwick.

1715

The new owner of the Pejepscot purchase petitions the Massachusetts General Court for approval and support to create three new towns: Brunswick, Topsham, and Harpswell.

1716

Incorporation of the town of Georgetown.

1718

Samuel Bellamy’s brief pirate “republic” at Machias. Incorporation of the towns of Falmouth and Biddeford.

1719

Incorporation of the town of Arundel.

1722

1724

Father Rasle Monument

Father Rasle Monument

In the first violence of the 4th Indian War, nine families were seized on the northern end of Merrymeeting Bay. Most were soon released; others were held to trade for hostages held by the British.

Fearing the French influence among the Indians to be a threat to their claims on the land, the British attacked a Native American settlement in Norridgewock, massacring most of the residents, including Jesuit missionary Father Rasle.

1725

Bloody battle of Lovewell’s Pond defeats Sokokis Indians, protects settlers.

1729

The Surveyor of Pines and Timber is directed to mark as property of the Crown such pines of more than 24 inch diameter as he should deem fit for Naval masts, causing resentment among colonists working the forests.

1733

Slavery, an accepted practice in the colonies, documented in York.

1739

Incorporation of the town of Brunswick. Dam built at Saccarappa Falls without fish passage. Chief Polin of Aucocisco tribe walks to Boston to complain to Governor Shirley about dam’s impact on migratory fish runs. People of Westbrook request that fishway be built at Saccarappa Falls dam.

1741

New Hampshire becomes separate province; border with Maine is established.

1742

Population of Maine is estimated at 12,000.

1745

French Fort Louisbourg, on Cape Breton Island in eastern Canada, used to harass colonists, is captured by William Pepperrell.

1750

Population of Maine is estimated at 10,000.

1754

Seven Years’ War, the last of the French and Indian Wars begins.

1759

Fort Pownall in Stockton Springs constructed.

1760

Cumberland and Lincoln Counties formed.Incorporation of the town of Pownalborough. Population of Maine is estimated at 12,000.

1761

Pownalborough Courthouse is the first built in Maine and the only one built prior to the Revolution. Birth of Edward Preble, “Father of the U.S. Navy” and Commander of U.S. naval forces during much of the Tripolitan War, 1801-1805. First settlement in the town of Mount Desert.

1762

Incorporation of the towns of Windham and Bowdoinham.

1763

In the Treaty of Paris, France surrenders all claims to North America; Seven Years’ War ends.

1764

Joseph Chadwick records first non-native sighting of Mount Katahdin. Incorporation of the towns of Topsham, Gorham, and Boothbay.

1765

John Adams, a young lawyer and future U.S. President, tries a case at the Pownalborough Courthouse, now in Dresden.Incorporation of the town of Bristol.

1767

Incorporation of the town of Lebanon.

1768

Birth of Jonathan Fisher, minister, inventor, farmer, architect and builder, surveyor, linguist, naturalist. Incorporation of the Town of Sanford.

1770

Population of Maine: 31,257.

1771

Incorporation of the towns of Hallowell, Vassalborough, Winslow, Winthrop.

1772

Incorporation of the town of Buxton.

1773

Incorporation of the town of Waldoborough and Belfast.

1774

Incorporation of the towns of New Gloucester and Edgecomb.First Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia.

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This entry was last modified: May 06, 2017 02:57 PM

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