Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

People (non-government)

Legislative Recognition of Women 2013

STATE OF MAINE _____ IN THE YEAR OF OUR LORD TWO THOUSAND AND THIRTEEN _____  JOINT RESOLUTION IN HONOR OF WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH AND IN RECOGNITION OF THE CONTRIBUTION THAT WOMEN MAKE TO MAINE AND TO THE UNITED STATES WHEREAS, … Continue reading

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Legislature, Women Members

Women Legislators 1923-1917

Year House Senate Total 1923 1 0 1 1925 1 0 1 1927 4 2 6 1929 4 3 7 1931 4 1 5 1933 3 1 4 1935 6 1 7 1937 6 2 8 1939 4 1 5 … Continue reading

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Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow

His Work . . . Hyperion, a prose romance and Voices of the Night (1839) “Psalm of Life,” a poem (1839) Ballads and Other Poems, including “The Skeleton in Armor” (1841) Ballads and Other Poems (1842) Poems on Slavery (1842) … Continue reading

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Longley, Stephen J.

Steve Longley "Ferryman" (2007)

Stephen Joseph Longley (1957-2013), born in Lewiston, was known throughout the Appalachian Trail hiking community by his trail name, “The Ferryman,” for twenty years, from 1987 to 2007. He operated the Appalachian Trail Conference’s Kennebec River Ferry Service where the … Continue reading

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Lovejoy, Elijah Parish

Birthplace Marker (2003)

“I cannot surrender my principles, though the whole world would vote them down. I can make no compromise between truth and error, even though my life be the alternative.“ – – ELIJAH PARISH LOVEJOY, 1835 Elijah Parish Lovejoy (1802-1837) was … Continue reading

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MacDougall, Arthur R., Jr.

(1896-19??) was born in the rural and forested community of Enfield on August 16, 1896, the son of a master carpenter. His father had emigrated from Scotland and, in the “new world” had evangelical ministry. His mother was Nellie Rosilla … Continue reading

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MacMillan, Donald B.

Model of the Schooner Bowdoin at Bowdoin College (2013)

Donald Baxter MacMillan (1872-1970), though born in Provincetown, Massachusetts, lived in Freeport as a boy, and graduated from Freeport High School and Bowdoin College in Brunswick.  He later taught at schools in Maine and Massachusetts. After joining Admiral Robert E. … Continue reading

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Maine in the World

Many Maine people have had an impact throughout the United States and the world.  A glimpse of Maine Women in the World has been well described by Polly Welts Kaufman. Maine authors have made their mark outside the state.  From … Continue reading

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Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act 1979

INDIAN TERRITORIES CHAPTER 601 MAINE INDIAN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT (To Indian Lands Claims article.) 30 § 6201. Short title INDIAN TERRITORIES CHAPTER 601 MAINE INDIAN CLAIMS SETTLEMENT 30 § 6201. Short title This Act shall be known and may be cited … Continue reading

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Mathilde, Molly

(c1665-1717) was named Pidianiske at birth by her parents who were Wabanaki Indians, which translates to “People Of The Dawn,” because they believed that the sun’s early light reaches the banks of the Penobscot River first, before it touches anywhere … Continue reading

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Maxim, Hiram Stevens

(1840-1916) was born in Sangerville February 5, 1840 and was famous for inventing the machine gun, ironically a “sanguinary” (bloody) instrument of warfare. Among other things, he invented smokeless powder for guns, a gas generator, a gas headlight for locomotives, … Continue reading

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Meader, Abbott Vaughn

(1936-2004) was born in Waterville on March 20, 1936, using Vaughn Meader as his professional name in the entertainment industry. After his father’s death he was, according to his wife, sent to a brutal children’s home in Massachusetts. Thereafter he … Continue reading

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Millay, Edna St. Vincent

Camden Harbor from Mount Battie (2001)

(1892-1950) was born in Rockland on February 22, 1892 and moved to Camden with her family when she was twelve, graduated from Camden High School, then from Vassar College. Her mother, divorced, had little money for her three daughters, but … Continue reading

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Molly Mollasses

Sarah Molasses, Daughter of Molly Molasses and John Neptune

Mary Pelagie (1775-1867) an early 19th century Native American Penobscot woman, strove to live an autonomous life in an era in which there were numerous hindrances and hardships associated with womanhood. Existing in the late 18th to early 19th century … Continue reading

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Moore, Ruth

Weir in a Cove on Beals Island (2004)

1903 Birth, July 21 on Gott’s Island at the mouth of Blue Hill Bay. 1917 Goes to the mainland; stays with relatives while attending Ellsworth High School. 1921 Graduates from Ellsworth High, attends New York State College for Teachers in … Continue reading

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Nash, Clara Hapgood

Clara Hapgood Nash, admitted to the Maine bar at Machias in 1872, was the first woman in New England, and only about the fifth in the country, to achieve that status. It was not until 1899 that a law was … Continue reading

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Native Americans

Sign: Maliseet Tribal Offices (2003)

Social and Political Organization An important unit of social organization was the band, a loosely organized collection of people, frequently related family members, who occupied a particular tract of land, moved and camped together, and felt a common identity, including … Continue reading

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Native Americans by County, Percent

Map: Native Americans by County 2010

In 2010 the three counties in which Indian reservations exist had the largest proportion of Native American residents.  Washington leads with 4.5 percent of the county’s population.  Aroostook (1.5%) and Penobscot (.9%) follow.  The Native American population statewide is 0.6%. … Continue reading

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Nearing, Helen Knothe

Mail Box at the Good Life Center (2008)

(1904-1995) was a self-sufficient organic farmer and author whose life with her husband, Scott Nearing, struck a powerful chord with thousands of people. Later labeled the “back-to-the-land movement,” generations of people, some disenfranchised by McCarthyism, the Vietnam War, and the … Continue reading

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Nevelson, Louise

Louise Nevelson, ca. 1955, Smithsonian Archives of American Art

(1899-1988) was a prominent sculptor, painter, and printmaker, born on September 23, 1899, in Pereyaslav, Russia. At the age of five, she came to Rockland with her mother, older brother, and younger sister to join her father, Isaac Berliawsky, who … Continue reading

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