Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Entries listed under "abolitionslavery"

Fairfield, John

John Fairfield, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1797-1847), a U.S. Representative and a Senator from Maine, was born in Saco on January 30, 1797, attended the Saco schools, Thornton Academy, and Bowdoin College. He studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1826, and began his practice … Continue reading

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Johnson, Jonathan Eastman

(1824-1906) was born in Lovell and began his career in Boston as an apprentice in a lithographic shop, designing title pages for books and sheet music. He was the son of Philip C. Johnson, Secretary of State for Maine. He … Continue reading

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Lovejoy, Elijah Parish

Birthplace Marker (2003)

“I cannot surrender my principles, though the whole world would vote them down. I can make no compromise between truth and error, even though my life be the alternative.“ – – ELIJAH PARISH LOVEJOY, 1835 Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802-1837) was … Continue reading

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Slavery

while an accepted custom in the colonies, it was practiced in Maine as early as 1733 when the parish at York (then Agamenticus) “VOTED that there be a Slave Bought for the Parish to be Employed for the use of … Continue reading

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Stowe, Harriet Beecher

The "Stowe House" c. 1950

Selected works The Mayflower, or, Sketches of scenes and characters among the descendants of the Pilgrims (1843) The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (1855) An inside View of Slavery; or, A tour among the planters (1855) Dred; a Tale … Continue reading

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Timeline of Maine History 06: Early Statehood

Early Maine State House

1820-1849 After a brief stint in Portland, in 1827 the permanent State Capital was designated to be Augusta; in 1832 the state government moved into the new, small State House. Expansions and improvements continued for decades. Maine’s northern boundary with … Continue reading

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Webster Ashburton Treaty

Daniel Webster

Daniel Webster, Secretary of State, representing the United States, negotiated a new boundary between Maine and what is now Canada with Alexander Baring, Lord Ashburton, “Her Britannic Majesty’s Minister Plenipotentiary on Special Mission.” The treaty, signed August 9, 1842, became … Continue reading

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