is the fourth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in central Maine and bisected by the Kennebec River. It was formed on February 20, 1799 from the northern part of Lincoln County. It lost a large part of its original northern portion when Somerset County was created on June 1, 1809. At least eighteen exchanges of towns and boundaries occurred during the rest of the 19th century. See an 1856 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.
Since then the county roster of municipalities has remained stable, consisting of the following: the cities of Augusta, Gardiner, Hallowell, Waterville, and Winslow; and the towns of Albion, Belgrade, Benton, Chelsea, China, Clinton, Farmingdale, Fayette, Litchfield, Manchester, Monmouth, Mount Vernon, Oakland, Pittston, Randolph, Readfield, Rome, Sidney, Vassalboro, Vienna, Wayne, West Gardiner, Windsor, and Winthrop.
In addition to being the State Capital, the City of Augusta is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail. In 2010, Kennebec County’s population represented 9.6% of the state’s total, with a census count of 122,151, a 4.3% increase over 2000.
The 1830 Court House is historically significant especially for its architecture. It is among the first Greek Revival structures to appear in the State of Maine. The court house is built almost completely of granite which has a rough texture with the exception of finished details.
|Geography QuickFacts||Kennebec County||Maine|
|Land area, 2000 (square miles)||867.58||30,861.55|
|Persons per square mile, 2000||134.9||41.3|
|Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area: Augusta-Waterville, ME Micro Area|