Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Penobscot County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the thirdlargest in population of the sixteen counties, located in east central Maine, bisected by the Penobscot River and, the newer avenue of transportation, Interstate 95.

Formed on April 1, 1816 from the northern part of what was then Hancock County, it later gave up territory to form Piscataquis and Aroostook counties. As with many counties, towns and borders changed throughout the early 19th century. See an 1859 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

The county currently consists of the cities of Bangor, Brewer, Old Town; and towns of Alton, Bradford, Bradley, Burlington, Carmel, Charleston, Chester, Clifton, Corinna, Corinth, Dexter, Dixmont, East Millinocket, Eddington, Edinburg, Enfield, Etna, Exeter, Garland, Glenburn, Greenbush, Hampden, Hermon, Holden, Howland, Hudson, Kenduskeag, Lagrange, Lakeville, Lee, Levant, Lincoln, Lowell, Mattawamkeag, Maxfield, Medway, Milford, Millinocket, Mount Chase, Newburgh, Newport, Orono, Orrington, Passadumkeag, Patten, Plymouth, Springfield, Stacyville, Stetson, Veazie, Winn, Woodville; the plantations of Carroll, Drew, Seboeis, and Webster; townships including Argyle, Greenfield, Kingman, Mattamiscontis, among others;  and the Penobscot Nation reservation on Indian Island in the Penobscot River.

Penobscot County Courthouse (2001)

Penobscot County Courthouse (2001)

The City of Bangor is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail.

In 2010, Penobscot County’s population represented 11.6% of the state’s total, with a census count of 153,923 a 6.2% increase over 2000, the largest percentage increase of any county and more than 50% greater than for the state as a whole.

People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010)
Penobscot County Maine
Population definition and source info Population, 2009 estimate 149,419 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 3.1% 3.4%
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 144,917 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.5% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 19.9% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent definition and source info Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 14.4% 15.6%
Female persons, percent definition and source info Female persons, percent, 2009 51.1% 51.2%
White persons, percent definition and source info White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 96.1% 96.1%
Black persons, percent definition and source info Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.8% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.9% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent definition and source info Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 1.0% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent definition and source info Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.0% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent definition and source info Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 1.1% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent definition and source info White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 95.1% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000 definition and source info Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 58.4% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent definition and source info Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 2.5% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+ definition and source info Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 4.6% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+ definition and source info High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 85.7% 85.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+ definition and source info Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 20.3% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+ definition and source info Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 26,450 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+ definition and source info Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 20.7 22.7
Housing units definition and source info Housing units, 2009 71,536 704,578
Homeownership rate definition and source info Homeownership rate, 2000 69.8% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent definition and source info Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 22.7% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units definition and source info Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $82,400 $98,700
Households definition and source info Households, 2000 58,096 518,200
Persons per household definition and source info Persons per household, 2000 2.38 2.39
Median household income definition and source info Median household income, 2008 $42,704 $46,419
Per capita money income definition and source info Per capita money income, 1999 $17,801 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent definition and source info Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 15.9% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Penobscot County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments definition and source info Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 4,278 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, 2008 60,706 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 6.8% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments definition and source info Nonemployer establishments, 2008 9,999 113,522
Total number of firms definition and source info Total number of firms, 2002 12,568 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent definition and source info Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent definition and source info Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 1.0% 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent definition and source info Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent definition and source info Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 22.5% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments definition and source info Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 1,193,630 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales definition and source info Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 1,001,721 10,371,084
Retail sales definition and source info Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 2,087,667 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita definition and source info Retail sales per capita, 2002 $14,212 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales definition and source info Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 185,903 2,045,841
Building permits definition and source info Building permits, 2009 366 3,1211
Federal spending definition and source info Federal spending, 2008 1,354,630 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Penobscot County Maine
Land area definition and source info Land area, 2000 (square miles) 3,395.73 30,861.55
Persons per square mile definition and source info Persons per square mile, 2000 42.7 41.3
Persons per square mile definition and source info FIPS Code 019 23
Persons per square mile definition and source info Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area: Bangor, ME Metro Area
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23019.html (accessed April 29, 2011)
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This entry was last modified: March 16, 2013 09:09 PM

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