Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

People (non-government)

Healy, James Augustine

(1830-1900) was the first African American bishop of the Roman Catholic Church and the first black American ordained a priest in that religion. Born in Georgia, Healy’s father was a white plantation owner and his mother, a black slave. Sent … Continue reading

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Henry, Harriet

Harriet Putnam Henry (1923-2004) became Maine’s first woman judge in 1973. Nationally recognized as an expert in marine law and coastal management, she soon became known as an advocate for women judges, and for her work in the areas of … Continue reading

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Homer, Winslow

Homer Cottage (2002)

1836 Birth in Boston 1854? Lithography workshop 1857 Free-lancing, Harper’s Weekly 1859 National Academy of Design 1862 Artist for Harper’s 1863+ Civil War paintings, Harper’s 1866 Prisoners from the Front 1867 Homer returns to New York 1872 Snap the Whip. … Continue reading

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Howard, Oliver O.

Oliver O. Howard

Oliver Otis Howard was born in Leeds, November 8, 1830. He graduated from Bowdoin College in 1850 and from the U.S. Military Academy in 1855. On the outbreak of the Civil War, Howard, an opponent of slavery, resigned his regular … Continue reading

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Howells, William Dean

William Dean Howells House at Kittery Point (2013)

William Dean Howells (1837-1920) was a prolific author, editor, and literary critic. While not a legal Maine resident, his connections to the state include his relationship with Maine-based writers, his two decades at the summer place in Maine at Kittery … Continue reading

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Indian Lands Claim

were pursued in 1977, when the Penobscot, Passamaquoddy and Maliseet Indians sued the State of Maine claiming that all treaties granting land to Maine were null and void because they were never ratified by Congress. According to William Cronin, The Massachusetts … Continue reading

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Indian Reservation, Penobscots

Indian Island in the Penobscot River (2005)

The Reservation in Penobscot County, is the home of the Penobscot Tribe of Maine’s Native American population, and is located on Indian Island in the Penobscot River and within the boundaries of the community of Old Town. See photos. The Penobscot Nation Council, headquartered on the Island, is composed of elected members, lead by a Chief and a Vice Chief. It is the birthplace in 1871 of Cleveland Indians baseball player Louis Sockalexis. Dancer and entertainer Molly Spotted Elk was born here in 1903. Continue reading

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Indian Reservation, Pleasant Point

Location Map for Pleasant Point Reservation

The Pleasant Point Reservation, within the town of Perry just north of Eastport, is know to its members as “Sipayik.” See photos. The Governor is the administrator for all financial determinations, and the Lieutenant Governor is the assistant to the Governor. A six member Council makes policy for the tribe. Continue reading

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Indian Township

Location Map for Indian Township

Peter Dana Point, in the southwest corner, is the village center for the Passamaquoddy people in the township. U.S. Route 1 hosts another cluster of facilities and population. The tribe’s governing body is the policy maker for the Passamaquoddy People of Indian Township with each member elected for a four year term. Municipal offices, public safety building, housing authority and Boys & Girls Club Fitness Center are in the southeast corner near the town line with Princeton and near the shore of Lewy Lake. Continue reading

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Ipcar, Dahlov

The Art of Dahlov Ipcar (book cover)

Dahlov Zorach Ipcar (1917- ) is a resident of Robinhood, a village in the town of Georgetown. An author, artist, and illustrator of children’s books, she was born November 12, 1917 in Windsor, Vermont. She spent her early years in … Continue reading

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Isaacson, Judith

Judith Magyar Isaacson (1925- ), a Holocaust survivor and former Bates College dean, was born in Kaposvar, Hungary, in 1925. When she was 19, her family was deported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. From there, Judith, her mother, Rozsa, and … Continue reading

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Jewett, Sarah Orne

Sarah Orne Jewett House, South Berwick (2001)

Selected Works Deephaven (1877) The Country of the Pointed Firs (1896) Old Friends And New (1879) Country By-ways (1881) A Country Doctor (1884) The Mate of the Daylight, and Friends Ashore (1884) A Marsh Island. (c. 1885) A White Heron: … Continue reading

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Johnson, Jonathan Eastman

(1824-1906) was born in Lovell and began his career in Boston as an apprentice in a lithographic shop, designing title pages for books and sheet music. He was the son of Philip C. Johnson, Secretary of State for Maine. He … Continue reading

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Jones, Rufus M.

Plaque: Birthplace of Rufus M. Jones (2004)

His publications . . . Addresses about South China, 1955 The American Friends in France, 1917-1919, 1943 The Boy Jesus and His Companions, 1922 A Boy’s Religion from Memory, 1904 A Call to What is Vital, 1948 The Church’s Debt … Continue reading

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Kellogg, Elijah

Selected works . . . The Ark of Elm Island (1897) Arthur Brown, the Young Captain (1870 The Boy Farmers of Elm Island (1869) Brought to the Front, or, The Young Defenders (1876) Burying the Hatchet: or, The Young Brave … Continue reading

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King, Stephen

King House in Bangor (2003)

The Novels Carrie (1974) Salem’s Lot (1975) The Shining (1977) The Stand (1978) The Dead Zone (1979) Firestarter (1980) Cujo (1981) Christine (1983) Pet Sematary (1983) Cycle of the Werewolf (1983) The Talisman (with Peter Straub, 1984) It (1986) The … Continue reading

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Knox, Henry

Knox Mansion Montpelier [reconstruction] (2001)

The current Montpelier, built 1929-1931, is a replica of the original. After many years attempting to raise funds for construction, publisher and philanthropist Cyrus H. K. Curtis donated $250,000 to more than match the $50,000 raised by the Knox Memorial … Continue reading

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Ladd, William

William Ladd (1778-1841), a resident of Minot, was an early activist for world peace. Born in Exeter, New Hampshire on May 10, 1778, he was groomed for college by his parents and entered Harvard when he was fifteen. Not inclined … Continue reading

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Langlais, Bernard

Abenaki Indian Sculpture in Skowhegan (2002)

(1921 – 1977) was born in Old Town and learned skills with woodworking from his carpenter father. In a 2005 review of his life and work, J. T. Leonard of The Times Record in Brunswick noted When artist Bernard “Blackie” … Continue reading

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Laughlin, Gail

(1868-1952) was a prominent lawyer, legislator, and women’s rights advocate. She was born on May 7, 1868 as Abbie Hill Laughlin, in Robbinston. She graduated from Portland High School in 1886, receiving the Brown Medal for the highest grades. Laughlin … Continue reading

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