Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map for Leeds

Location Map for Leeds

Year Population
1970 1,031
1980 1,463
1990 1,669
2000 2,001
2010 2,326
Leeds Population Chart 1800-2010

Population Trend 1800-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:17:30
W. Latitude 70:08:01
Maine House District 75
Maine Senate District 22
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 43.4
Area sq. mi. (land) 40.3
Population/sq.mi. (land) 57.7
County: Androscoggin

Total=land+water; Land=land only
Leeds Community Church (2006)

Leeds Community Church (2006), curvature due to camera lens, not the church!

Veterans Memorial (2006)

Veterans Memorial (2006)

Sign: Welcome to Leeds (2006)[LEEDZ] is a town in Androscoggin County, settled in 1779 and incorporated on February 16, 1801 from Littleborough Plantation. The following year it annexed land from Livermore, then set off land to Wayne (1810 and 1859) and to Wales (1855). It is named for Leeds, England, the birthplace of John Stinchfield, the father of the original settlers, Thomas and Roger Stinchfield.

Native Americans had found the area a favorable place for their encampments. John Stinchfield noted,

No place in the Algonkin country afforded better facilities for Indian life than the banks of the Androscoggin River in Leeds and the shores of its tributary waters of the “Thirty-Mile River” ( the name early given to the chain of lakes and ponds extending from the mouth of the Dead River to the water-shed of the Sandy River).

The Dead River in Leeds (2006)

The Dead River in Leeds (’06)

Road and Railroad Bridges over the Dead River (2006)

Road and Railroad Bridges over the Dead River (2006)

According to Stinchfield, Thomas Stinchfield met the native chief Sabattus when Roger was a young man, and both became close friends. “Father Thomas,” as he became known, became the arbiter of disputes among the local Native Americans. Sabattus gave Thomas fertile land once settled by a local clan, and in 1779 Thomas and his brother Roger brought provisions up the Androscoggin, planted a crop, and built a log house. It was the first permanent structure in what is now Leeds.

Municipal Office (2006)

Municipal Office on Community Drive (2006)

Leeds Historical Society (2006)

Leeds Historical Society (’06)

The Leeds Historical Society occupies the old town office.

In 1801 it became the birthplace of U.S. Representative John Otis.

By 1852 four churches were established and the Androscoggin Railroad Company extended its line to the town. The Leeds and Farmington Railroad was a constituent line of the Consolidated Maine Central Railroad in 1881. In 1910 telephones came to Leeds, though electricity had to wait for Central Maine Power Company to bring the lines in 1933.

Homes on Androscoggin Lake (2006)

Homes on Androscoggin Lake (2006)

Stinchfield Beach on Androscoggin Lake (2006)

Stinchfield Beach (2006)

The east shore of Androscoggin Lake brings several miles of shore frontage to the community in the northeast corner, including Stinchfield Beach. The Androscoggin River forms the western boundary separating Leeds from Turner.

Leeds Central School (2006)

Leeds Central School (2006)

Local school districts were abolished by the State in 1893, giving control of Leeds schools to a three-member board. In 1918 the State mandated a Leeds-Greene-Turner School Union. Maine School Administrative District 52 was established in 1966 and Leavitt High School was organized. Leeds Central School is one of the schools in the district.

Main Channel of the Androscoggin River from Googin's Island (2013)

Main Channel of the Androscoggin River from Googin’s Island (2013) @

Canoe Portage on a Path to a Narrow Channel of the Androscoggin River (2013)

Canoe Portage on a Path to a Narrow Channel of the Androscoggin River (2013) @

Island Cemetery on Googin's Island (2013)

Island Cemetery on Googin’s Island
(2013) @

Twin Bridge Market on the Howes Corner Road (Route 219) (2013)

Twin Bridge Market on the Howes Corner Road (Route 219) (2013) @

While not as important to the local economy as it was in the 19th Century, farming still thrives in some areas of the community. Amid the farms of rural Leeds, the DeCoster mill, on a railroad line in North Leeds, dominates the landscape.

Farm in North Leeds (2006)

Farm in North Leeds (2006)

Decoster Feeds Plant on Railroad Line in North Leeds (2006)

Decoster Feeds Plant (2006)

Oliver Otis Howard was a Civil War General and Congressional Medal of Honor winner born in Leeds, who founded the predominantly black Howard University in Washington, D. C. after the war.

Railroad Crossing at Curtis Corner (2006)

Railroad Crossing at Curtis Corner (2006)

Former Governor Kenneth M. Curtis was born at Curtis Corner in 1931 .

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Administrative Assistant.

Additional resources

Leeds, Maine Bicentennial, 1801-2001. 2001. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections; Maine State Library]

Lynn, Elizabeth Mitchell. Taken from the Ground: Leeds, Maine in the Twentieth Century. Carmel, Indiana. Full Court Press. 1987.

Mitchell, H. E. (Harry Edward). The Town Register: Wayne, Wales, Monmouth, Leeds, Greene, 1905. Brunswick, Me. H. E. Mitchell. 1905.

Stinchfield, J. C. (John Clark). History of the Town of Leeds, Androscoggin County Maine: from its Settlement June 10, 1780. Bowie, Md. Heritage Books. 1996

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Cape Site, Address Restricted West Leeds

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This entry was last modified: March 30, 2017 01:34 AM

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