Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "county"

Androscoggin County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is home to Maine’s second largest population center – the Lewiston-Auburn area, and is fourth in overall population among Maine’s counties.  It was established in 1854 by taking several towns from Cumberland, Kennebec, Lincoln, and Oxford counties. See an 1858 … Continue reading

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Aroostook County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the “rooftop of Maine,” John Steinbeck. This northernmost county, known as “the County,” is the state’s largest, established in 1839, during the “Aroostook War.” Famed for its potato growing, the County’s premiere crop has declined steadily, as has its population. Nevertheless, agriculture still dominates the County’s economy and its culture. Continue reading

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Counties

Maine has sixteen counties, as well as hundreds of local governments. The earliest established was York, in 1652; the latest, Knox in 1860. The structure and functions of county government are similar throughout the state. For a brief sketch of … Continue reading

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County Health Rankings 2011

Map: County Health Rankings for Maine 2011

The following health data and map are from the County Health Rankings web site, which states “The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation is collaborating with the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute to develop these Rankings for each state’s counties.”  See … Continue reading

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Cumberland County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the most populous of Maine’s counties, contains approximately 20% of the state’s population with less than 3% of the state’s land area.  Four of the ten largest communities by population are in Cumberland County. See an 1857 map of the … Continue reading

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Demographic Data Resources

Crime Incidence of Crimes Since 1980 Economy Education Scholastic Aptitude Test Scores and Trends Population Maine Population Since 1741 Population Density by County 1990 – Map Population Density by County 2000 – Map Average Family Size by County 2000 – … Continue reading

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May 1

Sheep at Crystal Spring Farm in Brunswick (May 2010)

May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 1724 Two boats from the garrison at the … Continue reading

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Median Value of Housing Units

Map: Median Value of Housing Units 1990

The value of housing tells a lot about income and the competition for housing in a particular area. For nearly three decades the coastal counties (except for Washington) have registered higher housing values, while the northern counties and Washington County … Continue reading

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Population Density by County

Map: Population Density by County 1990

Maine continues to see a migration of its population away from the most northern areas and toward the south and mid-coast.  Within counties such as Oxford and Penobscot, their southern most communities are growing while the smaller northern towns decline … Continue reading

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Vacant Housing Units

Map: Percent of Housing Units Vacant 2005-2009

During the period 2005 through 2009, housing unit vacancy rates varied widely from 10% in Androscoggin County to over 46% in Washington County.  This represents a slightly decreased disparity compared to the 2000 Census range for Maine, which was from … Continue reading

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