Maine: An Encyclopedia
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People (non-government)

Status of Women 1874

1875 Law Giving the Authority to Solemnize Marriage and Administer Oaths

Text of a 1875 law giving women the authority to solemnize marriage and administer oaths. (Click to enlarge.) Prior to 1875, women, who could not yet vote, had no authority to act as a justice of the peace, administering oaths, … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892

[pp. 13-17] LIST OF EMPLOYMENTS. Women were found engaged in the following employments. Artists. Art stores. Bazaars. Cigar stores. Crockery stores. Confectionery stores. Dry goods stores. Dry goods and notion stores. Dry goods and carpet stores. Dry and fancy goods … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892 Statistics

Women Wage Workers by Occupation 1892

STATISTICS FROM A SURVEY FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR STATISTICS REPORT, 1892 [pp. 150-151] Out of a total of 2,583 there are 115 who cannot read and 124 Who cannot write the English language, or between four and … Continue reading

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Stearns, Joseph B.

Joseph B. Stearns (1831-1895) was born in Weld and moved to Searsmont with is father at the age of fourteen.  Three years later he moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts and found work in a cotton mill. After several early failures left … Continue reading

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Stevens, John Calvin

(1855-1940) was born in Boston, though his family moved to Portland in 1857 when he was two years old. The Great fire of 1866 destroyed the family home along with almost 1,000 other buildings. In 1873, after finishing high school, … Continue reading

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Stowe, Harriet Beecher

The "Stowe House" c. 1950

Selected works The Mayflower, or, Sketches of scenes and characters among the descendants of the Pilgrims (1843) The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (1855) An inside View of Slavery; or, A tour among the planters (1855) Dred; a Tale … Continue reading

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Strout, Elizabeth

Anything Is Possible (2017) My Name Is Lucy Barton (2016) The Burgess Boys (2013) Olive Kitteridge (2008) Abide with Me (2006) Amy and Isabelle (1998) Elizabeth Strout (1956-    ) lived in Harpswell as a young girl. “My parents came from … Continue reading

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Tarbox, Samuel

Samuel Tarbox Homestead (2004)

(1780-1861) born February 10, 1780, was an enterprising businessman in the town of Westport, who had a thriving fishing and shipping business in the early 1800’s. He may have received the honorary title “Squire” because of his wealth, land holdings, … Continue reading

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Tarkington, Booth

Selected Works Alice Adams (1921) Beasley’s Christmas Party (1909) The Beautiful Lady (1905) Beauty And The Jacobin; An Interlude Of The French Revolution (1912) Cherry (1903) Claire Ambler (1928) Clarence; A Comedy In Four Acts (1921) The Collector’s Whatnot: A … Continue reading

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Thoreau, Henry David

(1817-1862) was born on July 12, 1817 and raised in Concord, Massachusetts. He was truly a “journalist,” keeping a daily journal from young adulthood to shortly before his death. He traveled to Maine, climbed Mount Katahdin, and was an early … Continue reading

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Vaughan, Benjamin

Benjamin Vaughan

(1751-1835) was born in Jamaica, West Indies on April 19, 1751. He was the oldest son of Samuel Vaughan, of London, a West India merchant and planter. His mother was Sarah Hallowell, daughter of Benjamin Hallowell, a Boston merchant. Since … Continue reading

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Veazie, Samuel

General Samuel Veazie (1787-1868) was born in Portland. After trying several ventures, including being a sailor, then owning a ship, he moved to Topsham. While there he purchased the “Androscoggin boom,” a system of guiding and sorting logs floated down … Continue reading

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Veterans

Houlton Veterans Memorial

The Maine Department of Defense, Veterans and Emergency Management was established to coordinate and improve the discharge of the State Government’s responsibility relating to military, veterans and civil emergency management through the authorization, planning, provision of resources, administration, operation and … Continue reading

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Weymouth, George

Weymouth Cross on Allen Island in the Georges Islands group in St. George (2006)

Weymouth, sometimes spelled “Waymouth,” was an early English explorer of the Maine coast. In 1602 he led an expedition of two vessels for the newly formed East India Company, to find a northwest passage to India.  He did enter the … Continue reading

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White, E. B.

The Main House in Brooklin (2003)

Selected works . . . The New Yorker Album (1928) One Man’s Meat (1942) Stuart Little (1945) Here is New York (1949) Charlotte’s Web (1952) The Trumpet of the Swan (1970) Letters of E.B. White (1976) Essays of E.B. White … Continue reading

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White, Ellen Gould Harmon

Selected Works . . . A Sketch of the Christian Experience and Views of Ellen G. White (1851) The Great Controversy between Christ and Satan during the Christian Dispensation (1858) The Spirit of Prophecy, Vol. 1 (1870) Life Sketches. Ancestry, … Continue reading

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Wiggin, Kate Douglas

Salmon Falls Village Library in Hollis Center (2003)

And other stories . . . 1887 Kindergarten chimes: a collection of songs and games composed and arranged for kindergartens and primary schools 1889 The Story Of Patsy 1890 The Story Hour 1890 Timothy’s Quest 1895 Froebel’s Gifts 1895 The … Continue reading

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Wiggins, James Russell

James R. Wiggins, United States Mission to the United Nations photo

(1903-2000) former editor of The Washington Post, served briefly as ambassador to the United Nations, then retired to Ellsworth, where he continued to work at the Ellsworth American, a weekly newspaper he owned from 1966 to 1991 until his declining … Continue reading

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Williamson, William D.

William D. Williamson, Maine Senate President 1820-1821 (courtesy Maine State Archives)

(1779-1846) a U.S. Representative, was born in Canterbury, Connecticut on July 31, 1779, then moved in boyhood with his father to Amherst, Massachusetts. He attended the common schools and Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts, and was graduated from Brown University in … Continue reading

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Willis, Nathaniel P.

Selected works American Scenery, Or, Land, Lake And River Illustrations Of Transatlantic Nature, Vols. I and II (1840) Canadian Scenery Illustrated (1842) The Convalescent (1859) Dashes At Life With A Free Pencil (1845) Famous Persons And Places (1854) Fugitive Poetry … Continue reading

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