Maine: An Encyclopedia
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Society

Maxim, Hiram Stevens

(1840-1916) was born in Sangerville February 5, 1840 and was famous for inventing the machine gun, ironically a “sanguinary” (bloody) instrument of warfare. Among other things, he invented smokeless powder for guns, a gas generator, a gas headlight for locomotives, … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Meader, Abbott Vaughn

(1936-2004) was born in Waterville on March 20, 1936, using Vaughn Meader as his professional name in the entertainment industry. After his father’s death he was, according to his wife, sent to a brutal children’s home in Massachusetts. Thereafter he … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Millay, Edna St. Vincent

Camden Harbor from Mount Battie (2001)

(1892-1950) was born in Rockland on February 22, 1892 and moved to Camden with her family when she was twelve, graduated from Camden High School, then from Vassar College. Her mother, divorced, had little money for her three daughters, but … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Molly Mollasses

Sarah Molasses, Daughter of Molly Molasses and John Neptune

Mary Pelagie (1775-1867) an early 19th century Native American Penobscot woman, strove to live an autonomous life in an era in which there were numerous hindrances and hardships associated with womanhood. Existing in the late 18th to early 19th century … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Native Americans, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments

Moore, Ruth

Weir in a Cove on Beals Island (2004)

1903 Birth, July 21 on Gott’s Island at the mouth of Blue Hill Bay. 1917 Goes to the mainland; stays with relatives while attending Ellsworth High School. 1921 Graduates from Ellsworth High, attends New York State College for Teachers in … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Authors, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Movies

Pizza Parlor in Skowhegan Redesigned

“These are feature films with Maine-related themes or locations. Please note that many titles are not known to survive, or are not available.” — Karan Sheldon, Northeast Historic Film As the Earth Turns, 1934 Back to the Woods, 1918 Beans … Continue reading

Posted in Society | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Nash, Clara Hapgood

Clara Hapgood Nash, admitted to the Maine bar at Machias in 1872, was the first woman in New England, and only about the fifth in the country, to achieve that status. It was not until 1899 that a law was … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Native Americans

Sign: Maliseet Tribal Offices (2003)

Social and Political Organization An important unit of social organization was the band, a loosely organized collection of people, frequently related family members, who occupied a particular tract of land, moved and camped together, and felt a common identity, including … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Native Americans, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Native Americans by County, Percent

Map: Native Americans by County 2010

In 2010 the three counties in which Indian reservations exist had the largest proportion of Native American residents.  Washington leads with 4.5 percent of the county’s population.  Aroostook (1.5%) and Penobscot (.9%) follow.  The Native American population statewide is 0.6%. … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Native Americans, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Nearing, Helen Knothe

Mail Box at the Good Life Center (2008)

(1904-1995) was a self-sufficient organic farmer and author whose life with her husband, Scott Nearing, struck a powerful chord with thousands of people. Later labeled the “back-to-the-land movement,” generations of people, some disenfranchised by McCarthyism, the Vietnam War, and the … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Nevelson, Louise

Louise Nevelson, ca. 1955, Smithsonian Archives of American Art

(1899-1988) was a prominent sculptor, painter, and printmaker, born on September 23, 1899, in Pereyaslav, Russia. At the age of five, she came to Rockland with her mother, older brother, and younger sister to join her father, Isaac Berliawsky, who … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , | Leave a comment

Newspapers

The history of the early press in Maine is marked by a decided lack of stability. Publishers often started a newspaper, formed a partnership, then moved on to begin another paper. Some of the papers endured, but few in their … Continue reading

Posted in Society | Tagged , | Leave a comment

Norcross, Leonard

(1798-1864) was born on June 18, 1798 in Readfield and became a millwright and a mechanic. He later moved to Dixfield where he developed several inventions. According to Stover in Eminent Mainers, they included a threshing and separating machine, a … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , | Leave a comment

Nordica, Lillian

Lillian Nordica, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1857-1914) was born on the family farm in Farmington as Lillian Bayard Norton. According to one observer, she was “America’s first and most glamorous opera singer to attain true international prominence.” After the financial failure of the farm and, two … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Nye, Edgar Wilson

a descendent of Benjamin Nye who came from England in 1635, was an American humorist born in the town of Shirley. He moved to Wisconsin with his family when he was two. Nye was a satirist and comic lecturer, who … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Ockett, Molly

(c1740-1816) succeeded in living her life according to Wabanaki traditions and, for the most part, on ancestral land because she was savvy enough to learn how to adapt to the encroaching white settlers and their way of life without assimilating … Continue reading

Posted in Society, Native Americans, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Park, Maud Wood

Maud Wood Park, c. 1915-1925

(1871-1955), who spent a substantial part of her life in Maine, was born on January 25, 1871 in Boston. She was a Radcliffe graduate who became an organizer, civic leader, and speaker for causes that moved her. Park organized her … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Parsons, Stephen

Stephen Parsons House (1983)

(1778-1862) A model of early 19th century upward mobility and entrepreneurial skill, Parsons  came to Edgecomb in 1801 with his wife, Margaretta Frederick Randall, daughter of Benjamin Randall, founder of the Free Will Baptist denomination. His career from that point … Continue reading

Posted in People (non-government) | Tagged , , , | Leave a comment

Pattangall, William

William Robindon Pattangall, courtesy Maine State Museum

William Robinson Pattangall (1865-1942) was at once a humorist, politician and sage. He was born in Pembroke, Washington County, and graduated from the University of Maine in 1884. At the turn of the century, Pattangall became well known for his … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Peary, Josephine Diebitsch

Josephine D. Peary

(1863-1955), Arctic explorer and writer, was born in Washington D.C. and raised in a wealthy environment as the oldest of four children. After graduating from high school, she attended a business college and worked as a clerk at the Smithsonian … Continue reading

Posted in Society, People (non-government) | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment