Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "Blacks"

Healy, James Augustine

(1830-1900) was the first African American bishop of the Roman Catholic Church and the first black American ordained a priest in that religion. Born in Georgia, Healy’s father was a white plantation owner and his mother, a black slave. Sent … Continue reading

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Malaga Island

Malaga Island off Phippsburg (USGS map 1894)

One of the more shameful episodes in Maine history is the treatment of the black residents of Malaga Island, in the New Meadows River just off Phippsburg. Benjamin Darling, a freed slave, bought the nearby Horse Island in 1794. His … Continue reading

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Percent African American by County

African Americans by County 2010

The proportion of Black or African Americans reported living in Maine by the U.S. Census more than doubled between 2000 and 2010, from .5% to 1.2%.  The total number in 2010 was nearly 16,000. Significantly affected by an influx of … Continue reading

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