Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "women"

Basketball Girls

Girls Consecutive Wins ending in the year noted: School No. Year Camden 87 1954 Eliot 78 1962 Gorham 77 1981 Westbrook 76 1982 New Gloucester 76 1950 Sherman 75 1967   Girls Consecutive Championships School No. Years Westbrook 4 1978-1981 … Continue reading

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Carr, Sister Frances

Shaker Buildings in New Gloucester (2003)

Her memoir, Growing Up Shaker, provides a glimpse into life in the Sabbathday Lake community in New Gloucester. Many orphans, or children whose parents could not afford to care for them, were brought to Shaker communities instead of to orphanages. … Continue reading

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Chute, Carolyn

(1947?- ) (pronounced CHOOT) is a Maine author best known for her Beans of Egypt, Maine which conveys the hard life of the state’s rural poverty.  She was born Carolyn Penny in Portland. She grew up in the rural Pond … Continue reading

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Civil War

Camp scene, 2nd Maine Infantry

had a major impact on Maine, whose armed forces played a leading role in Maine’s participation in the Civil War. The Adjutant General’s Office in Maine State government had extensive records of Maine’s participation in the Civil War. Now in … Continue reading

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Collins, Susan M.

(1952- ) Susan Margaret Collins, a U.S. Senator from Maine, was born in Caribou December 7, 1952, and graduated from St. Lawrence University, Canton, New York in 1975.  A native of Aroostook County , her family has run a lumber … Continue reading

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Cormier, Lucia

(1909-1993) was a trail blazing Maine woman and early political leader. First, Cormier was a woman in politics when that itself was an anomaly, serving six terms in the Maine House of Representatives between 1946 and 1960. She did not … Continue reading

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Craig, Minnie

Minnie D. Davenport was born in Phillips on November 4, 1883, the daughter of Marshall and Aura (Prescott) Davenport. Following high school graduation in Phillips, Minnie attended Farmington State Normal School and the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston. … Continue reading

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December 4

White horse and goats in the snow in New Portland (December 2009)

December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1876 Edwin Flye begins a short term in … Continue reading

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December 6

White horse and goats in the snow in New Portland (December 2009)

December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1915 Shipwreck of the three masted schooner William … Continue reading

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Dempsey, Deborah Doane

was the first female to graduate from Maine Maritime Academy. Born and raised in Connecticut, she went to the University of Vermont where she worked for a yacht delivery company. Later she decided to further her education at the Maine … Continue reading

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Dennistown

Location Map for Dennistown

A scenic location for mountain bicyclists 84 miles north of Skowhegan, it is adjacent to Jackman. See photos. Two ponds with boat launches are several miles west of U.S. Route 201 in its interior. The sparsely populated plantation’s organization was confirmed formally in 1895. Continue reading

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Dix, Dorothea

Dorothea Dix Park

was born on April 4, 1802 in Hampden. A park in her honor was created in that town. She was the first child of three born to Joseph Dix and Mary Bigelow Dix. Her grandfather, Elijah Dix, owned land in … Continue reading

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Eliott, Maxine

Miss Maxine Elliott, c. 1905

Motion pictures . . . The Eternal Magdalene (1919) The Fighting Odds (1917) When the West Was Young (1913) A Doll for the Baby (1913) Samaritan (1913) (1873-1940) was born as Jessie C. Dermott in Rockland on February 5, 1873. … Continue reading

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Hawley, Jean Gannett

(1924-1994) was one of Maine’s most influential media figures. As publisher and chair of the board of Guy Gannett Communications, she controlled a company whose assets included newspapers, television channels, and multi-tenant broadcast towers. As a successful and visible citizen, … Continue reading

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Henry, Harriet

Harriet Putnam Henry (1923-2004) became Maine’s first woman judge in 1973. Nationally recognized as an expert in marine law and coastal management, she soon became known as an advocate for women judges, and for her work in the areas of … Continue reading

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Isaacson, Judith

Judith Magyar Isaacson (1925- ), a Holocaust survivor and former Bates College dean, was born in Kaposvar, Hungary, in 1925. When she was 19, her family was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. From there, Judith, her mother, Rozsa, and … Continue reading

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January 3

The Bailey Farm Windmill in North Anson (2001)

January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1872 First publication of the newspaper the North … Continue reading

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Jewett, Sarah Orne

Sarah Orne Jewett House, South Berwick (2001)

Selected Works Deephaven (1877) The Country of the Pointed Firs (1896) Old Friends And New (1879) Country By-ways (1881) A Country Doctor (1884) The Mate of the Daylight, and Friends Ashore (1884) A Marsh Island. (c. 1885) A White Heron: … Continue reading

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Laughlin, Gail

(1868-1952) was a prominent lawyer, legislator, and women’s rights advocate. She was born on May 7, 1868 as Abbie Hill Laughlin, in Robbinston. She graduated from Portland High School in 1886, receiving the Brown Medal for the highest grades. Laughlin … Continue reading

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Legislative Recognition of Women 2013

STATE OF MAINE _____ IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD TWO THOUSAND AND THIRTEEN _____  JOINT RESOLUTION IN HONOR OF WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH AND IN RECOGNITION OF THE CONTRIBUTION THAT WOMEN MAKE TO MAINE AND TO THE UNITED STATES WHEREAS, … Continue reading

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Legislature, Women Members

Women Legislators 1923-1917

Year House Senate Total 1923 1 0 1 1925 1 0 1 1927 4 2 6 1929 4 3 7 1931 4 1 5 1933 3 1 4 1935 6 1 7 1937 6 2 8 1939 4 1 5 … Continue reading

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Mathilde, Molly

(c1665-1717) was named Pidianiske at birth by her parents who were Wabanaki Indians, which translates to “People Of The Dawn,” because they believed that the sun’s early light reaches the banks of the Penobscot River first, before it touches anywhere … Continue reading

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Mexico

Location Map for Mexico

The town, across the Swift River and the Androscoggin River from Rumford, is home to many workers in the Rumford paper mill. See photos. In the 1960’s, the mill employed over 3,000 people; by 2009 it employed less than 600. The crash in this and other manufacturing has contributed to the sharp population decline Mexico has experienced since 1970. Continue reading

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Mitchell, Elizabeth

Elizabeth "Libby" Mitchell

Maine state legislator and attorney, has made history in the state legislature three times. In 1980 she was elected the first woman House Majority Leader; in 1996, the first woman Speaker of the House; and in 2006 Senate Majority Leader, … Continue reading

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Molly Mollasses

Sarah Molasses, Daughter of Molly Molasses and John Neptune

Mary Pelagie (1775-1867) an early 19th century Native American Penobscot woman, strove to live an autonomous life in an era in which there were numerous hindrances and hardships associated with womanhood. Existing in the late 18th to early 19th century … Continue reading

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Nash, Clara Hapgood

Clara Hapgood Nash, admitted to the Maine bar at Machias in 1872, was the first woman in New England, and only about the fifth in the country, to achieve that status. It was not until 1899 that a law was … Continue reading

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November 19

The Selectmen

November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1892 First publication of the newspaper Saturday Sun in … Continue reading

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Ockett, Molly

(c1740-1816) succeeded in living her life according to Wabanaki traditions and, for the most part, on ancestral land because she was savvy enough to learn how to adapt to the encroaching white settlers and their way of life without assimilating … Continue reading

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Park, Maud Wood

Maud Wood Park, c. 1915-1925

(1871-1955), who spent a substantial part of her life in Maine, was born on January 25, 1871 in Boston. She was a Radcliffe graduate who became an organizer, civic leader, and speaker for causes that moved her. Park organized her … Continue reading

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Pingree, Chellie

Chellie Pingree 2012

(1955-  ) Rochelle “Chellie” Pingree is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the First Congressional District.  She was re-elected in 2012 and 2010, having been elected in 2008 as the first woman representing the district. It marked … Continue reading

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Pinkham, Dora

Dora Pinkham, Source: Maine State Senate

(1891-1941) On January 3, 1923, Dora Bradbury Pinkham took her seat in the Maine House of Representatives as the first woman elected to the Legislature in Maine. Pinkham represented Fort Kent and Wallagrass Plantation (now the Town of Wallagrass). She … Continue reading

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September 13

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1852 Birth date of U.S. Senator (1911-1913) Obadiah Gardner … Continue reading

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Smith, Elizabeth Oakes

Selected works . . . Bertha and Lily, or, The Parsonage of Beech Glen: A Romance. (1854)The Dandelion (1845)Jack Spanker and the Mermaid (1843?)The Newsboy (1854)Old New York: or, Democracy in 1689. A tragedy, in five acts. (1853) The Poetical … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1874

1875 Law Giving the Authority to Solemnize Marriage and Administer Oaths

Text of a 1875 law giving women the authority to solemnize marriage and administer oaths. (Click to enlarge.) Prior to 1875, women, who could not yet vote, had no authority to act as a justice of the peace, administering oaths, … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892

[pp. 13-17] LIST OF EMPLOYMENTS. Women were found engaged in the following employments. Artists. Art stores. Bazaars. Cigar stores. Crockery stores. Confectionery stores. Dry goods stores. Dry goods and notion stores. Dry goods and carpet stores. Dry and fancy goods … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892 Statistics

Women Wage Workers by Occupation 1892

STATISTICS FROM A SURVEY FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR STATISTICS REPORT, 1892 [pp. 150-151] Out of a total of 2,583 there are 115 who cannot read and 124 Who cannot write the English language, or between four and … Continue reading

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Stowe, Harriet Beecher

The "Stowe House" c. 1950

Selected works The Mayflower, or, Sketches of scenes and characters among the descendants of the Pilgrims (1843) The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (1855) An inside View of Slavery; or, A tour among the planters (1855) Dred; a Tale … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History 10: Seeds of Change

The Nearing

1950-1974 The third quarter of the twentieth century began to draw Maine closer to national and international events as earlier ways of life were challenged. Salting of cod, a centuries old tradition, ended with refigeration. Indians were given the right … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History 11: Political Change, Economic Challenges

Women Members of the Maine Legislature

1975-2003 During this period Maine state government was reorganized as a divided legislature faced an Independent governor, and the archaic Executive Council was abolished. Democrats outnumbered Republicans among registered voters for the first time; but unenrolled (“independent”) voters soon outnumbered … Continue reading

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Women in the World

Washburn Norlands Living History Center in Livermore

Assertive and Independent: Maine Women in the World by Polly Welts Kaufman From a presentation at the June 6, 2008 Norlands Conference. Maine women in every imaginable field have left the state taking their independent spirits, imagination, talents, and education … Continue reading

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