Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Society

Sockalexis, Louis

Sketch of Louis Sockalexis

1871 Born on Indian Island, grandson of the Chief of the Bear Clan. 1893 Attends St. Mary’s College, Van Buren. 1894-1895 Attends Holy Cross College, Worcester, Massachusetts, batting a powerful .444 over two seasons. 1896 Transfers to Notre Dame in … Continue reading

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Southern Maine Community College

Sign for SMCC (2012)

located in South Portland,is one of several community colleges across the state.  It was formerly know as Southern Maine Technical College, but has expanded its offerings to include additional academic courses. The college has been in existence since the mid-twentieth … Continue reading

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Spear, Ellis

Ellis Spear

(1834-1917) was second in command to then Colonel Joshua L. Chamberlain at the famous Civil War battle of Little Round Top at Gettysburg in July of 1863. He was born in Warren on October 15, 1834. Spear was graduated from … Continue reading

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Spotted Elk, Molly

Molly Spotted Elk

1903 Born on Indian Island, eldest child of Horace Nelson, a future Penobscot Governor, and Philomena Solis Nelson, a celebrated basket maker. In Penobscot her given name is “Molly Dellis.” After her mother’s early death, Molly raises her seven brothers … Continue reading

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Stanley, Francis and Freelan

Francis (1849-1918) and his twin brother Freelan (1849-1940) Stanley were born June 1, 1849 in Kingfield. They formed the Stanley Dry Plate Company in 1883 to manufacture dry plates for the photographic process invented by Francis. After 22 years, they … Continue reading

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Stanwood, Cornelia

Stanwood Homestead and Sanctuary Entrance (2013)

(1865-1958), was a well-respected Maine ornithologist. At the age of 48, she found her true calling in life – the study of birds. After floating through one teaching job after another for 17 years, and a nervous breakdown, she remembered … Continue reading

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State Capitol Memorials

Memorials to people, groups, and events are located near the State House in Augusta. One of the more striking images is the one dedicated to those who served in the Vietnam War. Located in Capitol Park, across from the State … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1874

1875 Law Giving the Authority to Solemnize Marriage and Administer Oaths

Text of a 1875 law giving women the authority to solemnize marriage and administer oaths. (Click to enlarge.) Prior to 1875, women, who could not yet vote, had no authority to act as a justice of the peace, administering oaths, … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892

[pp. 13-17] LIST OF EMPLOYMENTS. Women were found engaged in the following employments. Artists. Art stores. Bazaars. Cigar stores. Crockery stores. Confectionery stores. Dry goods stores. Dry goods and notion stores. Dry goods and carpet stores. Dry and fancy goods … Continue reading

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Status of Women 1892 Statistics

Women Wage Workers by Occupation 1892

STATISTICS FROM A SURVEY FOR THE COMMISSIONER OF INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR STATISTICS REPORT, 1892 [pp. 150-151] Out of a total of 2,583 there are 115 who cannot read and 124 Who cannot write the English language, or between four and … Continue reading

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Stearns, Joseph B.

Joseph B. Stearns (1831-1895) was born in Weld and moved to Searsmont with is father at the age of fourteen.  Three years later he moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts and found work in a cotton mill. After several early failures left … Continue reading

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Stevens, John Calvin

(1855-1940) was born in Boston, though his family moved to Portland in 1857 when he was two years old. The Great fire of 1866 destroyed the family home along with almost 1,000 other buildings. In 1873, after finishing high school, … Continue reading

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Stowe, Harriet Beecher

The "Stowe House" c. 1950

Selected works The Mayflower, or, Sketches of scenes and characters among the descendants of the Pilgrims (1843) The Colored Patriots of the American Revolution (1855) An inside View of Slavery; or, A tour among the planters (1855) Dred; a Tale … Continue reading

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Strout, Elizabeth

Anything Is Possible (2017) My Name Is Lucy Barton (2016) The Burgess Boys (2013) Olive Kitteridge (2008) Abide with Me (2006) Amy and Isabelle (1998) Elizabeth Strout (1956-    ) lived in Harpswell as a young girl. “My parents came from … Continue reading

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Tarbox, Samuel

Samuel Tarbox Homestead (2004)

(1780-1861) born February 10, 1780, was an enterprising businessman in the town of Westport, who had a thriving fishing and shipping business in the early 1800’s. He may have received the honorary title “Squire” because of his wealth, land holdings, … Continue reading

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Tarkington, Booth

Selected Works Alice Adams (1921) Beasley’s Christmas Party (1909) The Beautiful Lady (1905) Beauty And The Jacobin; An Interlude Of The French Revolution (1912) Cherry (1903) Claire Ambler (1928) Clarence; A Comedy In Four Acts (1921) The Collector’s Whatnot: A … Continue reading

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Thoreau, Henry David

(1817-1862) was born on July 12, 1817 and raised in Concord, Massachusetts. He was truly a “journalist,” keeping a daily journal from young adulthood to shortly before his death. He traveled to Maine, climbed Mount Katahdin, and was an early … Continue reading

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Togus

National Home for Disabled Soldiers (Eastern Branch) c. 1880

The Togus Veterans Administration Medical and Regional Office Center, as it is formally known, is a 67-operating bed facility with general medical, surgical, intermediate and mental health beds, as well as a 100-bed Nursing Home consisting of 50 Skilled and … Continue reading

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University of Maine

Stevens Hall (2001)

was founded in 1865 as one of many land grant institutions, a direct outcome of the Morrill Act approved by President Lincoln, July 2, 1862. The legislature accepted the conditions of the Act in 1863 and in 1865 created a … Continue reading

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Vaughan, Benjamin

Benjamin Vaughan

(1751-1835) was born in Jamaica, West Indies on April 19, 1751. He was the oldest son of Samuel Vaughan, of London, a West India merchant and planter. His mother was Sarah Hallowell, daughter of Benjamin Hallowell, a Boston merchant. Since … Continue reading

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