Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

People (non-government)

Roosevelts in Maine

President Roosevelt coming out of the home of former Secretary of State Blaine, Augusta (1902)

This famous family had close ties with Maine from “Teddy” to “FDR.” Theodore “Teddy” Roosevelt, Jr. As early as 1878, Teddy Roosevelt began his long relationship with Maine and his personal guide, William Wingate “Bill” Sewall of Island Falls in … Continue reading

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Rushworth, Robert A.

Rushworth in an Aircraft Cockpit

(1924-1993), born in Madison on October 9, 1924, grew up to be the second U.S. “winged” astronaut, that is the second to fly higher that 50 miles. A test pilot in the United State Air Force (USAF), he flew the … Continue reading

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Russo, Richard

a resident of Camden won the Pulitzer Prize “for distinguished fiction by an American author,” in 2002 for Empire Falls, about a declining mill town in Maine. According to an article in the Bangor Daily News, Russo reportedly said “This … Continue reading

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Samoset

(1590?-1655) was the Indian sagamore, from the Pemaquid area, who in 1621 was visiting chief Massasoit when he surprised the Pilgrims of Plymouth with the words, “Much welcome, Englishmen.” According to Isaacson, “He explained that he was a sachem and … Continue reading

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Sampson, Sarah H.

Sarah S. Sampson

(1832-1907) was an energetic woman who used her social and political connections to support her special public projects. This redoubtable lady came to Washington, D.C. to be near her husband, Lieutenant Colonel Charles A. W. Sampson of the 3rd Maine … Continue reading

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Samuelson, Joan Benoit

Olympic Rings

(1957- ) Olympic gold medalist, and marathon runner, was born on May 16, 1957 in Cape Elizabeth. She started running track at Cape Elizabeth High School before entering Bowdoin College where she excelled in a variety of athletics before she … Continue reading

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Sewall, William Wingate

The Sewall House (2001)

(1845-1930), a Maine guide and log driver, was the first white child born in Island Falls, April 13, 1845. He climbed Mount Katahdin for the first time in September, 1867 when he was twelve years old. Bill Sewall was introduced … Continue reading

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Shakers

Shakers Cemetery Monument (2003)

by Leonard Brooks, Director, Shaker Museum and Shaker Library September 2, 2012 The story of the Shakers begins in the Manchester area of England in the 1740s. One of the early leaders of the Shaker church was Ann Lees or … Continue reading

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Shell Middens

Whaleback Shell Midden Sign (2002)

or shell heaps, are scattered along the Maine coast giving evidence of the lifestyles of its ancient inhabitants. A “midden” is a refuse heap, or less delicately – a dump. Whaleback Shell Midden signWhile they are found all over the … Continue reading

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Siebert, Frank T., Jr.

Frank Thomas Siebert, Jr. (1912-1998) was a student of the Penobscot Indians’ language and drafted an Penobscot dictionary in 1984 which contained nearly 15,000 entries of this Native American tribe’s vocabulary. Siebert was a pathologist, self-taught linguist and collector of … Continue reading

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Slavery

while an accepted custom in the colonies, it was practiced in Maine as early as 1733 when the parish at York (then Agamenticus) “VOTED that there be a Slave Bought for the Parish to be Employed for the use of … Continue reading

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Smith, Elizabeth Oakes

Selected works . . . Bertha and Lily, or, The Parsonage of Beech Glen: A Romance. (1854)The Dandelion (1845)Jack Spanker and the Mermaid (1843?)The Newsboy (1854)Old New York: or, Democracy in 1689. A tragedy, in five acts. (1853) The Poetical … Continue reading

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Smith, Samantha Reed

Sculpture of Samantha Smith (2001)

(1972-1985) was born on June 29, 1972 in Houlton, and died in a plane crash on August 15, 1985. At age ten, she wrote a letter to then Soviet Premier Yuri Andropov expressing her concern over the possibilities of nuclear war. Andropov replied that the Soviets did not want war and invited her to visit him. Continue reading

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Smith, Seba

was born in 1792 at Buckfield in western Maine.  He graduated in Bowdoin College’s  class of 1818 and went on to establish Maine’s first daily newspaper, the Portland Courier. Smith created Major Jack Downing, a character he used in his … Continue reading

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Sockalexis, Louis

Sketch of Louis Sockalexis

1871 Born on Indian Island, grandson of the Chief of the Bear Clan. 1893 Attends St. Mary’s College, Van Buren. 1894-1895 Attends Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, batting a powerful .444 over two seasons. 1896 Transfers to Notre Dame in … Continue reading

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Spear, Ellis

Ellis Spear

(1834-1917) was second in command to then Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain at the famous Civil War battle of Little Round Top at Gettysburg in July of 1863. He was born in Warren on October 15, 1834. Spear was graduated from … Continue reading

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Spotted Elk, Molly

Molly Spotted Elk

1903 Born on Indian Island, eldest child of Horace Nelson, a future Penobscot Governor, and Philomena Solis Nelson, a celebrated basket maker. In Penobscot her given name is “Molly Dellis.” After her mother’s early death, Molly raises her seven brothers … Continue reading

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Stanley, Francis and Freelan

Francis (1849-1918) and his twin brother Freelan (1849-1940) Stanley were born June 1, 1849 in Kingfield. They formed the Stanley Dry Plate Company in 1883 to manufacture dry plates for the photographic process invented by Francis. After 22 years, they … Continue reading

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Stanwood, Cornelia

Stanwood Homestead and Sanctuary Entrance (2013)

(1865-1958), was a well-respected Maine ornithologist. At the age of 48, she found her true calling in life – the study of birds. After floating through one teaching job after another for 17 years, and a nervous breakdown, she remembered … Continue reading

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State Capitol Memorials

Memorials to people, groups, and events are located near the State House in Augusta. One of the more striking images is the one dedicated to those who served in the Vietnam War. Located in Capitol Park, across from the State … Continue reading

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