Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "exploration"

Champlain, Samuel De

(1570?-1635) led an expedition to the Gulf of Maine and along the Maine coast in 1604 seeking a better location for the French colony at St. Croix. He named Mount Desert Island “the island of desert-like mountains,” writing that the … Continue reading

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July 5

Schooner on Penobscot Bay (July 2007)

July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1605 Samuel de Champlain arrives in Wiscasset and … Continue reading

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June 6

Bathers at Old Orchard Beach on Saco Bay (June 2010)

June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 1603 Martin Pring explores Penobscot Bay for Bristol, England … Continue reading

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March 31

Olson House on Hathorn Point in Cushing (2005)

March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1605 George Weymouth’s expedition to New England sails … Continue reading

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May 18

Sheep at Crystal Spring Farm in Brunswick (May 2010)

May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1605 George Weymouth’s expedition lands on Monhegan Island, … Continue reading

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Peary, Josephine Diebitsch

Josephine D. Peary

(1863-1955), Arctic explorer and writer, was born in Washington D.C. and raised in a wealthy environment as the oldest of four children. After graduating from high school, she attended a business college and worked as a clerk at the Smithsonian … Continue reading

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Peary, Robert E.

The Peary House on Eagle Island (2002)

(1856-1920), who summered on Eagle Island, received a degree in civil engineering from Bowdoin College in 1877, was a noted Arctic explorer who became famous as the discoverer of the North Pole, though many experts believe that the claim has … Continue reading

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Pemaquid

Pemaquid Point (2007)

[PEM-ah-kwid] was an early settlement on Pemaquid Point in the town of Bristol in Lincoln County. Early explorers such as David Ingram (1569) and Captain Bartholomew Gosnold (1602), visited the area before the Pilgrims arrived in Massachusetts. The Popham colonists … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History : Home

Beginning Major Eras in Maine History ? Origins 1492 Exploration and Early Settlement 1652 Massachusetts and the Colonial Period 1775 The American Revolution 1790 Developing a Maine Identity 1820 Early Statehood 1850 Growth, Civil War, and Economic Change 1900 Reform … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History 02: Exploration and Early European Settlement

Weymouth Cross, Allen Island

1492-1650 European explorers cruise the Maine coast in search of opportunities for their patrons, especially in the rich fisheries of the Gulf of Maine. Missionaries and settlers follow, bringing diseases that devastate Native American populations. 1492 Christopher Columbus “discovers” America. … Continue reading

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Wiscasset

Location Map for Wiscasset

is on U.S. Route 1 and the Sheepscot River. See photos and videos. With many historic structures, the town was host to “The Greenland Expedition of 1925,” which included explorers Richard Byrd and Donald McDonald. Since 1918 Camp Chewonki has been offering outdoor programs here. The town was once best known for its Maine Yankee Atomic Power plant. Continue reading

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