Maine: An Encyclopedia
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North Yarmouth

Location Map for North Yarmouth

Location Map for North Yarmouth

Year Population
1970 1,383
1980 1,919
1990 2,429
2000 3,210
2010 3,565
North Yarmouth Population Chart 1790-2010

Population Trend 1790-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 43:51:10
W. Latitude 70:14:08
Maine House District 46
Maine Senate District 24
Congress District 1
Area sq. mi. (total) 21.3
Area sq. mi. (land) 21.1
Population/sqmi (land) 169.0
County: Cumberland

Total=land+water; Land=land only

 

Monument: North Yarmouth Memorial Highway (2002)

Monument: North Yarmouth Memorial Highway (2002)

[North YAR-muth] is a town in Cumberland County, incorporated on June 17, 1683 from what is known as the “ancient territory of Westcustigo,” the Indian term for “mouth of the river,” in this case the Royall (now Royal) River, named for William Royall an early proprietor.

First Congregational Church of North Yarmouth (2013)

First Congregational Church of North Yarmouth (2013) @

North Yarmouth Historical Society in the "Old Town House" (2002)

North Yarmouth Historical Society in the “Old Town House” (2002)

Originally a large tract of land, North Yarmouth ceded land to Brunswick (1739, 1740) and to Georgetown (Small Point in 1741).

It set off land to form the towns of Freeport (1789), Pownal (1816), Cumberland (1821), and finally Yarmouth (1849). Thus, the early history of these towns is that of North Yarmouth.

Public Safety Building  with Sheriff's Substation (2013)

Public Safety Building with Sheriff’s Substation (2013) @

Public Safety Building  with Fire Department (2013)

Public Safety Building with Fire Department (2013) @

What is now known as “Ancient North Yarmouth” once encompassed the seven present-day towns of North Yarmouth, part of Harpswell, Freeport, Pownal, Cumberland, Yarmouth, and Chebeague Island.

Town Office off Route 9 (2013)

Town Office, Route 9 (’13) @

Veterans Memorial Park (2013)

Veterans Memorial Park (’13) @

Author, women’s rights activist, and abolitionist Elizabeth Oakes Smith was born in 1806 in what was then North Yarmouth, but is now Cumberland.

The first action in King William’s War occurred when Indians attacked the settlement here in the late 1680’s.  The war, widespread in southern Maine, lasted about ten years.

Plaque: "The First Town House of Present North Yarmouth" (2002)

Plaque: “The First Town House of Present North Yarmouth” (2002)

The town was one of the recipients of a copy of the Declaration of Independence, dated July 17, 1776, and ordered read by the Massachusetts authorities as a means of informing Maine towns that independence had been declared.

Over 200 years later, the copy was found in the estate of a prominent local resident. A legal battle ensued until its ownership was once again restored to the town in 2001.

A newspaper report in 1978 described a discovery of a meteorite in the town. The Walnut Hill meteorite is completely covered by a thin black fusion crust formed by melting of the outer layer as it fell through the atmosphere.

The well-known North Yarmouth Academy is actually in the town of Yarmouth.

North Yarmouth Memorial School (2013)

North Yarmouth Memorial School (2013) @

North Yarmouth Variety Store (2013)

North Yarmouth Variety Store (2013) @

Dairy Barn on Route 115 (2013)

Dairy Barn and Cows on Route 115 (2013) @

North Yarmouth’s rapidly growing community is within easy reach of Yarmouth, Brunswick, and the greater Portland area via Maine Routes 9, 115, and 231, and by nearby Interstate 95 and U.S. Route 1. It has nearly tripled its population since 1970.

The Memorial Highway covers a section of Maine Route 9 from the Walnut Hill area northeast to Dunns Corner.  Dedicated in the early 1920’s, it honors North Yarmouth’s Civil War servicemen.

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Administrative Assistant.

Additional resources

Baier, Ursula., ed. North Yarmouth, 1680-1980: An Illustrated History. North Yarmouth, Me. North Yarmouth Historical Society. 1980.

Collins, Robert S. Wescustogo & Aucocisco: True Tales of Maine Coast People Since 1636: History and Tales of North Yarmouth and Casco Bay. South Portland, Me. Pilot Press. c1975.

Merrill, Lincoln J. Around North Yarmouth. Charleston SC. Arcadia Publishing. c2006.

Merrill, Linc. “North Yarmouth’s Memorial Highway.” The Gazette. c. 2004. http://www.northyarmouthhistorical.org/PDFs/MemHwy.pdf (accessed February 4, 2012)

Old Times of North Yarmouth, Maine. A facsimile of the thirty-two quarterly magazines edited and published by Augustus W. Corliss as well as the single issue of The Westcustogo Chronicle, 1877-1885. Somersworth, NH. New Hampshire Pub. Co.. 1977.

Rowe, William Hutchinson. Ancient North Yarmouth and Yarmouth, Maine, 1636-1936: A History. Yarmouth, Me. 1937.

Rowe, William Hutchinson. Shipbuilding Days and Tales of the Sea, In Old North Yarmouth and Yarmouth, Maine. Portland, Me. Marks Printing House. 1924.

Rowe, William Hutchinson. Yarmouth Personages, an Introduction. An attempt to revive the memory of individuals whose names were once household words in old North Yarmouth and Yarmouth. Yarmouth?, Me. 191-?

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This entry was last modified: July 05, 2015 12:46 AM

One Response to North Yarmouth

  1. Katie Murphy says:

    Hi Jim,

    Excellent to have this resource online, thank you very much! I immediately searched for my town, North Yarmouth. Thought you should know that the entry shows as Yarmouth, not North Yarmouth. Also, some corrections: North Yarmouth Academy is located in Yarmouth, not North Yarmouth (that often gets people confused) and Elizabeth Oakes Smith was born in present-day Cumberland, then North Yarmouth. We usually talk about ANCIENT North Yarmouth, which encompassed seven present-day towns: North Yarmouth, part of Harpswell, Freeport,, Pownal, Cumberland, Yarmouth, and Chebeague Island.

    Thank you! Katie Murphy, President, North Yarmouth Historical Society.

    Hello Katie,

    Many thanks for your kind and gentle critique! I believe I have rectified the errors.

    – Jim

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