Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "governors"

A Sample of Governors Addresses

Inaugural Address, Governor William King, 1820 Inaugural Address, Governor Hannibal Hamlin, 1857 Inaugural Address, Governor James B. Longley, 1975 Inaugural Address, Governor Joseph E. Brennan, 1979 Inaugural Address, Governor Joseph E. Brennan, 1983 Inaugural Address, Governor John R. McKernan, Jr., … Continue reading

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Ames, Benjamin

(1778-1835) a Democratic-Republican from Bath, born October 30, 1778, was acting governor 1821-1822 and President of the Maine Senate in 1824. He was born in Andover, Massachusetts and Harvard educated, moved to Bath in 1806 and was admitted to the … Continue reading

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Anderson, Hugh J.

(1801-1881) was a U.S. Representative born in Wiscasset on May 10, 1801 where he attended the local schools. He moved to Belfast in 1815 and was employed as a clerk in the mercantile establishment of his uncle. Clerk of the … Continue reading

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Auburn

Location Map for Auburn

home to two U.S. Senators: William D. Hathaway and Olympia J. Snowe; 5th largest city by population; Androscoggin County seat; 20+ National Historic Register places. It also hosts Central Maine Community College. Continue reading

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Augusta Historic Register

D. V. Adams Block (2015)

National Register of Historic Places – Augusta Much of Augusta’s history is tied to two eras: the early settlement and trading on the Kennebec River, and the long period it has served as the state’s capital.  Official government buildings and … Continue reading

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Baldacci, John E.

Governor John E. Baldacci (2009)

(1955- ), a U.S. Representative was born in Bangor on January 30, 1955. He graduated Bangor High School, 1973 and received a B.A. from the University of Maine, Orono in 1986. A restaurant operator, he was a member of the … Continue reading

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Bangor

Location map for Bangor

When Maine separated from Massachusetts in 1820, the vast Maine timberlands were put on the block for speculation, which drew investors and fortune hunters. By the 1830s, Bangor was building 500 structures annually. Dow Air Force Base provided an economic and civic boost during the Cold War until closing in 1968. The creation of Bangor International Airport turned the potential liability into an asset. Continue reading

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Barrows, Lewis O.

Lewis O. Barrows (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1893-1967) born in Newport on June 7, 1893, attended local schools and the University of Maine.  He returned home to work in his father’s drug store, in the insurance business, and then as Newport’s Town Treasurer for twelve years. A … Continue reading

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Baxter, Percival P.

Percival P. Baxter (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1876-1969) was Maine governor from 1921 to 1925, and donated the land for Baxter State Park beginning in 1931. Born on November 22, 1876, he was the son of James Phinney Baxter and Mehitable Proctor Cummings Baxter. He attended schools … Continue reading

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Bodwell, Joseph R.

Joseph Bodwell, Jr. (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1818-1887) was born in Methuen, Massachusetts on June 18, 1818. His family was poor and at age eight he went to live with a neighbor, working on his farm and receiving little education. At sixteen he was free to hire … Continue reading

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Bowdoin College

Massachusetts Hall (2002)

is a liberal arts institution located in Brunswick. In June 1794 Massachusetts Governor Samuel Adams signed an act to establish Bowdoin College promoted by James Bowdoin III, who gave financial support to its formation and named it in honor of … Continue reading

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Brann, Louis J.

Louis J. Brann (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1876-1948) of Lewiston, born in Madison on July 6, 1876, was elected Maine’s first Democratic governor in two decades during depression era sweeps in 1932 and again in 1934. He defeated first Burleigh Martin of Augusta, then Alfred Ames of … Continue reading

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Brennan, Joseph E.

Joseph E. Brennan

(1934- ) was a U.S. Representative born in Portland on November 2, 1934. He attended public schools, then received a B.S. from Boston College in 1958, and an LL.B. from the University of Maine Law School in 1963. State public … Continue reading

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Brewster, Ralph Owen

Ralph Owen Brewster (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1888-1961) a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from Maine was born in Dexter on February 22, 1888. He attended the public schools; was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1909, and from the law department of Harvard University 1913. He … Continue reading

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Burleigh, Edwin C.

Edwin C. Burleigh (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

(1843-1916) a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from Maine, was born in Linneus, November 27, 1843, attended the common schools and was graduated from the Houlton Academy. He taught school, was a clerk in the adjutant general’s office, a … Continue reading

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Chamberlain, Joshua L.

Joshua L. Chamberlain (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1828-1914) was born September 8, 1828, in Brewer the eldest of five children. He worked on his father’s farm and, like many other promising young men, taught school for a time. Entering Bowdoin College in Brunswick in 1848, Chamberlain studied … Continue reading

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Civil War

Camp scene, 2nd Maine Infantry

had a major impact on Maine, whose armed forces played a leading role in Maine’s participation in the Civil War. The Adjutant General’s Office in Maine State government had extensive records of Maine’s participation in the Civil War. Now in … Continue reading

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Clauson, Clinton A.

Clinton A. Clauson (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

was born in Iowa on March 24, 1898. After attending local schools and serving in the U.S. Army during World War I, he graduated from the Palmer School of Chiropractic and soon moved his practice to Waterville, where he practiced … Continue reading

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Cleaves, Henry B.

Henry B. Cleaves (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1840-1912) born in Bridgton on February 6, 1840, was Maine governor from 1893 to 1897. Educated in local schools and at Bridgeton Academy, During the Civil War he enlisted in Company B of the 23rd Maine Volunteers and by War’s … Continue reading

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Cobb, William T.

William T. Cobb (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1857-1937) born in Rockland on July 23, 1857, was Maine governor from 1905 to 1909. Educated in local schools, he graduated from Bowdoin College in 1877 and did graduate work at the University of Leipzig and the University of Berlin. … Continue reading

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Coburn, Abner

Abner Coburn (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1803-1885) governor of Maine 1863-1864, was born in that part of Canaan now Skowhegan on March 22, 1803. He was the great-grandson of Joseph Weston, one of the town’s first settlers. His brother, Stephen Coburn, was a member of Congress. … Continue reading

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Cony, Samuel

Samuel Cony (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1811-1870), Governor of Maine from 1864 to 1867, was born in Augusta on February 27, 1811 in a politically active family with a military tradition. His father, General Samuel Cony, was the first Adjutant-General of Maine, holding that office for … Continue reading

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Crosby, William G.

William G. Crosby (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1805-1881) was born in Belfast on September 10, 1805. He was educated at Belfast Academy and graduated from Bowdoin College just before his eighteenth birthday. He was the first person born in Belfast to receive a college education. His contemporaries … Continue reading

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Cross, Burton M.

Burton M. Cross (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1902-  ) was born in Gardiner, on November 15, 1902, graduated from Cony High School in 1920 and became a florist in Augusta in 1926. In 1933 he won a seat on the Augusta Common Council and four years later … Continue reading

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Crossword Governors

Governors Crossword

This crossword puzzle focuses on Maine governors, their impact and backgrounds. Search the Encyclopedia for answers as needed. Print pages 1 and 2 for puzzle and clues. – – __Across 2.     The governor’s office is located in the __________ 6.     … Continue reading

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Curtis, Kenneth M.

Governor Ken Curtis, wife Polly, and daughter Angel (from a Christmas card sent to friends while governor.)

(1931- ) was governor of Maine from 1967 to 1975, and was Chair of the Democratic National Committee in 1977. William Curtis moved to the to the Town of Leeds in 1800 in what is now Curtis Corner, once a … Continue reading

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Curtis, Oakley C.

Oakley C. Curtis (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1865-1924) of Portland was born March 29, 1865 and attended local public schools. He began work as a clerk for the Grand Trunk Railroad, then worked for a wholesale coal dealership, becoming its manager then president. Curtis later focused on … Continue reading

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Cutler, Nathaniel

Governor Nathan Cutler (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1775-1861) was a farmer’s son who decided to leave the land against his father’s wishes. Born in Lexington, Massachusetts on May 29, 1775, he attended Leicester Academy, then graduated from Dartmouth in 1798. After teaching briefly in Middlebury, Vermont while … Continue reading

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Dana, John W.

John W. Dana (courtesy, Maine State Archives)

(1808-1867) born in Fryeburg on June 21, 1808. He was educated at Fryeburg Academy and later became a trustee of that institution. Dana became a business person rather than the lawyer his father had hoped he would be. Later he … Continue reading

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Davis, Daniel

Daniel F. Davis (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1843-1897) , born in Freedom, was elected Governor by the Legislature after the disputed election of 1879 resulted in no majority at the polls. Although Davis, the Republican candidate from Corinth, received by far the most votes (68, 967 of … Continue reading

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Dingley, Nelson Jr.

Nelson Dingley, Jr. (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1832-1899) a U.S. Representative was born in Durham on February 15, 1832. He attended the common schools at Unity, Waterville Seminary, and Waterville College, now Colby College. Dingley was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1855, studied law and was admitted … Continue reading

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Dunlap, Robert P.

Robert Pinkney Dunlap (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1794-1859) a U.S. Representative, was born in Brunswick on August 17, 1794, was educated by private tutors and was graduated from Bowdoin College in 1815. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1818 and commenced practice in Brunswick. … Continue reading

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Dunn, David

David Dunn (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1811-1894) was born in Cornish on January 17, 1811. Where he received whatever formal education he possessed remains a mystery but we do know that he studied law under then future Governor, “Squire” John Fairfield, of Saco. Dunn was admitted … Continue reading

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Elections, Campaign Debates

Candidates for Governor Selections from Maine Public Broadcasting Network Debate, November 1, 2006 This election debate was co-sponsored by the Margaret Chase Smith Policy Center and hosted by Fred Bever. Responses are complete but each selection has been condensed by … Continue reading

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Elections, Governor Results

Elections for governor were initially held annually. In 1880, a two-year term was introduced and lasted through 1958, when four-year terms were instituted. (See election procedures.) The tables below report the election year, votes for Democrats, Republicans, and the next … Continue reading

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Fairfield, John

John Fairfield, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1797-1847), a U.S. Representative and a Senator from Maine, was born in Saco on January 30, 1797, attended the Saco schools, Thornton Academy, and Bowdoin College. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1826, and began his practice … Continue reading

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February 6

The Wire Bridge in New Portland (2001)

February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 1788 U. S. Constitution ratified by Massachusetts 1812 Incorporation of … Continue reading

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Fernald, Bert M.

Bert M. Fernald (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1858-1926) a Senator from Maine, was born in West Poland, Androscoggin County, April 3, 1858. He attended the public schools, Hebron Academy, and a business and preparatory school in Boston. Fernald taught school, was elected supervisor of schools in at … Continue reading

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Garcelon, Alonzo

Alonzo Garcelon (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1813-1906) born in Lewiston on May 6, 1813, was Maine governor from 1879 to 1870. Educated at academies in Monmouth, Waterville, and Newcastle, he worked his way through Bowdoin College by teaching school, graduating in 1836. After attending medical school … Continue reading

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Gardiner, William Tudor

William Tudor Gardiner (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1892-1953) born in Newton, Massachusetts on June 12, 1892, attended Groton School, Harvard and Harvard Law School. He was admitted to the Bar in 1917 and in the same year enlisted in the First Maine Heavy Artillery. During World War … Continue reading

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Governors

William King, Maine

initially were elected for one year terms, then two year terms beginning in 1880, and finally in 1962 four year terms were adopted. From 1820 through 1853, fifteen of the eighteen governors were Democratic-Republicans or Democrats. (See election results and … Continue reading

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Haines, William T.

William T. Haines (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1854-1919) born in Levant on August 7, 1854, attended local schools and the University of Maine. After receiving his LL.B. from Albany Law School in 1878, he was admitted to the Maine bar the following year. Haines began his legal … Continue reading

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Hall, Joshua

Joshua Hall (courtesy Maine State Archives)

was born on October 22, 1768 in Lewes, Delaware. He served the town of Frankfort in the General Court in 1814, 1816, 1818 and 1819, and was a member of the Maine House of Representatives in 1820-1821. A National Republican, … Continue reading

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Hamlin, Hannibal

Governor Hannibal Hamlin (1857), during the Civil War, Matthew Brady Studio, from the National Archives collections

(1809-1891) a Representative and a Senator from Maine and a Vice President of the United States, was born at Paris Hill in Oxford County on August 27, 1809. He attended the district schools, Hebron Academy, and Kents Hill School. Hamlin … Continue reading

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Haskell, Robert N.

Robert N. Haskell (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1904-  ) was born in Bangor, Maine on August 24, 1904. He was educated in local schools and received a degree in engineering from the University of Maine in 1905. Following graduation, he was employed by the Bangor Hydro-Electric Company … Continue reading

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Hildreth, Horace A.

Horace A. Hildreth (courtesy Maine State Museum)

  (1902-1988 ) born in December 1902 in Gardiner, the son of an attorney, attended local schools before graduating from Bowdoin College in the class of 1925 and receiving his LL.B. from Harvard in 1928. In Boston he joined the … Continue reading

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Hill, John Freemont

John Fremont Hill (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1855-1912) born in Eliot on October 29, 1855, was Maine governor from 1901 to 1905. Educated in local schools, he attended the Maine Medical School of Brunswick receiving his degree in 1877. Although he practiced medicine for a year in … Continue reading

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Hubbard, John

John Hubbard (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1794-1869) of Hallowell, was born in Readfield March 22, 1794. His father, a physician and farmer, though once prosperous, fell on hard times and lost much of his property. Hubbard had little high school education, but decided to improve himself … Continue reading

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Hunton, Jonathan

Jonathan G. Hunton (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1781-1851) was born in Unity, New Hampshire on March 14, 1781. After early education in the common schools, he moved to Readfield as a young man to study law with his uncle, Samuel P. Glidden, the first lawyer in that … Continue reading

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Kavanagh, Edward

Edward Kavanaugh (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1795-1844) a U.S. Representative, was born in Newcastle on April 27, 1795. He attended Montreal Seminary, Montreal, Canada, and Georgetown College, Georgetown, D.C., and was graduated from St. Mary’s College, Baltimore, Maryland, in 1813. He studied law, was admitted to … Continue reading

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Kent, Edward

(1802-1877) was born in Concord, New Hampshire on January 8, 1802. After studying law with Benjamin Orr of Topsham, Kent began his own practice in Bangor in September of 1825. He later was a partner in several law firms and … Continue reading

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King, Angus S. Jr.

Governor King and his wife, Mary Hermon (2002)

(1944- ) was born on March 31st, 1944, in Alexandria, Virginia, was president of two of his classes at the local high school, graduated from Dartmouth College in 1966 and the University of Virginia Law School in 1969. While in … Continue reading

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King, William

Portrait of Governor William King

(1768-1852) the first governor of Maine, was a wealthy business owner and politician. At one point, the wealthiest ship owner in Maine, he was active in politics representing first Topsham then Bath in the Massachusetts legislature at various times between … Continue reading

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LePage, Paul R.

Paul R. LePage (governor

(from the governor’s official internet site, April 25, 2011) Remarkable Life Story Paul LePage has spent most of his life tackling one challenge after another, the kinds of challenges that defeat most people. The oldest son of eighteen children in … Continue reading

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Lincoln, Enoch

(1749-1829) was born in Hingham, Massachusetts on December 28, 1788. His father was Lieutenant Governor of that State from 1807 to 1808. Enoch entered Harvard College in 1806 but withdrew in 1808. In 1821 he received an honorary Master of … Continue reading

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Longley Inaugural Address 1975

Governor James B. Longley, January 2, 1975 INAUGURAL ADDRESS Mr. President, Mr. Speaker, Mr. Chief Justice, Associate Justices, former Governors, and Members of the 107th Legislature. Tonight I begin my duties as Governor of Maine with full realization of the … Continue reading

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Longley, James B. Sr.

James B. Longley, Sr. in the governor

(1924-1980) born in Lewiston, attended public schools, Baldwin College, and received a law degree from the University of Maine in 1957. After his service with the Army Air Corps during World War II, he returned to enter the insurance business … Continue reading

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Marble, Sebastian S.

Sebastian S. Marble (Senate President photo, Maine State Archives)

was born on March 1, 1817 in Dixfield and attended local schools and Waterville Academy before deciding to study law. He was admitted to the Maine Bar in 1843 and after two years of traveling and teaching in the west … Continue reading

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McKernan, John R. Jr.

Governor McKernan at a news conference (Maine State Archives)

(1948- ) a U.S. Representative, was born in Bangor on May 20, 1948. He attended public schools of Bangor, earned a B.A. from Dartmouth College in 1970, and his J.D. from the University of Maine School of Law in 1974. … Continue reading

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Milliken, Carl E.

Carl E. Milliken (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1877-1961) was born on July 13, 1877 in Pittsfield, attended public schools there before graduating from Cony High School, then Bates College in the class of 1897. He went on to receive his masters degree from Harvard in 1899 before … Continue reading

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Morrill, Anson P.

Anson P. Morrill (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1803-1887), brother of Lot Myrick Morrill, a U.S. Representative, was born in Belgrade on June 10, 1803 and attended the district schools. Appointed postmaster at Dearborn, Kennebec County, he served from November 1, 1825 to June 3, 1841. He moved … Continue reading

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Morrill, Lot M.

Lot M. Morrill (courtesy Maine State Archives)

  (1813-1883), a Senator from Maine and brother of Anson Peaslee Morrill, was born in Belgrade, May 3, 1813. He attended the district schools and Waterville (now Colby) College. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1839, and … Continue reading

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Muskie, Edmund S.

Edmund S. Muskie (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

(1914-1996) received a B.A. from Bates College and law degree from Cornell University, and served in the Navy in World War II. He entered politics winning a seat in the Maine House of Representatives in 1946 while practicing law in … Continue reading

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Parkhurst, Frederick H.

(1864-1921) born in Unity on November 5, 1864, attended local schools, and after receiving his degree from Columbia Law School in 1887, he was admitted to the Maine bar. Parkhurst joined his father in a leather goods business of which … Continue reading

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Parris, Albion K.

Albion K. Parris (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1788-1857) was born in Hebron, Maine (at that time a part of Massachusetts) on January 19, 1788. He was a cousin of Virgil Delphini Parris also a U.S. U.S. Representative. Albion Parris, a U.S. Representative from Massachusetts and a Senator … Continue reading

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Payne, Frederick G.

Frederick G. Payne (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

(1904-1978) a Senator from Maine; born in Lewiston on July 24, 1904. He attended the public schools of Lewiston and the Bentley School of Accounting and Finance in Boston. During early school days he worked as a newsboy, usher and … Continue reading

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Perham, Sidney

Sidney Perham, governor

(1819-1907) a U.S. Representative, was born in Woodstock on March 27, 1819 where he attended the common schools and engaged in agricultural pursuits. He later became a resident of nearby Paris. A member of the Maine House of Representatives in … Continue reading

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Plaisted, Frederick W.

Frederick W. Plaisted (courtesy of Maine State Museum)

(1865-1943) born in Bangor on July 26, 1865, served as Governor 1911-1913. His father, Harris M. Plaisted, was a Republican governor from 1881 to 1883. After attending local public schools and St. Johnsbury Academy in Vermont, Frederick put his interest … Continue reading

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Plaisted, Harris M.

Harris M. Plaisted (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1828-1898) a U.S. Representative, was born in Jefferson, Coos County, New Hampshire on November 2, 1828. He attended the common schools, and was graduated from Waterville College in 1853 and from the Albany (New York) Law School in 1856. His … Continue reading

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Powers, Llewellyn

Llewellyn Powers (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1836-1908) a U.S. Representative, was born in Pittsfield on October 14, 1836. He attended the common schools of Pittsfield and St. Albans Academy. He was graduated from the Coburn Classical Institute and attended Colby College. Powers was graduated from the … Continue reading

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Reed, John H.

John H. Reed (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1921-2012) the son of a prominent Fort Fairfield potato grower, was born in that town on January 5, 1921. He attended local schools and graduated from the University of Maine in 1942. Upon graduation, John Hathaway Reed entered the U.S. … Continue reading

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Robie, Frederick

Frederick Robie (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1822-1912 ) born in Gorham on August 12, 1822, was descended from early immigrants. Both his paternal and maternal ancestors had emigrated from England to America in the 1600’s. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1841 after attending Gorham Academy … Continue reading

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Rose, Daniel

(1771-1833) was an engineer during the War of 1812 and became the first Warden of the Maine State Prison in 1823. While President of the Maine Senate from 1822 to 1824, he briefly served as acting governor when the outgoing … Continue reading

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September 9

Farm Stand in Westfield on U.S. Route 1 (September 2001)

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1849 Birth date of Maine author Sarah Orne Jewett … Continue reading

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Sewall, Sumner

Sumner Sewall, Maine Senate President, courtesy Maine State Archives

was born in Bath on June 17, 1897, the son of a wealthy Bath banker and shipbuilder, and grandson of Arthur Sewall, was educated at Bath public schools before attending Harvard University in 1916. In the middle of his freshman … Continue reading

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Smith, Samuel E.

(1788-1860) born in Hollis, New Hampshire on March 12, 1788. He prepared for college at Groton Academy and graduated from Harvard College in 1808. He immediately moved to Wiscasset to begin the practice of law and, coming from an old … Continue reading

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Vose, Richard H.

Richard Hampton Vose (courtesy, Maine State Archives)

was born in Augusta, Maine on November 8, 1803, the son of Solomon Vose a lawyer and graduate of Harvard College. Graduating from Bowdoin in 1822, he studied and practiced law in Worcester, Massachusetts for six years before returning to … Continue reading

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Washburn, Israel Jr.

Israel Washburn, Jr. (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1813-1883), a U.S. Representative and brother of Elihu Benjamin Washburn, Cadwallader Colden Washburn, and William Drew Washburn, was born in Livermore on June 6, 1813. (See more on the Washburn family at Norlands.) Washburn attended the common schools and was … Continue reading

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Wells, Samuel

Samuel Wells (courtesy Maine State Museum)

(1801-1868) was born in Durham, New Hampshire on August 15, 1801. He was a lawyer and began his practice in Waterville in 1816, moved to Hallowell in 1835 and to Portland in 1844. On September 28, 1847 Wells was appointed … Continue reading

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Williams, Joseph H.

Joseph H. Williams (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1783-1896) was born in Augusta on February 15, 1814. He was educated in the public schools and at a boys boarding school in Wiscasset. Williams graduated from Harvard College in 1834, attended Dame Law School in Cambridge for two years, … Continue reading

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Williamson, William D.

William D. Williamson, Maine Senate President 1820-1821 (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1779-1846) a U.S. Representative, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut on July 31, 1779, then moved in boyhood with his father to Amherst, Massachusetts. He attended the common schools and Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, and was graduated from Brown University in … Continue reading

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