Maine: An Encyclopedia
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Society

Abbott, Jacob

(1803-1879) was born in Hallowell, graduated from Bowdoin College in 1820 and from Andover Theological Seminary in 1825. He was professor of mathematics and natural philosophy at Amherst College from 1825-1829. He was rdained in 1834 at Elliot Church, Boston … Continue reading

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Abbott, John Stevens Cabot

was born in Brunswick on September 18, 1805. He was a brother of Jacob Abbott. Having graduated Bowdoin College in 1825, with Longfellow and Hawthorne. He later attended Andover Theological Seminary, serving as a minister between 1830 and 1844 when … Continue reading

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Abortion

Abortions Maine and US 1978-2012

Abortion has been the center of political conflict for much of the last one hundred years, but especially so since the United State Supreme Court ruled in 1973, in the case of Roe v. Wade, that prohibition of abortion is … Continue reading

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African Americans

were in Maine at least as early as 1736 when a church in York purchased a slave for its minister. John Brown Russwurm was Bowdoin College‘s first black graduate, in 1826. The third black to graduate from an American college, … Continue reading

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AIDS

Proportion of People with HIV/AIDS in 2009, by Region

The following maps, created by the Maine Bureau of Health, illustrate the spread of AIDS cases over the past two decades. Click on each map to see a larger, clearer version. Figure 2.3 (figure numbers are from the 2009 DHHS … Continue reading

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Alcohol

Beer Barrel

Maine was the home of prohibition. In 1846 Maine passed the first laws in the country outlawing the sale of alcoholic beverages except for “industrial and medicinal purposes.” In 1851, a stricter statute known as the “Maine Law” was passed … Continue reading

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Amish

Location Map for Smyrna

People of the Old Order Amish community have moved to the town of Smyrna in substantial numbers. Arriving in 1996, the Amish community had grown from just a few settlers to approximately 80 people in 12 families by 2002. Their … Continue reading

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Avery, Myron

Avery Peak from West Peak, Bigelow

Tireless worker to complete the Appalachian Trail, Myron Avery (1899-1952), born in Lubec, was a navy veteran of two world wars, and was awarded The Legion of Merit. Avery Peak on Bigelow Mountain was named in his honor. Continue reading

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Ballard, Ephraim

was born May 17, 1725 in Billerica, Massachusetts, then moved with his parents to Oxford the following year. In 1754 he married Martha Moore, better known today as Martha Ballard, who kept a diary of her life as a midwife … Continue reading

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Ballard, Martha

Martha Ballard

Born Martha Moore in 1735 Oxford, Massachusetts, she married Ephraim Ballard in 1754. In 1777 she joined her husband in Hallowell, to which he had traveled seeking land and work. The following year Ballard began her practice as a midwife. … Continue reading

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Bates College

Carnegie Science Building at Bates (2001)

was formerly the Maine State Seminary. It changed its identity and was incorporated in 1855. Located in Lewiston, it is recognized as one of the nation’s finest colleges of the liberal arts and sciences. In the U.S. News & World … Continue reading

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Baxter, James Phinney

James Phinney Baxter, courtesy Maine State Museum

(1831-1921) moved to Portland from Massachusetts with his family when he was nine years old. He had a varied education in academies around Portland and Lynn, Massachusetts, including classical and legal training. Baxter, in partnership with William G. Davis, established … Continue reading

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Bean, L. L.

Photo: Sculpture of L.L. Bean in Freeport, 2001

Leon Leonwood Bean (1872-1967) was born and raised in Greenwood in rural Maine. Orphaned at an early age, he worked at odd jobs, including a stint on a farm in Hebron, and did as much hunting and fishing that he … Continue reading

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Best, Charles

(1899-1978) was born to Canadian parents who were living in West Pembroke, Maine at the time. He grew up there, graduated from the local high school, then attended the University of Toronto where he received his M.D. degree in 1925. … Continue reading

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Beston, Henry

Grave Markers for Elizabeth, left, and Henry, right (2008)

Publications A Volunteer Poilu (1916) Full Speed Ahead (1919) Firelight Fairy Book (1919) Starlight Wonder Book (1921) The Living Age (Editor, 1921) Book of Gallant Vagabonds (1925) The Sons of Kai (1926)The Outermost House (1928) Herbs and the Earth (1935) … Continue reading

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Bingham, William

(1752-1804) was a wealthy and influential Philadelphia banker and a financier during the Revolutionary War, a United States Senator, and an owner of great tracts of land in Maine, once totaling two million acres. He was also the founder of … Continue reading

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Blethen, Alden J.

(1845-1915) was born and raised in Waldo County and rose to become a media baron in the early years of the 20th century. His grandfather, Joseph Blethen, settled in what is now Thorndike and built his homestead in the 1810’s … Continue reading

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Bodwell, Joseph R.

Joseph R. Bodwell

(1818-1887) was born in Methuen, Massachusetts on June 18, 1818. His family was poor and at age eight he went to live with a neighbor, working on his farm and receiving little education. At sixteen he was free to hire … Continue reading

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Bomazeen

A sagamore of the Norridgewock Indians, killed in the English colonials’ raid on Norridgewock in August of 1724. He was shot fleeing the attackers in an attempt to warn others. Also, a Boy Scout camp by that name in the … Continue reading

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Bowdoin College

Massachusetts Hall (2002)

is a liberal arts institution located in Brunswick. In June 1794 Massachusetts Governor Samuel Adams signed an act to establish Bowdoin College promoted by James Bowdoin III, who gave financial support to its formation and named it in honor of … Continue reading

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