Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Oxbow

Location Map for Oxbow

Location Map for Oxbow

Year Population
1970 92
1980 84
1990 69
2000 56
2010 65
Oxbow Plantation Population Chart 1870-2010

Population Trend 1870-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 46:25:23
W. Latitude 68:30:45
Maine House District  151
Maine Senate District 1
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 39.5
Area sq. mi. (land) 38.9
Population/sq.mi. (land) 1.8
County: Aroostook
Total=land+water
Oxbow Checkpoint (2008)

Oxbow Checkpoint (2008)

Sign at the Oxbow Lodge (2008)[OX-bow] is a plantation in Aroostook County, first organized for general purposes on August 8, 1870. That organization was “legalized” in 1873 and “made valid” in 1895. The area was settled in 1839 or 1840. Shortly after the first settlers arrived, the township, then T9 R6, was organized for election purposes in 1844. It had a population of 147 in 1880.

Route 11 at the Oxbow Road (2008)

Route 11 at the Oxbow Road

Cold Spring Campsite on the Oxbow Road (2008)

Cold Spring Campsite, Oxbow Road

Virtually all of the plantation’s population is located along the Oxbow Road, leading West from Maine Route 11.

1968 Topographic Map of Oxbow and a Portion of T9 R5

1968 Topographic Map: Oxbow and part of T9 R5

The windings of the Aroostook River through the area make shapes similar to oxbows, the harness that keeps oxen attached to their loads. [See photo above from a sign along the Oxbow Road.] A particular circular configuration in the River is called The Oxbow.

The western end of the Oxbow Road is marked by the “Oxbow Checkpoint,” an entry point to the North Maine Woods, most of which is privately owned.

Michalka Boat Launch (2008)

Umcolcus Sporting Camps Sign (2008)

Umcolcus Sporting Camps

The major “industry” centers on hunting accommodations supplied mainly by the Oxbow Lodge, Homestead Lodge, and Umcolcus Sporting Camps.  Guided bear baiting and hunting is a prime focus for the lodges, which offer accommodations and guide services.

Fishing and canoeing on the Aroostook River is accessible at the Rudolph Michalka Public Boat Launch.  “Oxbow Wreaths” gift shop offers its “Maine Made Crafts.”

Homestead Lodge Exterior (2008)

Homestead Lodge Exterior

Homestead Lodge Interior (2008)

Homestead Lodge Interior

Oxbow Congregational Church (2008)

Oxbow Congregational Church

The modest exterior of The Homestead Lodge contrasts with its finely crafted interior. The Homestead Farm maintains a herd of bison.

Aroostook River (2008)

Aroostook River (2008)

Oxbow of the Aroostook River (2008)

Oxbow of the Aroostook River

Sign: Oxbow Wreaths (2008)

Sign: Oxbow Wreaths (2008)

From Oxbow village, Masardis is about ten miles north on Route is 11; Ashland is another 8 miles away. Presque Isle is the nearest major community – almost thirty miles from Oxbow.

[All photos taken 2008]

Form of Government: Assessors-Annual Meeting.

Additional resources

Chadbourne, Ava Harriet. Maine Place Names and The Peopling of its Towns

Hayden, E. H. The First Settlers of Oxbow, 1839. Oxbow, Me. The Author. 1854? (Cataloger Note: Original journal is handwritten ; owned by Lester and Stanley Junkins of Oxbow.) [University of Maine at Presque Isle. Library and Learning Resource Center.]

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