Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Oxford

Location Map for Oxford

Location Map for Oxford

Year Population
1970 1,892
1980 3,143
1990 3,705
2000 3960
2010 4,110
Oxford Population Chart 1800-2010

Population Trend 1800-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:31:00
W. Latitude 70:42:00
Maine House District 72
Maine Senate District 19
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 41.9
Area sq. mi. (land) 38.7
Population/sqmi (land) 106.3
County: Oxford

Total=land+water; Land=land only

[OX-frd] is a town in Oxford County, settled in 1794 and incorporated on February 27, 1829 from a portion of Hebron.

It then annexed land from Otisfield (1830) and Paris (1838).

Center Meeting House (2012)

Center Meeting House (2012)

Cemetery at the Meetinghouse (2012)

Cemetery at the Meetinghouse

In the 19th century Oxford was home to John J. Perry, a lawyer who practiced in the town, and a member of the U.S. Congress and the state legislature.

Memorial Park (2012)

Memorial Park (2012)

Veterans Memorial (2012)

Veterans Memorial (2012)

By 1886, the Grand Trunk Railroad was passing through the middle of the town and several manufacturing plants were in full swing.

As the Gazetteer of Maine observed in that year, in addition to the village of Oxford Depot,

The other centres of business are Welchville and Oxford Village, both of which have post-offices.

At the latter, situated at the outlet of Thompson Pond, are a stave-mill, a fours-mill and the woolen-mills of the Robinson Manufacturing Co., (having three buildings and nine sets of machinery, end employing 150 operatives) and a shovel handle factory, employing 10 men.

At Welchville, on the Little Androscoggin, are the woolen-mill of the Harper Manufacturing Co., having four sets of machinery, and employing 50 persons; and the mill of the Mousam Manufacturing Co., making leather board, and employing 15 men. . . . .

Hay is the largest crop, and a due number of cattle is raised. Both the villages and the rural districts have the indications of thriftiness, and afford many pleasant scenes to the eye of the traveller.

The Oxford Casino (2012)

The Oxford Casino (2012)

The Oxford Casino (2012)

The Oxford Casino (2012)

Oxford Elementary School (2012)

Oxford Elementary School (’12)

Routes 26 (the commercial strip) and 121 serve the community. The Oxford Casino is located on Route 26 in the south of town at N44° 6′ 55.3″ W70° 26′ 41.8″, less than 15 miles from the Lewiston-Auburn area. Several modular home providers are located on the strip.

Commercial strip in Oxford (2003)

Commercial strip in Oxford (2003)

One of Several Modular Home Locations (2003)

One of Several Modular Home Locations (2003)

Oxford Town Office (2012)

Oxford Town Office (2012)

Oxford village, at the north end of Thompson Lake, hosts the town office, post office, and a small veterans memorial park. The Oxford Congregational Church was established fourteen years before statehood in 1806 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Oxford Post Office (2012)

Oxford Post Office (2012)

Covered Bridge (c. 1935)

Covered Bridge (c. 1935)

Oxford Congregational Church (2003)

Congregational Church (2003)

Though famous for the auto racing at Oxford Plains Speedway just off Route 26, the nearby Androscoggin River passes several sizable ponds and Thompson Lake abuts the main village.

Oxford Plains Speedway (2003)

Oxford Plains Speedway (2003)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Barnes, Diane. The Oxford Hills: Greenwood, Norway, Oxford, Paris, West Paris and Woodstock. Dover, N.H. Arcadia Publishing. c1995.

Boynton, Ernest H., 1864-1946. Diaries and Papers, 1883-1927. (Cataloger Note: Ernest H. Boynton, son of Robert and Lucy Boynton, was born in 1864 and died in 1946. His father’s estate was the largest in Oxford, Maine, in 1870. They lived in the part of Oxford known as Welchville. Ernest was a station agent for the Grand Trunk Railway and during the years he wrote his diaries he lived in Oxford, Yarmouthville, Auburn, and Lewiston, Maine; [and in New Hampshire and Massachusetts])

King, Marquis Fayette. Annals of Oxford, Maine. Somersworth, NH. New England History Press in collaboration with the Oxford Historical Society. 1987.

*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/nrhp/text/xxxxxxxx.PDF and http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/nrhp/photos/xxxxxxxx.PDF

Center Meetinghouse and Common: https://npgallery.nps.gov/pdfhost/docs/NRHP/Text/94000606.pdf
Oxford Congregational Church and Cemetery: https://npgallery.nps.gov/pdfhost/docs/NRHP/Text/94000637.pdf

The Oxford Inventory: A Guide to Local Research in the Oxford Hills. Norway, Me. 1997.

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. pp. 420-421.

Waterman, Charles E. Historic Highway: Road Hard Surfaced this Year: Welchville and Oxford History Revealed. Norway, Me. Norway Advertiser. 1931. [Maine State Library]

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Center Meetinghouse and Common

[476 Main Street] The 1830 Center Meetinghouse is a building type that served both religious and governmental needs in a rural Maine community. Its particular blend of Federal and Gothic Revival style architectural features is unusual. The meetinghouse is on a location established in the original gift of land for the Town Common.

The area that forms the Town of Oxford was first settled in the closing years of the Revolution by immigrants from Massachusetts. Industrial development of the local water powers was aided by the investments of Cambridge, Massachusetts land speculator Andrew Craigie, after whom one of the settlements, Craigie’s Mills, was named. Shortly after the town’s incorporation in 1829, the heirs of Andrew Craigie offered to erect a meeting house. In May 1829, a site selection committee reported on their identification of a suitable three acre lot, after which approval was given to acquire and clear it. The meeting house was built the following year. The intent of the donors was that the building was to be used by any denomination. To avoid conflicts, the town voted in 1832 that the Congregationalists were to have use of it the first Sunday of each month, followed by the Baptists, the Universalists, and the Methodists. The meeting house has also served as a site for town meetings.

1830 Center Meeting House in Oxford (2012)

Center Meetinghouse Cemetery (2012)

Architecturally, the Center Meeting House has a very traditional form with its rectangular gable roofed configuration, interior gallery, and box pews. At present, the meeting house stands on a 1.35 acre parcel representing the remainder of the original Common lot that was not developed as a cemetery.*

Oxford Congregational Church and Cemetery

Oxford Congregational Church (2003)

[King Street, east side, 0.2 miles north of junction with Maine Route 121] The 1843 Oxford Congregational Church is a notable structure with distinctive Greek Revival and Gothic Revival details. It is noteworthy for the decorative trompe L’eoil and stenciled finish on the sanctuary end wall and the nave ceiling. The Church was organized in 1826 with six members. The following year, an agreement was made with the Baptists to share their meeting house. By 1836, however, the congregation had grown to the point that their first resident pastor was settled and a parsonage built.

In 1840 the Congregationalists lost use of the meeting house when the Baptist revival greatly expanded its membership. For the next three years the Congregational society met in the upper floor of the village schoolhouse. Construction of a new church began in 1842 with the dedication taking place June 29, 1843. In addition to its architectural history, the church is distinguished by the partially restored painting that embellishes the interior. The initial decoration in the trompe L’eoil style is believed to have been carried out about 1880

The Oxford Congregational Church had a change in taste when, in 1913, the Monmouth architect/artist Harry Cochrane was engaged to stencil the interior. Cochrane apparently retained the existing decoration, but worked it into his own scheme which further embellished the sanctuary and the lower curved portion of the ceiling. A third episode of decoration occurred in 1945 when R. J. Morin of Auburn introduced additional stencil patterns and figures.*

a painting or design intended to create the illusion of a three-dimensional object

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