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Entries listed under "Revolutionary War"

Anson

Location Map for Anson

Settled in 1772, known as Brookfield, Seven Mile Brook Plantation, and Titcomb Town, it is named for British Lord George Anson. In 1775, Benedict Arnold’s expedition camped at Norridgewock Falls, near the current town office. Continue reading

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April 19

Common Flicker at Marsh River Bog Preserve, Newcastle (April 2009)

April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord begins the Revolutionary … Continue reading

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Arnold Expedition

Bateau North

Benedict Arnold led an expedition through Maine to capture Quebec for the American Revolution in 1775. Hover over red dots, then click to go to related articles. Follow the bateaux toward Quebec or trace the trail back to the beginning … Continue reading

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Arnold, Benedict

Arnold

led an expedition in 1775 from Massachusetts, up the Kennebec River and through the Maine woods to join General Philip Schuyler in an attempt to defeat the British at Quebec. It left Cambridge on September 11th under orders from General … Continue reading

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August 14

Chimney Pond in Baxter State Park (August 2001)

August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1635 The vessel Angel Gabriel was wrecked at … Continue reading

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Benton

Location Map for Benton

a town in Kennebec County, was incorporated as Sebasticook in 1842. Its name was changed to Benton in 1850 in honor of Missouri Democratic U.S. Senator Thomas Hart Benton. Benton Station is a location near the Maine Central Railroad tracks and the Kennebec River. The Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge manages a refuge in Benton. See photos. Continue reading

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Caratunk

Location Map for Caratunk

in Somerset County lies 40 miles north of Skowhegan on the Kennebec River, where both Pierce Pond Stream and Pleasant Pond Stream enter. The Appalachian Trail crosses the river aided by a canoe shuttle. Benedick Arnold marched through on his way to Quebec. See video and photos. Continue reading

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Carrying Place Township

South on the Bowtown Road in the Township (2007)

The township is immediately west of the Kennebec River, across from Caratunk, host to the next northerly section of the Appalachian Trail.  Access by road begins across the river from Bingham. A right turn  brings one to the Carry Pond … Continue reading

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Carrying Place Town TWP

Historic Topographic Map of T2 R3 (1956)

Appalachian Trail routes from details of a 1956 Historic Topographic Map. This township is technically known as T2 R3 BKP WKR. The latter initials mean Binghham’s Kennebec Purchase West of the Kennebec River. The township (Not to be confused with … Continue reading

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Chain of Ponds

is the name for Township T2 R6 WBKP, which contains the Chain Lakes, a waterway that provided Benedict Arnold’s expedition with the final passage to Canada on October 25th and 26th in 1775. The North Branch of the Dead River … Continue reading

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Chandler, John

John Chandler, Senate President courtesy Maine State Archives

(1762-1841) was born in Epping, New Hampshire, brother of Thomas Chandler and uncle of Zachariah Chandler, both penniless and illiterate. A U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and a U. S. Senator from Maine, he served in Congress in the following years: … Continue reading

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Dead River and Flagstaff Lake

Location Map for Dead River and Flagstaff Lake

The bulk of Flagstaff Lake (maps on right) cover Flagstaff, Bigelow, and Dead River townships in western Somerset County. The North Branch of the Dead River (maps on left) flow through the town of Eustis. Comparing the course of the … Continue reading

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December 31

White horse and goats in the snow in New Portland (December 2009)

December 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition collaborates in a two-pronged … Continue reading

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Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence, essentially in following format, was printed and distributed by order of the Massachusetts Legislative Council. Each Maine town received a copy and had it read to the assembled inhabitants. This was their official notification of the … Continue reading

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Dresden

Location Map for Dresden

is site of the 1761 Pownalborough Courthouse, the first built in Maine, visited by future President John Adams, Daniel Webster, and Benedict Arnold on his way to Quebec. The Earle R. Kelley Wildlife Management Area and the Dresden Bog are here in the area first settled in 1752. Continue reading

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East Machias

Location Map for East Machias

in Washington County, incorporated 1826. Benjamin Foster built a house here in 1765 and served in the Revolutionary War. Washington Academy, a private boarding school serving grades 9-12, was established in 1792 and is one of the oldest academies in Maine. See photos. Continue reading

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Eliot

Location Map for Eliot

in York County, settled in the 1630s, on the east side of the Piscataqua River dividing Maine from New Hampshire, is a growing residential community serving Kittery and Portsmouth. See photos. Its population expanded by almost 12% in the 1990-2000 decade. Eliot was home to Maine’s first Quaker Meetinghouse built in 1776. Continue reading

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Fort Pownall

Penobscot Bay at the mouth of the Penobscot River near Fort Pownall (2001)

stood on Fort Point in Stockton Springs on the Penobscot River. In 1626 the English set up a trading post at the mouth of the Penobscot River. The French and Indians attacked with great ferocity. In ten years it was … Continue reading

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Fort William Henry

Fort William Henry (2001)

is located in the town of Bristol, Lincoln County, in the Pemaquid area. Built in 1692, it was destroyed in 1696 by the French under the leadership of Baron de Castin. The tower, and parade grounds are replicas built in … Continue reading

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Foster, Benen, Revolutionary War Deposition

Map: 1785 Survey of Machias Bay

On this fourth day of December A.D. 1832 personally appeared in open court before the Hon. John Dickinson Judge of the Court of Probate now sitting, Benen Foster a Resident of the Parish of Wakefield, County of York Province of … Continue reading

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Franklin

Location Map for Franklin

Blueberries and Christmas trees are major crops in this still growing rural community. The Taunton Bay Islands nature preserve consists of two small islands. Named for Benjamin Franklin, the town lies east of Ellsworth. Continue reading

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Harpswell

Location Map for Harpswell

Historically a collection of small villages, some on islands, the closest to a town center is the town office and the recycling center on the Mountain Road. See photos. Its population doubles in summer as seasonal residents return. Several easy hiking trails and nature preserves are at hand. A historic park is at Harpswell Center. Continue reading

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Hebron

Location Map for Hebron

Hebron Academy is a private school established in 1804 by Revolutionary War veteran William Barrows. Maine U.S. Representative Stanley Tupper graduated from the Academy. See photos. The growing community has more than doubled its population since 1980. It lies within easy commuting distance northwest of the Lewiston-Auburn area. Continue reading

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Hiram

Location Map for Hiram

The villages of Hiram and East Hiram are divided by the Saco River. Nearby Mount Cutler sports a hiking trail; a chain of ponds hugs the western border above South Hiram. Raymond Cotton, a storekeeper and author, made many home movies. See photos & 1938 video on blueberry farming. The community buildings (churches, library, grange, museum) are within walking distance in Hiram village. Continue reading

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July 19

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1779 Forty vessels leave Boston for Penobscot Bay … Continue reading

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July 25

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1779 Penobscot Expedition arrives at Castine to remove … Continue reading

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July 28

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1799 Americans defeated in disastrous attack on British … Continue reading

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July 4

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1776 American Declaration of Independence issued   1786 … Continue reading

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June 12

Bathers at Old Orchard Beach on Saco Bay (June 2010)

June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1762 Incorporation of the town of Windham 1775 The … Continue reading

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June 2

Bathers at Old Orchard Beach on Saco Bay (June 2010)

June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1771 In probably the earliest patriotic incident in Maine, … Continue reading

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June 25

Bathers at Old Orchard Beach on Saco Bay (June 2010)

June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Major-General Henry Knox Day. Officially designated to honor Major-General … Continue reading

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June 26

Bathers at Old Orchard Beach on Saco Bay (June 2010)

June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1793 Birth date of Joseph Hall, U.S. Congress member … Continue reading

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Kennebunk

Location Map for Kennebunk

The name means “the long cut bank” for a land formation near the sea. Shipbuilding and shipping were once staples of the economy, now oriented to tourism and light manufacturing. See photos. The conversion of historic buildings for contemporary use and the historic districts have enhanced Kennebunk’s attraction for visitors and new residents. Continue reading

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Knox, Henry

Knox Mansion Montpelier [reconstruction] (2001)

The current Montpelier, built 1929-1931, is a replica of the original. After many years attempting to raise funds for construction, publisher and philanthropist Cyrus H. K. Curtis donated $250,000 to more than match the $50,000 raised by the Knox Memorial … Continue reading

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Levant

Location Map for Levant

In the 1990-2000 decade Levant, just 8 miles from Bangor, was one of the fastest growing towns in the area with population growing by more than 25%. The next decade it grew by over 31%. The Minerva Grange was formed in1902 when 54 people voted to do so. It is still used for community meetings. Continue reading

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Machias

Location Map for Machias

The town, and its Burnham Tavern, was the site of anti-British plotting resulting in capturing the schooner Margaretta. The Tavern was built in 1770, the only building in eastern Maine directly connected with the American Revolution. The Washington County seat, it is located on the Machias River, the engine of its earlier lumbering and shipbuilding industries. Once a haven for pirates, and now a commercial center, it is home to the University of Maine at Machias. Continue reading

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Madison

The site of many mills in its history, its largest has been a paper mill at the dam where U.S. Route 201 crosses the Kennebec River from Anson. Until the end of the log drives in 1976, the river was often choked with pulp logs destined for this mill and others. The Lakewood Summer Theater, opened in 1901 in East Madison. Benedick Arnold passed through on his way to Quebec. Continue reading

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Margaretta

Map: 1785 Survey of Machias Bay

On May 9, 1775, Captain James Moore sailed the British warship, the Margaretta, into Machias harbor with news of the battles of Lexington and Concord. The vessel had traveled to Maine to insure that a load of lumber was delivered … Continue reading

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New Vineyard

Location Map for New Vineyard

Framed by the Carrabassett and Sandy Rivers, this irregularly shaped town’s main village lies on Maine Route 27 between New Portland and Farmington. See photos. The Maine Wood Turning company is on Route 27 in the village. Nearby Bauds, Mill, and Lily ponds, and frontage on Porter Lake, provide wide fishing and recreational opportunities. Continue reading

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November 9

The Selectmen

November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition through Maine to attach Quebec … Continue reading

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October 11

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition to attack Quebec begins … Continue reading

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October 14

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 The Benedict Arnold expedition to Quebec reaches … Continue reading

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October 16

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 The Benedict Arnold expedition to Quebec crosses … Continue reading

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October 18

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 Falmouth (Portland) burned by British Captain Mowatt’s … Continue reading

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October 19

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition to attack Quebec is … Continue reading

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October 2

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition arrives at Norridgewock Falls … Continue reading

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October 21

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 The Benedict Arnold expedition to Quebec arrives … Continue reading

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October 26

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1775 The Benedict Arnold expedition to Quebec crosses … Continue reading

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October 27

Southbound Appalachian Trail Crossing at Moxie Pond (October 2007)

October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1780 A Harvard scientific expedition viewed a total … Continue reading

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Parsonsfield

Location Map for Parsonsfield

Kezar Falls, a village on the Ossipee River named for George Kezar, is the largest in the area at the junction of Maine Routes 25 and 160. The community is split between Parsonsfield and Porter across the river, and is governed and taxed separately by the two towns. An early 20th century sanatorium, Maple Crest, was “located among the beautiful Limerick hills, the wild and picturesque outlines of which may be seen in every direction from the building. The view is in itself enough to stimulate the interest and mental activity so important to the cure of all diseases. Continue reading

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Penobscot Expedition

After months of alarm and gathering of resources, on July 19, 1779 forty vessels left Boston Harbor for Penobscot Bay on the ill-fated Penobscot Expedition to remove the British from that region and Castine in particular. Not willing to await … Continue reading

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Pittston

Location Map for Dresden

The Reuben Colburn House in Pittston, Maine is the site of one of the original settlements in Maine. Built in 1765, it was one of the first on the east side of the Kennebec River in an area later known locally as Colburntown. See photos. The house and carriage house is now owned by the Arnold Expedition Society. The village of East Pittston is located on the Eastern River near the town line with Whitefield. Route 194 serves the village and the Pittston Fair Grounds nearby. Continue reading

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Preble, Edward

(1761-1807) was born in Falmouth, now Portland, on August 15, 1761 and has been called the “Father of the American Navy.” He played a decisive role in keeping the waters of Maine safe from Barbary pirates as Commander of U.S. … Continue reading

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Revolutionary War Deposition of Caleb Gordon

Map: Wilderness Route Followed by Caleb Gordon

I Caleb Gordon, aged Sixty three years, a citizen of the United States, born in Brentwood in the State of New Hampshire on oath testify & declare (being now resident in Augusta in the District of Maine) that in April … Continue reading

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Revolutionary War Deposition of James Boaz

I, James Boaz of Portland in the County of Cumberland, on oath declare and say that I was born in Plymouth in Massachusetts which was my place of residence when I enlisted at Cambridge in the year 1780 or thereabouts … Continue reading

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Revolutionary War Deposition of Jonathan Knox

I Jonathan Knox of Berwick in the County of York, and State of Maine, aged Eighty years, do upon Oath declare, in order to obtain the benefit of a Resolve of the Legislature of Maine passed March 17 1835, entitled … Continue reading

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Revolutionary War, Veterans

Dubros Times Selected Depositions of Maine  Revolutionary War Veterans This is the Introduction to the publication named above and edited by Sylvia J. Sherman of the Maine State Archives. It provides a context for the depositions selected here. More are … Continue reading

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Richmond

Location Map for Richmond

The main village is located on the west side of the Kennebec River, just south of Gardiner on Maine Route 24, where the river splits to form Swan Island. See photos.Benedict Arnold’s expedition, having first landed at Swan Island in the river across from the town, passed by the remnants of Fort Richmond. The town has a substantial collection of grand houses, including several Greek Revival specimens. Peacock Beach State Park is near the historic Peacock Tavern on U.S. Route 201. Continue reading

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September 11

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition moves out from Cambridge, Massachusetts … Continue reading

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September 19

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition sails from Newburyport, on its … Continue reading

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September 21

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition to Quebec enters the Kennebec … Continue reading

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September 22

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold Expedition arrives in Gardnerstown (Pittston). 1866 … Continue reading

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September 23

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1815 The “September Gale” of 1815 felled trees in … Continue reading

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September 24

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 “In recognition of the value and importance of every … Continue reading

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September 26

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition Arrives at Fort Halifax (Winslow) … Continue reading

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September 29

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1775 Benedict Arnold expedition reaches Skowhegan and makes camp. … Continue reading

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Skowhegan

Location Map for Skowhegan

Recorded as Skwahegan in early reports, the name means “watching place for fish,” drawn from the falls in the Kennebec River that harbored salmon. See photos. Local Indians speared them as they attempted to scale the falls. Textile and shoe manufacturing were major employment options for local residents during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Once home to Camp Modin, a camp for Jewish boys and girls until 1992, Lake George Regional Park is split between Skowhegan and Canaan. Continue reading

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Steuben

Location Map for Steuben

This Washington County fishing and summer residential community projects two peninsulas (Dyer Neck and Petit Manan Point) divided by Dyer Bay into coastal waters. See photos. A small section of Penobscot Indian Territory is located at Dyer Harbor on Dyer Neck. The main village lies at the head of Gouldsboro Bay on U.S. Route 1. Continue reading

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Swan Island

Location Map for Swan Island

in the Kennebec River between Richmond and Dresden in Sagadahoc County is the only state-owned wildlife management area that is also a game preserve providing sanctuary for migrating waterfowl and the resident white-tailed deer. It is also the only management … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History 04: The American Revolution

Machias Bay 1785

1775-1789 1775 Battle of Lexington and Concord begins the Revolutionary War. Second Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia. Benedict Arnold and his expedition reach Swan Island in the Kennebec River, move through the state to Quebec. The British ship Margaretta is … Continue reading

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Vassalboro

Location Map for Vassalboro

has sufficient space to support farming as well as serving as a residential area for people working in Augusta and Waterville. See video and photos. Benedict Arnold stopped here to obtain a canoe on his way to Quebec. Site of Oak Grove Seminary in 1844, then Oak Grove Coburn school in 1970, then the Maine Criminal Justice Academy in 2001. Continue reading

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Wadsworth, Peleg

Peleg Wadsworth (1748-1829) was a Representative to Congress from Massachusetts. Born in Duxbury, Massachusetts, he attended public and private schools, and was graduated from Harvard College in 1769. After a brief period in business in Kingston, Massachusetts, Wadsworth served in … Continue reading

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Whitneyville

Location Map for Whitneyville

On the west bank of the Machias River, it was the site where the vessel Margaretta was hidden from the British after her capture in 1775. Lumbering and blueberry growing have been the mainstays of the local economy over the years. See photos. The town is a long, narrow north-south mile-wide strip of land on U.S. Route 1A between Jonesboro and Machias. Continue reading

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Winslow

Winslow is on the east side of the Kennebec River, across from Waterville, on Routes U.S. 201 and Maine routes 32, 100, 100A, and 137. See photos. A reconstructed blockhouse of Fort Halifax, which incorporates many original timbers, stands on the fort’s original site. Continue reading

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