Maine: An Encyclopedia


Location Map for Fayette

Location Map for Fayette

Year Population
1970 447
1980 812
1990 855
2000 1,040
2010 1,140
Fayette Population Chart 1800-2010

Population Trend 1800-2010

Geographic Data
N. Latitude 44:26:23
W. Latitude 70:03:47
Maine House District 76
Maine Senate District 17
Congress District 2
Area sq. mi. (total) 31.4
Area sq. mi. (land) 29.2
Population/sq.mi. (land) 39.0
County: Kennebec

Total=land+water; Land=land only
Fayette Baptist Church (2002)

Fayette Baptist Church (2002)

[FAY-eht] the most westerly town in Kennebec County, was named for the Marquis de Lafayette, the French nobleman who offered his services to the Americans during the Revolution.

Settled permanently beginning in 1781, it was incorporated as a town on February 28, 1795 from the former Sterling (or Starling) Plantation.

Three years before the town was established, in 1792, the Fayette Baptist Church (upper right) was incorporated.

Fayette Country Store (2002)

Fayette Country Store (2002)

Lafayette Corner (later Fayette Corner) was the business center of the town, lying on a well-traveled route between the Androscoggin and Kennebec rivers.

In the 1880’s the Gazeteer of Maine observed these elements of the local economy:

[The] Dunn Edge Tool Company [does] a large business in the manufacture of axes, scythes, and other cutting implements. [Also] are manufactured long and short lumber, cabinet work, dowels, and boxes and measures. There is some granite in town, also pyritiferous mica-schist*, and slate. The soil is generally good, and the town is noted for its dairy products and its fine woolen sheep.

Echo Lake (2002)

Echo Lake (2002)

The town has substantial frontage on several large lakes and ponds: David, Tilton and Parker ponds in the northeast, Echo and Lovejoy in the east, and Mosher Pond in the nowthwest near Twelve Corners.

Fayette Central School (2002)

Fayette Central School (2002)

In the 1880’s, Fayette supported nine public schoolhouses with a population of 765 in 1880.

*a formation containing quartz, mica, and pyrite (a common mineral also known as “fool’s gold”)

Form of Government: Town Meeting-Select Board-Manager.

Additional resources

Dalton, Pete. They Heard the Call: Contributions of Five Maine Towns in the Civil War. Union, Me. Union Pub. Co. 1995.

*Maine. Historic Preservation Commission. Augusta, Me.   Text and photos from National Register of Historic Places: and

Joseph P. Underwood House: 05001470.PDF
Kent Burying Ground: 08001254.PDF

Sins of our Mothers [moving image recording] The Story of Emeline. Alexandria, Va. PBS. 1988. (Cataloger Note: Presents the true story of Emeline Gurney, on which Judith Rossner’s novel Emmeline is based. At the age of 13, Emeline was sent by her parents from Fayette, Maine to live and work in the mills at Lowell, Mass. Within a year she had been seduced, given birth to an illegitimate son, given him to strangers and returned to her parents’ home in Maine. In a tragic turn of events, many years later she marries a man from Massachusetts, who is later revealed to be her illegimate son. Using town and church records and interviews with townspeople who knew her, the program reveals attitudes about community, morality and social conditions in 19th century New England.)

Underwood, Joseph H. History of Fayette. Edited and completed by Russell C. Tuck. Augusta, Me.. C.E. Nash, printers. 1956.

Varney, George J. A Gazetteer of the State of Maine. 1881. p. 232.

National Register of Historic Places – Listings

Joseph P. Underwood House

Underwood House (2005)

Underwood House (2005)

The Underwood House in Fayette Mills, the largest and most architecturally prominent house in town, is a building that reflects the achievements and status of one of this town’s most successful merchants, farmers and politicians. Built in 1837, the large brick house and ell was Underwood’s third home in the town to which he had moved thirty years earlier. Over the next thirty years he was to expand his interests to include establishing one of the earliest and best herds of Hereford cattle in the state.

Underwood had established a successful store, invested in many local industries and served as an elected official in a variety of local and state offices. He was elected to the Maine House in 1833, 1835 and 1838. When Governor Kent was elected in 1841, Underwood was appointed as a member of the Governor’s Council.* [Christi Mitchell photo]

Kent Burying Ground

Kent Burial Ground (2008)

Kent Burial Ground (2008)

The Kent Burying Ground is a modest sized, neighborhood oriented circular cemetery located at Fayette Corners. Laid out after 1880, the cemetery is nestled in the corner formed by the intersections of Fayette Corners Road and the Oak Hill Road. Although this section of town once contained many farms, schools and civic buildings, it is currently a crossroads featuring widely dispersed farms and homes. The Fayette Corner Baptist Church, which has its own burial yard, is approximately three-quarters of a mile away and an overgrown frame, one-room schoolhouse is located about half a mile to the west. The entry to the cemetery fronts on Fayette Corners Road and faces northwest. * [Andrew D. Sell photo]

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This entry was last modified: February 19, 2018 09:42 PM

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