Maine: An Encyclopedia
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People (non-government)

Norcross, Leonard

(1798-1864) was born on June 18, 1798 in Readfield and became a millwright and a mechanic. He later moved to Dixfield where he developed several inventions. According to Stover in Eminent Mainers, they included a threshing and separating machine, a … Continue reading

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Nordica, Lillian

Lillian Nordica, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1857-1914) was born on the family farm in Farmington as Lillian Bayard Norton. According to one observer, she was “America’s first and most glamorous opera singer to attain true international prominence.” After the financial failure of the farm and, two … Continue reading

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Nye, Edgar Wilson

a descendent of Benjamin Nye who came from England in 1635, was an American humorist born in the town of Shirley. He moved to Wisconsin with his family when he was two. Nye was a satirist and comic lecturer, who … Continue reading

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Ockett, Molly

(c1740-1816) succeeded in living her life according to Wabanaki traditions and, for the most part, on ancestral land because she was savvy enough to learn how to adapt to the encroaching white settlers and their way of life without assimilating … Continue reading

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Park, Maud Wood

Maud Wood Park, c. 1915-1925

(1871-1955), who spent a substantial part of her life in Maine, was born on January 25, 1871 in Boston. She was a Radcliffe graduate who became an organizer, civic leader, and speaker for causes that moved her. Park organized her … Continue reading

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Parsons, Stephen

Stephen Parsons House (1983)

(1778-1862) A model of early 19th century upward mobility and entrepreneurial skill, Parsons  came to Edgecomb in 1801 with his wife, Margaretta Frederick Randall, daughter of Benjamin Randall, founder of the Free Will Baptist denomination. His career from that point … Continue reading

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Pattangall, William

William Robindon Pattangall, courtesy Maine State Museum

William Robinson Pattangall (1865-1942) was at once a humorist, politician and sage. He was born in Pembroke, Washington County, and graduated from the University of Maine in 1884. At the turn of the century, Pattangall became well known for his … Continue reading

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Peary, Josephine Diebitsch

Josephine D. Peary

(1863-1955), Arctic explorer and writer, was born in Washington D.C. and raised in a wealthy environment as the oldest of four children. After graduating from high school, she attended a business college and worked as a clerk at the Smithsonian … Continue reading

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Peary, Robert E.

The Peary House on Eagle Island (2002)

(1856-1920), who summered on Eagle Island, received a degree in civil engineering from Bowdoin College in 1877, was a noted Arctic explorer who became famous as the discoverer of the North Pole, though many experts believe that the claim has … Continue reading

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Perkins, Frances

Frances Perkins Center (2014)

While she was born in Boston, Frances Perkins considered her family’s “Brick House” in Newcastle to be her home. As the National Park Service observed in its National Landmark Nomination document: The Perkins Homestead in Newcastle, Maine, is nationally significant … Continue reading

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Phipps, Sir William

born in Nauskeag (now Woolwich), a ship tradesman in Arrowsic, then governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, he commanded several military expeditions against the French in Canada. As governor, he pardoned those who were accused in the Salem witch trials. Continue reading

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Pilgrims

“In the fall of 1620 the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth during a disagreeable storm, and, noting the excellent opportunity for future misery, began to erect a number of rude cabins.”  — Bill Nye Members of the Plymouth Colony began trading … Continue reading

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Preble, Edward

(1761-1807) was born in Falmouth, now Portland, on August 15, 1761 and has been called the “Father of the American Navy.” He played a decisive role in keeping the waters of Maine safe from Barbary pirates as Commander of U.S. … Continue reading

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Pulitzer Prize Winners

The following winners have Maine roots from birth or residence. Author Year Category Title Laura E. Richards 1917 Biography Julia Ward Howe Booth Tarkington 1919 Literature The Magnificent Ambersons Booth Tarkington 1922 Literature Alice Adams Edwin Arlington Robinson 1922 Poetry … Continue reading

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Rasles, Sebastian

Father Rasle Monument (2001)

was a Jesuit priest killed by the British in an attack on the Native American village in Norridgewock on August 23, 1724. Born January 28, 1657* in France, he attended college then taught Greek at Nimes in Southern France. There … Continue reading

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Reich, Wilhelm

Orgonon in Rangeley (2001)

A Freudian analyst born in Austria in 1897, Reich was trying to prove the energetic reality of the “Libido” which Sigmund Freud had coined. He worked on his own version of biophysics for many years but by 1933 he left … Continue reading

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Rich, Louise Dickinson

Selected Works Happy the Land (1946/1998) Start of the Trail (1949) My Neck of the Woods (1950) Trail to the North (1952) Only Parent (1953) Innocence Under the Elms (1955) The Coast of Maine (1956/1962/1970/1975/1993) Peninsula (1958/1971) First Book of … Continue reading

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Richards, Laura E.

Laura Richards House (2003)

Selected Works Sketches and Scraps (1881) Five Mice in a Mouse Trap (1881) The Joyous Story of Toto (1885) Toto’s Merry Winter (1887) Queen Hildegarde (1889) In My Nursery (1890) Captain January (1890) Hildegarde’s Holiday (1891) Hildegarde’s Home (1892) Melody … Continue reading

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Roberts, Kenneth L.

Selected Works Arundel : A Chronicle of the Province of Maine and of the Secret Expedition led by Benedict Arnold against Quebec (1930) The Battle of Cowpens: The Great Morale-Builder (1957) Black Magic : an account of its beneficial use … Continue reading

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Robinson, Edwin Arlington

E. A. Robinson House (2003)

Amaranth (1934) Avon’s Harvest (1921) Captain Craig: A Book Of Poems (1903) Cavender’s House (1929) The Children of the Night: a Book of Poems (1897) Dionysus In Doubt : A Book Of Poems (1925) The First Seven Years (1930) Fortunatus … Continue reading

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