Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Kennebec County

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

Map of Maine Counties and Baxter Park

is the fourth largest in population of the sixteen counties, located in central Maine and bisected by the Kennebec River. It was formed on February 20, 1799 from the northern part of Lincoln County.  It lost a large part of its original northern portion when Somerset County was created on June 1, 1809. At least eighteen exchanges of towns and boundaries occurred during the rest of the 19th century. See an 1856 map of the county in the Map Cabinet.

Since then the county roster of municipalities has remained stable, consisting of the following: the cities of Augusta,  Gardiner, Hallowell, Waterville, and Winslow; and the towns of Albion, Belgrade, Benton, Chelsea, China, Clinton, Farmingdale, Fayette, Litchfield, Manchester, Monmouth, Mount Vernon, Oakland, Pittston, Randolph, Readfield, Rome, Sidney, Vassalboro, Vienna, Wayne, West Gardiner, Windsor, and Winthrop.

Kennebec County Courthouse (2003)

Kennebec County Courthouse (2003)

In addition to being the State Capital, the City of Augusta is the County Seat, hosting the county government, courthouse, and the county jail. In 2010, Kennebec County’s population represented 9.6% of the state’s total, with a census count of 122,151, a 4.3% increase over 2000.

The 1830 Court House is historically significant especially for its architecture. It is among the first Greek Revival structures to appear in the State of Maine. The court house is built almost completely of granite which has a rough texture with the exception of finished details.

People QuickFacts (updated November 4, 2010) Kennebec County Maine
Population, 2009 estimate 121,090 1,318,301
Population, percent change, April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 3.4% 3.4%
Population estimates base (April 1) 2000 117,115 1,274,915
Persons under 5 years old, percent, 2009 5.2% 5.4%
Persons under 18 years old, percent, 2009 20.7% 20.6%
Persons 65 years old and over, percent, 2009 15.5% 15.6%
Female persons, percent, 2009 51.3% 51.2%
White persons, percent, 2009 (a) 97.0% 96.1%
Black persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.6% 1.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.5% 0.6%
Asian persons, percent, 2009 (a) 0.8% 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, percent, 2009 (a) Z Z
Persons reporting two or more races, percent, 2009 1.1% 1.1%
Persons of Hispanic or Latino origin, percent, 2009 (b) 1.2% 1.4%
White persons not Hispanic, percent, 2009 95.8% 94.9%
Living in same house in 1995 and 2000, pct 5 yrs old & over 60.8% 59.6%
Foreign born persons, percent, 2000 2.2% 2.9%
Language other than English spoken at home, pct age 5+, 2000 7.8% 7.8%
High school graduates, percent of persons age 25+, 2000 85.2% 85.4%
Bachelor’s degree or higher, pct of persons age 25+, 2000 20.7% 22.9%
Persons with a disability, age 5+, 2000 22,923 237,910
Mean travel time to work (minutes), workers age 16+, 2000 22.6 22.7
Housing units, 2009 60,779 704,578
Homeownership rate, 2000 71.2% 71.6%
Housing units in multi-unit structures, percent, 2000 23.1% 20.3%
Median value of owner-occupied housing units, 2000 $87,200 $98,700
Households, 2000 47,683 518,200
Persons per household, 2000 2.38 2.39
Median household income, 2008 $45,511 $46,419
Per capita money income, 1999 $18,520 $19,533
Persons below poverty level, percent, 2008 11.8% 12.6%
Business QuickFacts Kennebec County Maine
Private nonfarm establishments, 2008 3,413 41,7551
Private nonfarm employment, 2008 45,793 509,0931
Private nonfarm employment, percent change 2000-2008 5.9% 3.5%1
Nonemployer establishments, 2008 8,993 113,522
Total number of firms, 2002 10,901 135,410
Black-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Asian-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander owned firms, percent, 2002 F S
Hispanic-owned firms, percent, 2002 F 0.5%
Women-owned firms, percent, 2002 21.4% 24.0%
Manufacturers shipments, 2002 ($1000) 596,263 13,851,915
Wholesale trade sales, 2002 ($1000) 1,136,056 10,371,084
Retail sales, 2002 ($1000) 1,962,372 16,053,515
Retail sales per capita, 2002 $16,539 $12,370
Accommodation and foodservices sales, 2002 ($1000) 151,669 2,045,841
Building permits, 2009 317 3,1211
Federal spending, 2008 1,553,700 11,974,3611
Geography QuickFacts Kennebec County Maine
Land area, 2000 (square miles) 867.58 30,861.55
Persons per square mile, 2000 134.9 41.3
FIPS Code 011 23
Metropolitan or Micropolitan Statistical Area: Augusta-Waterville, ME Micro Area
1: Includes data not distributed by county.
(a) Includes persons reporting only one race. (b) Hispanics may be of any race, so also are included in applicable race categories. D: Suppressed to avoid disclosure of confidential information F: Fewer than 100 firms FN: Footnote on this item for this area in place of data NA: Not available S: Suppressed; does not meet publication standards X: Not applicable Z: Value greater than zero but less than half unit of measure shown
Source: http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/23/23011.html (accessed April 29, 2011)





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This entry was last modified: November 11, 2017 06:56 PM

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