Maine: An Encyclopedia
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New Sharon

Location Map for new Sharon

Location Map for new Sharon

Year Population
1970 725
1980 969
1990 1,175
2000 1,297
2010 1,407
New Sharon Population Chart 1800-2010

Population Trend 1800-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:38:27
W. Latitude 70:00:25
Maine House District 113
Maine Senate District 17
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 46.6
Area sq. mi. (land) 46.0
Population/sq.mi. (land) 30.6
County: Franklin

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Sign: Welcome to New Sharon (2003)[NEW SHAR-uhn] is a town in Franklin County, settled in 1782 and incorporated on June 20, 1794 from Unity Plantation.

It swapped land with Industry (1813, 1852) and annexed land from Mercer in 1841.

The town, just east of Farmington, has been growing consistently in population over the past four decades.

New Sharon village straddles the Sandy River, which winds through from Farmington on its way to Starks and then Norridgewock where it enters the Kennebec River.

The old steel bridge was built in 1916 and crossed the river at the end of the main street. It was the oldest of the Baltimore and Pennsylvania truss-style bridges in Maine until its demolition in 2014.

The bridge, once on the Historic Register of Historic Places, was no longer used due to structural deterioration.

The Sandy River from the 1916 Bridge (2003)

The Sandy River from the 1916 Bridge (2003)

1916 Bridge over the Sandy River (2003)

1916 Bridge over the Sandy River (2003)

In 1886, the Gazetteer of Maine waxed enthusiastic about New Sharon:

[The soil] is quite productive; and numerous small fortunes have been gathered from the products of New Sharon farms. [Referring to the post-Civil War rush westward] Much of this money has gone to develop new towns and States in the West.

The village of New Sharon is one of the prettiest in the State. It is situated on both sides of the Sandy River, where a natural fall is increased by a dam, and the stream spanned by an expensive covered bridge. . . . There are operated in New Sharon three saw-mills, a grist mill, and chair, shoe, shovel-handle, carriage and clothing factories.

In the 1880’s the town supported sixteen public schoolhouses on a population of just over 1,300, essentially it current size. The old village is now off the main highway near where Maine Routes 27 and 134 meet U.S. Route 2.

New Sharon Congregational Church (2003)

New Sharon Congregational Church (2003)

Flowers overlooking the Sandy River in New Sharon (2003)

Overlooking the Sandy River in New Sharon (2003)

Town Office (2003)

Town Office (2003)

Old Main Street, the Grange, Fire Department (right) (2003)

Old Main Street, the Grange, Fire Department (right) (2003)

Town Library (2003)

Town Library (2003)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board.

Additional resources

Enslin, Theodore. New Sharon’s Prospect & Journals. San Francisco, CA. City Lights [distributor] Coyote’s Journal. 1966.

Kearney, Marie. New Sharon Remembered. New Sharon, Me. New Sharon Historical Society (Wilton, Me. Wilton Printed Products). 1989, c1981.

*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/nrhp/text/xxxxxxxx.PDF and http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/nrhp/photos/xxxxxxxx.PDF

New Sharon Bridge: 99001189.PDF
New Sharon Congregational Church: 85001261.PDF

New Sharon (Me.). New Sharon, Maine, Historical Collections. 1977. [Maine State Library]

Pictorial History of Early New Sharon, Maine: Village and Town. New Sharon, Me. New Sharon Historical Society. 1988.

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. pp. 390-392.

York Family. Papers, 1866-1923. (Cataloger Note: The collection contains a daily list of farm chores written in 1866-1867 by an unknown compiler as well as Samuel York’s diaries from 1891-1923, outlining his daily activities on his farm. Poultry records for 1907 and 1912-1913 . . . .) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

 

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

New Sharon Bridge

 [south of Maine Route 2 over the Sandy River (demolished)] Built in 1916, the New Sharon Bridge was significant as a rare example of a long span, pin- connected truss bridge. It was the last of three identified examples in Maine that were built between 1890 and 1916. Pin connections were the preferred connections of late 19th century metal truss bridge builders because of the ease of design, fabrication, and erection. After 1900, pin connections were largely superseded by riveted connections due to improvements in metallurgy and field pneumatic riveting equipment.

The New Sharon Bridge was a one span, 268 foot-long, pin-connected Pennsylvania thru truss that was supported on concrete abutments. The bridge has built-up chords, verticals and sway bracing. A cantilevered sidewalk with metal lattice railing was placed to the upstream side. Rolled section floor beams and stringers support an open steel grid deck that is 18.5 feet in width. Since a new bypass bridge was built, the bridge was closed to vehicular traffic for several years. Demolished in 2014, it has been removed from the National Register.* [See photos above.]

New Sharon Congregational Church

[Maine Route 134] This charming village church, in the Greek Revival style, is sited on a piece of rising ground overlooking the old residential center of New Sharon. With a large open space between it and the street, as near to a village green as is to be found in most small Maine towns, it is a focal point not only within the community but from its approaches as well. Built in 1845 by the Congregational Church of New Sharon, it supplanted an 1816 wooden meeting house built as a common house of worship by the Congregationalists, Baptists, Methodists, and Unitarians and used by each denomination one-fourth of the time. Eventually each denomination built its own church leaving the 1816 wooden building to the Congregationalists. Its destruction by fire in 1843 brought about the erection of the present structure. The Congregational Church was federated with the Methodist Church from 1930 to 1965 after which it again became a separate entity.* [See photos above.]

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