Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Indian Township

Location Map for Indian Township

Location Map for Indian Township

Year Population
1970 n.a.
1980 423
1990 617
2000 676
2010 718
Geographic Data
N. Latitude 45:15:32
W. Latitude 67:36:29
Maine House District 140
Maine Senate District 6
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 43.4
Area sq. mi. (land) 37.5
Population/sq.mi. (land) 19.2
County: Washington

Total=land+water; Land=land only

Indian Township Reservation (also known as Motahkomikuk) in Washington County, is one of two homes of the Passamaquoddy tribe, the other being Pleasant Point.

Directional Signs to Peter Dana Point, Grand Lake Stream, and Passamaquoddy Health Center

To Peter Dana Point (2013) @

sign: Town Line, Entering Indian Township

The Office of Land Agent, created in 1824, was to manage the sale and settlement of the public land, including Indian lands. A 1929 law gave administration of the Indian tribes to the Department of Forestry. Forestry records at the Maine State Archives include information about lumbering in Indian Township and sale of lots in Indian Township (1890-1918). Lands have been returned to the tribe as a result of the Maine Indian Lands Claims Settlement of 1980.

Peter Dana Point, in the southwest corner, is the village center for the Passamaquoddy people in the township. U.S. Route 1 hosts another cluster of facilities and population.

School at Peter Dana Point (2013)

School, Peter Dana Point (2013) @

Child Care Facility at Peter Dana Point (2013)

Child Care Facility at Peter Dana Point (2013) @

Separate from the U.S. Census count for each reservation, there are “tribal members” regardless of residence.  1,369 people are tribal members on the township’s census.

Houses at Peter Dana Point (2013)

Houses at Peter Dana Point (2013) @

Passamaquoddy Health Center (2013)

Passamaquoddy Health Center (2013)

The tribe’s governing body is the policy maker for the Passamaquoddy People of Indian Township with each member elected for a four year term.

The Governor is the administrator for all financial determinations, and the Lieutenant Governor is the assistant to the Governor. A six member Council makes policy for the tribe.

Big Lake at Peter Dana Point (2013)

Big Lake at Peter Dana Point (2013) @

St. Anne Parish Church at Peter Dana Point (2013)

St. Anne Parish Church, Peter Dana Point (’13) @

A Tribal Representative to the Maine House of Representatives is elected every four years, candidates alternating between Indian Township and Pleasant Point Reservations, though both reservations vote in the election. Tribal Representatives may introduce legislation and speak in debates in the House, but may not participate in the voting on legislation.

Houses at Peter Dana Point (2013)

Houses at Peter Dana Point (2013) @

Cemetery Overlooking Big Lake at Peter Dana Point (2013)

Cemetery at Big Lake on the Point (2013) @

U.S. Route 1 runs northwest-southeast through the township. The municipal offices, public safety building, housing authority and Boys & Girls Club Fitness Center are located in the southeast corner near the town line with Princeton and near the shore of Lewy Lake.

Indian Township Municipal Building (2013)

Indian Township Municipal Building (2013) @

Indian Township Public Safety Building (2013)

Indian Township Public Safety Building (2013)

Indian Township Passamaquoddy Reservation Housing Authority (2013)

Passamaquoddy Indian Township Housing Auth.

Houses on Route 1 (2013)

Houses near Lewy Lake (2013)

Houses on Route 1 (2013) W67° 34' 51.65"

Houses near Lewy Lake (2013) @

Fitness Center on Route 1 (2013)

Boys & Girls Fitness Center (2013) @

Small Houses on Lewy Lake

Small Houses on Lewy Lake (2013)

Entering Princeton near Lewy Lake (2013)

Entering Princeton near Lewy Lake (2013) @

Additional resources

Maine. Forestry Department. Forestry Department Indian records, 1929-1933. [Maine State Archives]

Maine. Department of Indian Affairs. Passamaquoddy Tribal Census: Pleasant Point, Perry: 1970-72, 1976-1979; Peter Dana Point, Princeton: 1970; Indian Township: 1975. Augusta, Me. Maine Department of Indian Affairs. 1970-1979. [University of Maine, Raymond H. Fogler Library, Special Collections]

Passamaquoddy Tribe. Peskotomuhkati Motahkomikuk. Indian Township, Maine. http://www.passamaquoddy.com/ (accessed December 28, 2011)

Pleasant Point – Sipayik. http://www.wabanaki.com/ (accessed December 28, 2011)

This entry was posted in Native Americans, People (non-government), Society and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>