Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "census"

Androscoggin County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is home to Maine’s second largest population center – the Lewiston-Auburn area, and is fourth in overall population among Maine’s counties.  It was established in 1854 by taking several towns from Cumberland, Kennebec, Lincoln, and Oxford counties. See an 1858 … Continue reading

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Aroostook County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the “rooftop of Maine,” John Steinbeck. This northernmost county, known as “the County,” is the state’s largest, established in 1839, during the “Aroostook War.” Famed for its potato growing, the County’s premiere crop has declined steadily, as has its population. Nevertheless, agriculture still dominates the County’s economy and its culture. Continue reading

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Cumberland County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

the most populous of Maine’s counties, contains approximately 20% of the state’s population with less than 3% of the state’s land area.  Four of the ten largest communities by population are in Cumberland County. See an 1857 map of the … Continue reading

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Native Americans

Sign: Maliseet Tribal Offices (2003)

Social and Political Organization An important unit of social organization was the band, a loosely organized collection of people, frequently related family members, who occupied a particular tract of land, moved and camped together, and felt a common identity, including … Continue reading

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