Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Oxford County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the seventh largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in western Maine along the New Hampshire border to the east and the Province of Quebec border to the north. The northern parts of York and Cumberland counties were separated to form Oxford County on March 5, 1805.  As with many counties, towns and borders changed throughout the early 19th century. See an 1858 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

The county currently consists of the towns of Andover, Bethel, Brownfield, Buckfield, Byron, Canton, Denmark, Dixfield, Fryeburg, Gilead, Greenwood, Hanover, Hartford, Hebron, Hiram, Lovell, Mexico, Newry, Norway, Otisfield, Oxford, Paris, Peru, Porter, Roxbury, Rumford, Stoneham, Stow, Sumner, Sweden, Upton, Waterford, West Paris, Woodstock, and the plantations of Lincoln and Magalloway.

Oxford County Courthouse (Oxford County)

Oxford County Courthouse (Oxford County)

The town of Paris is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail. The County is home to the White Mountain National Forest, a substantial portion of the Appalachian Trail section in Maine, and two major lakes: Richardson and Mooselookmeguntic.

In 2010, Oxford County’s population represented 4.4% of the state’s total, with a census count of 57,833, a 5.6% increase over 2000.

People QuickFacts Oxford County Maine
Population definition and source info Population, 2009 estimate 56,244 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 2.7% 3.4%
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1 definition and source info Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 54,757 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.3% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent definition and source info Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 21.2% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent definition and source info Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 16.2% 15.6%
Female persons, percent definition and source info Female persons, percent, 2009 51.2% 51.2%
White persons, percent definition and source info White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 97.7% 96.1%
Black persons, percent definition and source info Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.4% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.4% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent definition and source info Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.5% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent definition and source info Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.0% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent definition and source info Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 1.0% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent definition and source info White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 96.8% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000 definition and source info Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 65.1% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent definition and source info Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 1.8% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+ definition and source info Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 4.5% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+ definition and source info High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 82.4% 85.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+ definition and source info Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 15.7% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+ definition and source info Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 11,158 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+ definition and source info Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 25.9 22.7
Housing units definition and source info Housing units, 2009 35,040 704,578
Homeownership rate definition and source info Homeownership rate, 2000 77.0% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent definition and source info Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 14.5% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units definition and source info Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $82,800 $98,700
Households definition and source info Households, 2000 22,314 518,200
Persons per household definition and source info Persons per household, 2000 2.42 2.39
Median household income definition and source info Median household income, 2008 $41,526 $46,419
Per capita money income definition and source info Per capita money income, 1999 $16,945 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent definition and source info Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 14.1% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Oxford County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments definition and source info Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 1,397 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, 2008 14,783 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment definition and source info Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 -7.2% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments definition and source info Nonemployer establishments, 2008 4,423 113,522
Total number of firms definition and source info Total number of firms, 2002 5,502 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent definition and source info Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent definition and source info American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent definition and source info Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent definition and source info Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent definition and source info Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent definition and source info Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 23.7% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments definition and source info Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 1,009,769 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales definition and source info Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 208,012 10,371,084
Retail sales definition and source info Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 403,483 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita definition and source info Retail sales per capita, 2002 $7,225 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales definition and source info Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 105,212 2,045,841
Building permits definition and source info Building permits, 2009 175 3,1211
Federal spending definition and source info Federal spending, 2008 399,580 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Oxford County Maine
Land area definition and source info Land area, 2000 (square miles) 2,078.00 30,861.55
Persons per square mile definition and source info Persons per square mile, 2000 26.3 41.3
Persons per square mile definition and source info FIPS Code 017 23
Persons per square mile definition and source info Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area None
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race.
(b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories.D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information
F: Fewer than 100 firms
FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data
NA: Not available
S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards
X: Not applicable
Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown

Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23017.html (accessed April 29, 2011)
Oxford County Courthouse photo from the Oxford County website at http://www.oxfordcounty.org/history.php (accessed April 30, 2011).
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