Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Livermore Falls

Livermore Falls Birdseye View 1889

Livermore Falls Birdseye View 1889

Location Map for Livermore Falls

Location Map for Livermore Falls

Year Population
1970 3,450
1980 3,572
1990 3,455
2000 3,227
2010 3,187
Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:26:05
W. Latitude 70:09:06
Maine House District 74
Maine Senate District 18
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 20.4
Area sq. mi. (land) 19.8
Population/sqmi (land) 161.0
County: Androscoggin

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Sign: Welcome to Livermore Falls (2004)[LIV-ehr-more FALLZ] is a town in Androscoggin County, incorporated March 1, 1844 as East Livermore.  It had been the northeastern part of the town of Livermore on the east side of the Androscoggin River. Nearly 90 years later, in 1930, the name was changed to Livermore Falls.

Elijah Livermore, who owned the original intact town of Livermore, built grist and saw mills at the falls on the Androscoggin.

According to the Gazetteer of Maine in 1886,

There is a natural fall of fourteen feet. There are on these falls at present, a grist-mill, three saw-mills, a factory for novelty wood-turning, a leather-board factory, and the Umbagog Paper Fibre Mills. In the village there are also various small manufactures without water-power.  The Indian name of the locality is Rokomeko, signifying, it is said, “great corn land.” The town yields good crops and is excellent grazing-land.  It has also been noted for its cattle.

At the time, with distance being a transportation challenge, the town supported seven schoolhouses with a population of 1,082, about one-third of the current population.

Livermore Falls and its International Paper Chisholm Mill (1973)

The Falls, International Paper Chisholm Mill (1973)

Smoke and Fog at the Otis Mill on Androscoggin River (2001)

Smoke and Fog at the Otis Mill on Androscoggin River (2001)


Eventually, especially in the early 20th century, the small mills and factories gave way to a major industry hungry for water power. The Jay village of Chisholm was the site of the “Chisholm” paper mill, also known as the Otis mill.  It was located virtually on the Livermore Falls town line, to the benefit of both towns.

The Paper Makers Union, No. 11 had been formed in 1899. For many years Livermore Falls was a thriving paper mill town.  More recently, the employment future has become less certain, as shown by the age of the housing stock.

Depot Street (2013)

Depot Street (2013) @

Houses on Fayette Road (2013)

Fayette Road (2013) @

Park Street (2013)

Park Street (2013) @

Directional Signs at Pikes Corner (2013)

Pikes Corner (2013) @

Pikes Corner Oasis (2013)

Pikes Corner Oasis (2013) @

East Livermore Post Office, former Country Store on Route 133

E. Livermore Post Office (2013) @

Pikes Corner at Route 133 and 106, is in the East Livermore area, in Livermore Falls. The town is served by Maine Routes 4, 17, 106 and 133, directly north of the Lewiston-Auburn area. An extensive logging and manufacturing operation producing wood pallets is located on outer Park Street (Route 133).

The Logs (2013)

The Logs (2013) @

The Mill (2013)

The Mill (2013) @

The Product (2013)

The Product (2013) @

Livermore Falls from The Gazetteer of Maine

Livermore Falls from The Gazetteer of Maine (late 19th century)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Image credit: “Livermore Falls Birdseye View 1889.” LC classification: G3734.L6A3 1889 .N6 Repository: Library of Congress Geography and Map Division Washington, D.C. 20540-4650 USA dcu. Digital ID: G3734L Pm002460 Http://Hdl.Loc.Gov/Loc.Gmd/G3734L.Pm002460.  Image source:  Http://Hdl.Loc.Gov/Loc.Gmd/G3734L.Pm002460 (accessed March 19, 2013)

Dalton, Pete. They Heard the Call: Contributions of Five Maine Towns in the Civil War. Union, Me. Union Pub. Co. 1995.

Hamlin, Henry H. Memorandum Book, 1826-1842. (Cataloger Note: A volume used by Henry H. Hamlin of Livermore Falls, to record his daily work activities, sales of products, financial matters, etc. Transactions include use of a horse and wagon, sharpening a plow, and sales of beef, ham, corn, apples, etc.) [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

MacDonald, Ellen E. “Do-It-Yourself History in Livermore Falls.” Down East Magazine, November 1985, pgs. 44-49, 78-84. See the Norlands web site at www.norlands.org.

Fiftieth anniversary, Livermore Falls Trust Company, 1895-1945. 150th anniversary of the incorporation of Livermore-Livermore Falls: original grant 1735, permanently settled 1779, incorporated as a town 1795. Livermore Falls, Me. Livermore Falls Trust Company. 1945.

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1886. pp. 208-209.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Livermore, Deacon Elijah, House, 6 miles South of Livermore Falls on Hillman’s Ferry Road

This entry was posted in Cities & Towns, Government and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>