|Maine House||Dist 27,28,29|
|Maine Senate||District 29,30|
|Area sq. mi.||(total) 55.3|
|Area sq. mi.||(land) 47.7|
Total=land+water; Land=land only
[SKAR-buh-roo] is a town in Cumberland County, settled in 1630 and incorporated on July 14, 1658 from the towns of Black Point and Blue Point, and nearby islands.
According to the town’s web site:
The settlement of Scarborough was one of the earliest made on the New England coast. John Jocelyn, writer, botanist and English nobleman, came to Scarborough in 1663 to visit his brother Henry Jocelyn, who had settled on Prout’s Neck. His visit lasted eight years. His writings offer the best history of that time. He wrote that the province of Maine had plenty of magistrates, husbandmen and planters, but very few skilled craftsmen.
Though it was abandoned in the Indian raids of 1690, it held a town meeting on May 8, 1718 signaling a return of settlers to the area.
Scarborough ceded land in 1841 to Saco and 1864 to Gorham before completing its modern boundaries.
Benen Foster was a Revolutionary War veteran who was born in Scarborough in 1763. His deposition applied for State bounty lands to be given to these veterans summarizes his service in the war.
It is the birthplace of Maine’s first governor and advocate for statehood: William King. The town was almost the retirement home for another governor, Enoch Lincoln, who died before he could retire to the farm he had purchased here.
Winslow Homer lived and painted in Prout’s Neck, a somewhat isolated peninsula that now is home to a bird sanctuary donated by the artist’s brother, Charles.
Homer’s work is often featured at the Portland Museum of Art.
Famed architect, John Calvin Stevens, designed cottages in the Neck for Charles and Winslow.
The town’s fine beaches and the Scarborough Downs race track and off-track betting facility are attractions for many.
Scarborough Marsh, operated by the Maine Audubon Society, offers guided canoe trips, canoe rentals, bird walks (see Great Egrets) and a museum and visitor center at Maine’s largest salt marsh.
The Scarborough Marsh Wildlife Management Area is managed by the Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife in a federal-state partnership program.
Nearby Scarborough River provides recreational boating opportunities and open space.
A suburb of Portland, the rapidly growing community now ranks as tenth most populous in Maine according to the 2000 U.S. Census, up from 13th place in 1990, having grown almost 36 percent in ten years. One of the manifestation of the growth in diversity as well as numbers is the establishment, in a former Universalist Church, of the first Hindu temple in Maine in 2012.
Alger Hall, below right, is a community building that also houses the Masons Lodge.
Form of Government: Council-Manager
Chapman, Leonard Bond. Monograph on the Southgate Family of Scarborough, Maine, their ancestors and descendants. Portland, Me. H. W. Bryant, 1907.
Chase, Georgiana P. Stratton’s Islands of Saco Bay: An Interwoven History 1605-1993. Fort Bragg, California. Mendocino Lithographers. 1994.
Henley, Thomas Shaw. Dunstan Cemetery Records Scarborough, Maine: stone inscriptions and old records combined and indexed. Maine. T. S. Henley and S. J. Bentley. 1985.
Hight, LeRoy L. “A Scarborough Tory.” 1899. Excerpt from New England Magazine, June 1899.
Libbey, Dorothy Shaw. Scarborough Becomes a Town. Portland, Me. B. Wheelwright Co. 1955.
Mitchell, H. E. The Scarboro Register, 1905. Brunswick, Me. H. E. Mitchell Co. 1905.
Moulton, Augustus Freedom. The Settlement of Scarborough: Charles Pine, Hunter and Indian Fighter. 1998. Scarborough. Dover, N.H. Arcadia Publishing. 1996. (pictorial)
Scarborough, Maine 1658 – 1958: Three Hundredth Anniversary. [Special Collections, Fogler Library, University of Maine. Orono.]
Scarborough, Me. “About Our Town.” http://www.scarborough.me.us/home/documents/about/index.html (accessed July 8, 2012)
Scarborough, Me. Council-Manager Charter of the Town of Scarborough. Scarborough, Me. Town of Scarborough. 1984.
Southgate, William S. The History of Scarborough from 1633-1783. Maine. S. J. Bentley and T. S. Henley. 1998.
Sylvester, Herbert Milton. The Sokoki Trail. Boston. Stanhope Press. 1907
National Register of Historic Places – Listings
Dunstan Methodist Episcopal Church, US 1
Homer, Winslow, Studio, National Historic Landmark
[Winslow Homer Road, Prout’s Neck. [See Winslow Homer]
Hunniwell, Richard, House, West of Scarborough at Winnock’s Neck and Old County Roads
Portland Railroad Company Substation
[US 1 West Scarborough] The former trolley substation is part of a class of resources that have become rare. Few trolley related buildings are known. The Augusta car barn had been converted to an automobile dealership by 1938; the the Hallowell building houses the public works department.
Unlike the considerable number of trolley related buildings that once stood in Maine, this is one of the very few that survives as a tangible reminder of the era of trolley transportation. Its later uses included that of a fire station, civil defense headquarters, and now an historical society museum. A number of trolley cars that were used on Maine lines, although not on the Saco Division, are preserved at the Seashore Trolley Museum in Kennebunkport.